Interior Textiles: Design and Developments Edited by T. Rowe

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Interior Textiles: Design and Developments
Edited by T. Rowe
Interior Textiles: Design and Developments

Contents
Contributor contact details x
Woodhead Publishing in Textiles xiii

Part I Fundamental principles of interior textiles 1
1 Natural fibres for interior textiles 3
R. Kozlowski, A. Kicin´ ska-Jakubowska, and
M. Muzyczek, Institute of Natural Fibres, Poland
1.1 Introduction: Basic principles of fibres, yarns and fabrics 3
1.2 Main types and characteristics of natural fibres as
raw materials for the production of natural textiles 6
1.3 Interior applications 21
1.4 Future trends 31
1.5 Sources of further information and advice 33
1.6 References 35
2 Synthetic fi bres for interior textiles 39
R. Milašius and V. Jonaitiene . , Kaunas University of
Technology, Lithuania
2.1 Introduction 39
2.2 Polyamides 39
2.3 Polyester 41
2.4 Polypropylene 42
2.5 Polyethylene 43
2.6 Acrylic fi bres 44
2.7 Flame resistant fi bres 44
2.8 Sources of further information and advice 45
3 The use of knitted, woven and nonwoven fabrics in interior textiles 47
S. J. Kadolph, Iowa State University, USA
3.1 Introduction 47
3.2 Knitted fabrics 49
3.3 Weft knits 51
3.4 Warp knits 52
3.5 Lace 57
3.6 Weaving fabrics 57
3.7 Structure of woven fabrics 61
3.8 Plain woven fabrics 61
3.9 Twill woven fabrics 66
3.10 Satin woven fabrics 68
3.11 Fancy woven fabrics 69
3.12 Double cloth woven fabrics 73
3.13 Pile woven fabrics 74
3.14 Triaxial woven fabrics 78
3.15 Nonwoven structures 78
3.16 Fiberfi ll 82
3.17 Down and feathers 83
3.18 Felt 83
3.19 Leather, suede and fur 84
3.20 Future trends 88
3.21 Sources of further information and advice 89
3.22 Bibliography 89
4 Surface design of fabrics for interior textiles 91
T. Das, Dicitex Decor Pvt. Ltd., India
4.1 Introduction 91
4.2 Fabric surface design – Its significance in interior textiles 92
4.3 Textile design – A historical perspective 93
4.4 Surface design techniques (I) – Dyeing 97
4.5 Surface design techniques (II) – Printing 102
4.6 Surface design techniques (III) – Creating textures 107
4.7 Surface design techniques (IV) – Embellishing fabrics 108
4.8 Technological advancement 110
4.9 The role of designers, trend forecasters and trade fairs 111
4.10 The future of design for interior textiles 113
4.11 Sources of further information and advice 117
4.12 References 118
4.13 Bibliography 118
5 The use of textiles in carpets and fl oor
coverings 119
D. Whitefoot, The Carpet Foundation, UK
5.1 The role of textiles in fl oor coverings 119
5.2 Residential use 119
5.3 Commercial use 120
5.4 Carpet properties 121
5.5 Types of textiles used as fl oor coverings 124
5.6 Methods of carpet construction 130
5.7 Future trends 135
5.8 Sources of further information and advice 136

Part II Developments in interior textiles 139
6 Advances in joining fabrics for the furniture industry 141
E. Strazdiene, Kaunas University of Technology,
Lithuania
6.1 Introduction 141
6.2 Principles and types of joining methods 142
6.3 Technological advances 156
6.4 Future developments and applications 162
6.5 References 165
7 Environmental issues in interior textiles 169
L. Tucker, Virginia Tech, USA
7.1 Introduction 169
7.2 Key environmental issues 169
7.3 Textile certification programs 172
7.4 Types of sustainable and recycled textiles used for interiors 174
7.5 Applications/examples 176
7.6 Future trends 176
7.7 Sources of further information and advice 178
7.8 References 179
8 The role of textiles in indoor environmental pollution: Problems and solutions 180
L. Nussbaumer, South Dakota State University, USA
8.1 Introduction 180
8.2 Concerns for indoor environmental pollution 181
8.3 Problems with textiles and methods of minimizing pollution through textiles 184
8.4 Applications/examples 189
8.5 Future trends 202
8.6 Sources of further information and advice 204
8.7 References 206
9 Developments in fl ame retardants for interior materials and textiles 211
S. Posner, Swerea IVF, Sweden
9.1 Introduction 211
9.2 General characteristics of fl ame retardant chemicals 214
9.3 Flame retardants used in textiles 221
9.4 Flame retardant fi llers 224
9.5 Future developments in fl ame retardant chemicals 226
9.6 References 227
10 Fire testing of upholstered furniture – current and future methods 229
C. M. Fleischmann, University of Canterbury,
New Zealand
10.1 Introduction 229
10.2 The role of upholstered furniture and mattresses in fi res 230
10.3 Description of the burning behaviour of upholstered furniture 231
10.4 Standard test methods for upholstered furniture and mattresses 238
10.5 Future test methods 245
10.6 Strategies for reducing the fire threat of upholstered furniture 247
10.7 Modelling of furniture fi res 249
10.8 Sources of further information and advice 254
10.9 Nomenclature 255
10.10 References 255
11 Innovative textiles for seating 258
A. Büsgen, Niederrhein University of Applied Sciences,
Germany
11.1 Introduction 258
11.2 Potential of innovative textiles for seating 259
11.3 Spacer fabrics for climatisation and comfortable softness 260
11.4 Smart textiles for seating 265
11.5 Seamless 3D shaped fabrics for seating 268
11.6 Sources of further information and advice 271
11.7 References 272
Index 274

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