Sustainability in Fashion and Apparels: Challenges and Solutions

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Sustainability in Fashion and Apparels: Challenges and Solutions
Edited by Dr. M. Parthiban, Dr. M. R. Srikrishnan and Dr. P. Kandhavadivu
Sustainability in Fashion and Apparels

Contents
Preface ix
1 E co-testing of textiles 1
K. Amutha and K. Saranya
2 A study of natural dyeing in sustainable product development 11
N. Nanthagopal and M. D. Jothilinkam
3 A pplication of vetiver extract on cotton fabric for developing healthcare products 21
S. Ampritha and Dr. V. Krishnaveni
4 B io-polymers derived from renewable plant sources and application in apparels 29
R. Sukanyadevi, Vaishnavi Muralidharan and C. Kavya
5 D esign and development of eco-friendly nebuliser face mask 35
K. Amutha and R. Priyanka
6 D evelopment of green composites 41
Dr. S. Grace Annapoorani, S.Yamuna Devi and
D. Sheebamercy
7 T extile recycling – creating a new industry 49
Pratibha Sharma
8 T he rise of sustainability in textile manufacturing life cycle 55
D. Gopalakrishnan
9 S ustainable fashion – a review 73
Mrs. E. Devaki, Ms. M. Suganya and Ms. S. Sreelakshmi
10 B io-processing of textiles 83
G. Abinaya Parameswari and M. V. Reenna Priya
11 Development of UV protective garment finished with herbal leaf extract 93
C. Mohan Bharathi, M. R. Deepika, J. K. Gowtham,
R. Suganyaa, R. Godson Silas and J. Sathish Kumar
12 A sustainable step towards the application of micro-encapsulated activated charcoal for anti-microbial finish 101
R. Pragadheeswari and K. Sangeetha
13 E nzymatic desizing of hemp cotton fabrics 107
R. Umamaheswari and Dr. S. Amsamani
14 Effect of neem finishing on water hyacinth/cotton blend non-woven fabrics 115
S. Punitha, Dr. K. Sangeetha and M. Bhuvaneshwari
15 E co-fashion handbags 123
M. Ghousia Amrin and G. Bagyalakshmi
16 A study on chemical treated modal fabrics 131
K. Gnanapriya and J. Jeyakodi Moses
17 A n optimisation of knitting parametre on anti-microbial treatment by using Box-Behnken design 141
Dr. K. M. Patchiyappan and Dr. B. Senthilkumar
18 Development of new fibre Girardinia Heterophylla 151
T. Vijayalakshmi and Dr. G. Manonmani
19 A ssessment of anti-microbial activity on jute cotton blended fabric with aloe vera finish 159
P. Benitta Christy and S. Kavitha
20 Review on eco-friendly fibres in fibrereinforced concrete 163
E. Devaki, K. Sangeetha and S. Karthika
21 S tudy on silk fabric using some selected natural dyes 171
J. Jeyakodi Moses and P. Sathish
22 I nvestigation of anti-fungal activity on cotton fabric using natural herbs 183
M. Sumithra and M. Lalitha
23 S tudy on polyacrylic acid treated silk 189
J. Jeyakodi Moses and E. Saraswathi
24 E co-friendly technology options available for textile industry 199
Dr. K. Sangeetha, T. Abirami and A. Keerthana Sri
25 S tudy on comfort properties of apparels produced from bamboo/micromodal blended air vortex yarns 211
M. Sriraj, J. Srinivasan and G. Ramakrishnan
Index 223

Preface
Ecological consideration in the apparel manufacturing industry is a permanent feature that attracts industrialists, public, government and many NGOs. In this aspect; it becomes imperative to provide alternative solutions to preserve the ecological wealth and natural resources.

Sustainable fashion, also called eco fashion, is a part of the growing design philosophy and trend of sustainability, the goal of which is to create a system which can be supported indefinitely in terms of human impact on the environment and social responsibility. Sustainable clothing refers to fabrics derived from eco-friendly resources, such as sustainability grown fiber crops or recycled materials. It also refers to how these fabrics are made. Ethical Fashion is an umbrella term to describe ethical fashion design, production, retail, and purchasing. It covers a range of issues such as working conditions, exploitation, fair trade, sustainable production, the environment, and animal welfare.

While environmentalism used to be manifest through a percentage of sales being donated to a charitable cause, fashion designers have recently adopted the idea of sustainability, using more environmentally-friendly materials and methods in clothing production. Designers say that they are trying to incorporate these sustainable practices into modern clothing, rather than producing “dusty, hippy-looking clothes. Sustainable fashion is typically more expensive than clothing produced by conventional methods.

A growing range of factors distinguish ethical processes, alternative energy, and low-impact dyes in manufacturing. However, to the extent that fashion consumers make an effort to choose an ethical wardrobe, they usually do so by trying to pick an eco-friendly fabric.

Three criteria are primarily used to extinguish the creation of eco-friendly from ordinary fabrics:

  1. The use of fewer toxic chemicals,
  2. The use of less land or water, and
  3. The reduction of greenhouse gases.
Some fabrics perform better than others across all three of these criteria. However, in many cases, one fabric is more preferable according to one of the criteria, but less preferable according to another, making for complicated choices even without factoring in differences in fabric qualities, cost, labor conditions, or carbon footprint of product transportation. The future of sustainable fashion lies in the hands of all the stakeholders within the industry. In order to improve the current situation, innovation and collaboration is needed. Everyone active in the industry should take its responsibility. The fashion sector should become more transparent. A good start is to share knowledge and best practices.

The main objective of this conference is to create an opportunity to enrich knowledge on sustainability in fashion and apparels by providing a platform to interact with industrial experts, product manufacturers, retailers, designers, academicians, researchers, and students. The conference also provides an opportunity for sharing knowledge through paper presentation by industrial experts, academicians, research scholar, designers and students from various parts of India. This conference will be adopting a case study method to identify and communicate practical challenges and solutions to apparel manufacturers. The specific challenges in apparel industry related to sustainability are to be highlighted with respect to product value, quality, and aesthetics.

Dr. M. Parthiban
Dr. M. R. Srikrishnan
Dr. P. Kandhavadivu


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