Intelligent Textiles and Clothing for Ballistic and NBC Protection Edited by Paul Kiekens and Sundaresan Jayaraman

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Intelligent Textiles and Clothing for Ballistic and NBC Protection: Technology at the Cutting Edge
Edited by Paul Kiekens and Sundaresan Jayaraman
Intelligent Textiles and Clothing for Ballistic and NBC Protection

Contents
1 The Engineering Design of Intelligent
Protective Textiles and Clothing ............................................................ 1
Sungmee Park and Sundaresan Jayaraman
2 Wearable Optical Chemical Sensors ..................................................... 29
Aleksandra Lobnik
3 Textiles and Microbes ............................................................................. 53
Jean Freney and François N.R. Renaud
4 Assessment of the Coupled Heat and Mass Transfer
Through Protective Garments Using Manikins
and Other Advanced Measurement Devices......................................... 83
René M. Rossi and Agnes Psikuta
5 Heat Strain in Personal Protective Clothing:
Challenges and Intervention Strategies ................................................ 99
T.M. McLellan and H.A.M. Daanen
6 Smart Textiles: An Overview ................................................................. 119
Lieva Van Langenhove, Carla Hertleer, and Anne Schwarz
7 Innovative 3D Textile Structures for Soft Body
Armor Protection: The EPIDARM Project .......................................... 137
Jérôme Maillet, Marie Lefebvre, François Boussu,
and Marc Pirlot
8 Activated Natural Zeolites on Textiles:
Protection from Radioactive Contamination ........................................ 157
A.M. Grancaric, I. Prlic, A. Tarbuk, and G. Marovic
9 Developments in Decontamination Technologies
of Military Personnel and Equipment ................................................... 177
Utkarsh R. Sata and Seshadri S. Ramkumar
10 Nanomaterials for Defense Applications ............................................... 197
Uday Turaga, Vinitkumar Singh, Muralidhar Lalagiri,
Paul Kiekens, and Seshadri S. Ramkumar
Index ........................................................................................................ 219

Preface
This Advanced Study Institute was organized to fi ll the need to bring together experts from several parts of the world to make a critical assessment of existing knowledge in the area of defense-related textiles and clothing for ballistic and NBC-protection and to identify the needs for future research into these materials and products.

The Advanced Study Institute brought together eminent scientists and engineers and gave young researchers the opportunity to closely interact with the invited experts. A remarkable fact was the rather high participation of industry in the ASI. It is indicative of the interest in this fast developing fi eld, expected to lead to interesting collaborative research opportunities.

This book contains the papers of the most important speakers at the ASI. As can be seen, the variety of themes is interesting. It also shows the multidisciplinary nature of the ASI and areas in which future research will be performed. Protective clothing has appearance and performance characteristics which sharply contrast with those of about 10 years ago. For the next 10 years, cutting edge research will lead to even more changes that hardly anybody is able to foresee today. That change will be the result of the accelerated introduction of smart (electronic) technology in textiles and clothing, the application of nanotechnology including electrospinning and biotechnology, and the use of sophisticated testing by applying (physiological) mannequins and advanced modelling.

As co-directors, we would like to express our sincere thanks and appreciation to all who contributed to the success of the ASI: to NATO for the generous grant, to the fellow members of the organizing committee, viz., Prof. H.A.M. Daanen (TNO, the Netherlands), Dr. T. McLellan (Defense R&D, Canada) and Dr. S. Ramkumar (Texas Tech University, USA). Many thanks goes to Mrs Els Van der Burght (Ghent University, Department of Textiles) for the general logistics of the whole ASI and to Mrs Noëlla Van Reepingen, the wife of Prof. Kiekens (co-director) for playing a magnifi cent role as a host lady contributing to the overall friendly and enjoyable atmosphere of the ASI.

The organizers are very proud of having had the chance to welcome several distinguished guests during the opening session on Tuesday, April 6. The Ministry of Science and Education and the Ministry of Defense of Croatia were present.The Universities of Zagreb and Split sent their highest delegates. Also, the city of Split and Split-Dalmatian County sent their Excellencies. A word of thanks is expressed for the presence of Prof. Darko Ujevic, Dean (University of Zagreb) and to Prof. Paul Van Cauwenberge, Rector (Ghent University, Belgium) who opened the ASI. Thanks to many others who contributed, but who are not mentioned here.

Last but not least, we have to thank Prof. S. Jayaraman (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA) for preparing this book for publication.


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