Medical and Healthcare Textiles Edited by S. C. hand, J. F. Kennedy, M. Miraftab and S. Rajendran

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Medical and Healthcare Textiles
Edited by S. C. hand, J. F. Kennedy, M. Miraftab and S. Rajendran

CONTENTS
Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles
Preface

PART I INFECTION CONTROL AND BARRIER MATERIALS
Infedion control and barrier materirrls: an overview
S Rajendran, University of Bolton, UK
- Introduction
- Wound infection
- Hospital protective materials
- Bibliography
Antimicrobial properties of silvercontaining chitosan fibers
Y Qin and C Zhu, % Biochemical Materials Research and Development Cenlre, China
- Introduction
- Experimental
- Results and discussion
- Conclusions
- References
Copperimpregnated anthkmbial textiles: an innovative weapon to fight infeetion
G Borkow, A Felix and J Gabbay, Cupron Inc, USA 14
- Copper as a biocide -
- Clinical studies
- Discussion
- References
Incorporation of copper oxide into natural and synthetic fibres
Biocidal properties of fabrics containing copper oxide
A review of the role of microwaves in the destruction of pathogenic bacteria
A S Lamb and E Siores, University of Bolton, UK
- Microwave interactions with materials
- - Flowcytometry
- Concluding remarks
- References
Fixed ftequency microwave interactions with bacteria
Work carried out at the University of Bolton
Antimicrobial bioactive band-aids with prolonged and controlled action
P Shndric, L Simovic, M Kostic, A Medovic, KMilosevic and S Dimitrijevic,
University of Belgrade, Serbia
- Introduction
- ~ Experimental
- Experimental results and discussion
- Conclusion
- References
Comparison of antimicrobial textile treatments
E Smith, J T Williams, S E Walsh and P Painter, De Monij4orf University, UK
- Introduction - Materials and methods
- Results and discussion - Conclusions
- References 38
Evaluation of plasma-deposited anti-adhedive and anti-bacterial coatings on
medid textiles 48
A J Paul, F Bretagnol, G Buyle, C Colin, 0 Lepanc and H Rauscher, CSM Ltd, UK - Plasma treatment of textiles
- X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS)
- References
Time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToFSIMS)
Controlling the spread of infections in hospital wards by the use of
antimicrobials on medical textiles and surfaces
W C White, AEGIS Environmental Management, USA. R. BellJield, Carrington
Career and Workwear Ltd, U .J Ellis, Devan-PPT Chemicals Ltd UK and
Ir P Vandendaele, Devan Chemicals W, Belgium
- Introduction - Microorganisms
- Antimicrobials
- Organohctional silane antimicrobial technology -
- Potentialuses
- Hospital blankets
- Nonwoven surgical drapes
- Wound care silk dressings
- Uniforms
- Siliconerubber -
- summary
- References
Verification techniques and safety profile
- carpeting
Case study: the Arthur G. James Cancer Center Hospital and Research Institute
Inherenth antimicrobial alchite fibres developed for wound care applications
MMiraftab, C Iwu, C Okoro and G Smart, University of Bolton, UK
- Introduction
- Production methodology
- Results and discussions
- Conclusions
- References
Antimicrobial textilea for health and hygiene applications based on eeo-friendly
M Joshi, R Purwar and S W Ali, Indian Institute of Technology, India and
S Rajedan, University of Bolton, UK
natural products 84
- Introduction
- Conclusion
- References
Natural antimicrobial agents for textile substrates
Antimicrobial finishing of textiles based on neem extract
Investigation of the filtration properties of medical masks
MAkulin, I Usta, D Kocak and MS Ozen, Marmara Universiw, Turkey
- Introduction
- Materials and method
- Results - Conclusion
- References
Lint release charncteristia of nonwoven wipes
V K Kothari and R Loganathan, Indian Institute of Technology, India
- Introduction
- Design of measurement apparatus - Materials and methods
- Results and discussion
- Conclusions
Development of antimicrobial polyester uskg neem extract
S Wazed Ali, B Gupta and M Joshi, Indian Institute of Technology, India
- Introduction
- Methods
- Results and discussion
- Conclusion
- References
- Materials
Fixation of cationic antibacterial products before dyeing: a more
ecological process
R V Vieira, J G Santos, G A4 B Soares and J I N R Comes, University of
Minho, Portugal
- Introduction
- Experimental
- Results and discussion - Conclusions
- References
Preliminary studies into wash-fast antimicrobial treatments of polyester
0 Hawk NAllen, G C Lees, H Rowe and J Verran, Manchester
Me fropolitan University, UK
- Introduction
- Background
- Methodology
- Results
- Futurework
- References
Emyme-catalysed coupling of functional antioxidan@ onto protein fibres
S JUT and G MGuebitz, Technical University of Graz, Austria and V Kokol,
University of Maribor, Slovenia 126
- InttOdUCtiOn
- Materials and methods
- Results and discussion
- Conclusions - References

