Textiles for Sportswear by Roshan Shishoo

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Textiles for Sportswear
Edited by Roshan Shishoo
Textiles for Sportswear

Contents
List of contributors ix
Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles xi

Part One Materials and production technology 1
1 Introduction to textiles in sport 3
R. Shishoo
1.1 Overview 3
1.2 Developments in fibres and textile materials for sportswear 4
1.3 Design considerations in sportswear 7
1.4 Advances in sportswear manufacturing techniques 8
1.5 Sportswear and comfort 9
1.6 Sportswear and protection against impact 11
1.7 Future trends 11
1.8 About the book 13
2 Environmentally conscious fabric selection in sportswear design 17
J. McCann
2.1 Introduction 17
2.2 Performance requirements of fabrics for sportswear 18
2.3 Natural and regenerated fibres 23
2.4 Synthetic fibres 29
2.5 Waterproof fabrics and finishes 35
2.6 Wearable electronics 36
2.7 New approaches in corporate social responsibility 38
2.8 Conclusion—the need for clear certification 45
2.9 Sources of further information and advice 50
References 51
3 Recent developments in elastic fibers and yarns for sportswear 53
J. Hu, J. Lu
3.1 Introduction 53
3.2 Elastomeric fibers in sportswear 53
3.3 Elastomeric yarns in sportswear 59
3.4 Elastomeric fabrics in sportswear 63
3.5 Applications of elastomeric fiber and yarns in sportswear 71
3.6 Future trends 73
3.7 Sources of further information and advice 73
3.8 Conclusion 74
References 74
4 Biomimetic approach to the design of textiles for sportswear applications 77
V. Kapsali
4.1 Introduction 77
4.2 Biomimetic textiles for sportswear 79
4.3 The future 92
References 92
5 Knitting technology for seamless sportswear 95
O. Troynikov, C. Watson
5.1 Introduction 95
5.2 The manufacturing pipeline of sport garments 95
5.3 Requirements for sport garments and their engineering 99
5.4 Methods of manufacturing knitted sport garments 103
5.5 Application of seamless technologies in sportswear 109
5.6 Conclusions and future trends 114
5.7 Sources of further information 115
References 116
6 Joining techniques for sportswear 119
J. McLoughlin, S. Hayes
6.1 Introduction 119
6.2 Specific requirements and solutions for sportswear 119
6.3 Advances in non-traditional fabric joining technologies and future trends 143
6.4 Conclusions 147
References 148
Further readings 148

Part Two Sportswear for performance and protection 151
7 Physiological strain and comfort in sports clothing 153
H. Daanen
7.1 Introduction 153
7.2 Physiological strain in sports 153
7.3 Thermal strain indicators 159
7.4 Comfort and discomfort, thermal sensation, and wetness 160
7.5 Sport textiles and clothing in relation to heat loss and sweat 161
7.6 Future trends 164
7.7 Conclusion 166
7.8 Sources of further information 166
References 166
8 Wearable sensors for sports performance 169
S. Lam Po Tang
8.1 Introduction 169
8.2 Assisting sports performance 170
8.3 Requirements for wearable sensors 173
8.4 Types of wearable sensors 175
8.5 Potential and commercial applications in sportswear 186
8.6 Challenges 189
8.7 Future trends 190
8.8 Conclusion 192
References 192
9 Cold weather sports clothing 197
R.M. Rossi
9.1 Introduction 197
9.2 Heat exchange mechanisms and heat balance 197
9.3 Thermal insulation properties of fabrics 199
9.4 Overall performance of cold weather sportswear 204
9.5 Future trends 207
9.6 Conclusions/outlook 208
References 208
10 Protective headgear for sports 213
T.E. Gould, S.G. Piland, D.E. Krzeminski, J.W. Rawlins
10.1 Introduction 213
10.2 Characterization of sports helmet components and materials 216
10.3 Characterization of sports helmet materials 224
10.4 Safety considerations 235
10.5 Future directions 237
10.6 Sources of further information and advice 240
Acknowledgments 242
References 242
11 Sportswear for snow sports 245
T. Bechtold, B. Caven, T. Wright
11.1 Introduction 245
11.2 Textiles in recreational snow sports: material considerations 248
11.3 Textiles in competitive snow sports 253
11.4 Textile-based structures in snow sports equipment 258
11.5 Safety in snow sports 260
11.6 Designing for the future 263
11.7 Conclusions 263
Acknowledgements 264
References 264
Index 267

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