PART II HEALTHCARE AND HYGIENE PRODUCTS
Healthcare and hygiene products: an overview
S C Anand, University of Bolton, UK
- Introduction - Recentadvances
- References
Cellulosic materials for odor and pH control
J K Dutkiewicz, Buckeye Technologies Inc, USA - Introduction
- Experimentalmodel
- Ammonia emission studies
- FreshcomfortTMte chnology
- Conclusions
- References
Development of a high-absorbent sanitary napkin
A Das, V K Kothari and S Makhva, Indian Institute of Technology, India
- Introduction
- Results and discussions
- Conclusions
- References
- Experimental
Retention of anionic rurlactmt following garment handering and its potential
effect on dermatitis suffererr 156
H D Rowe, Manchester Metropolitan University, UK
- Introduction
- Experimental
- Results
- Discussion
- Conclusions
- References
Preparation of protective disposable hygiene fabric8 for medical appIications
MMontazer, Amirkabir University of Technology, Iran, F Rangchi, Tehran Azad
University, Iran and F Siavoshi, Tehran Universi& Iran - introduction – Experimental
- References
Development of surgical clothing from bamboo fibres
K Ramachandralu, PSG College of Technologv, India
- Introduction
- Materials and methods
- Results and discussions
- Conclusions - References 171
Thermal characterization and mechanical properties of PLA yam
A MManich, MMarti and R MSauri, Spanish Council for Scientijk Research,
Spain, D Cayuela, Technical University of Catalonia, Spain and M USS+
Universidade da Beira Interior, Portugal 181
- Introduction
- Materials
- Methods
- Results
- Discussion and conclusions
- References

PART III WOUND CARE MATERIALS
Wound care materials: an overview
M Mirajlab, University of Bolton, UK
- Introduction
- References
Wounds: natural healing mechanisms versus wound care materials
Review of papers on wound w e materials
Controlled drug release from nanofibrona polyester materials
M J Bide, University of Rhode Island, USA, M D Phaneuf and T M Phaneuf;
BioSurfaces, USA and P JBrown, Clemson University, USA
- Introduction
- Experimental
- Results
- Conclusions
- References
Development of odour (volatile molecule) adsorbent materials for healthcare
G Lee, S C Anand and S Rajendran, University of Bolton, UK and I Walker,
Lantor (VK) Ltd, UK
- Introduction
- Odour adsorbent materials
- Experimental work
- Results
- Conclusions
- References
Development of a decision support system for determination of suitable dressings for wounds 215
K G Karthick and M Miraftab, University of Bolton, UK and JAshton, Bolton
Primary Care Trust, UK - Introduction
- Research amongst nursing staff -
- Expert systems in medicine -
- Conclusion
- References
The need for a decision support system
Decision support system for wound dressing selection
Treatment of cotton fabria with ethyl cellulose dcrocapsulea
R Badulescu, University of Ploiesti, Romania and B Voncina, V Vivod and D Jausovec,
University of Maribor, Slovenia 226
- Introduction
- Experimental
- Results and discussion
- Conclusions
- References
Measuring interface pressure in compression garments for barns patients
E Maklewska, A Navrocki, K Kowalski and W Tmowski, Institute
of Knitting Technology and Techniques, Poland 236
- Introduction
- Investigation methods
- Testmaterial
- Test results and discussion
- Conclusions
- References
Psyllium: current and future applications
R Mmood and MMiraftab, University of Bolton, UK
- Introduction
- The psyllium plant
- Traditional food applications
- Physiochemical properties of psyllium - Recent medical application of psyllium
- Other applications of psyllium
- Conclusions
- References
- History

PART IV BANDAGING AND PRESSURE GARMENTS
Bandaging and pressure garments: an overview
S C A& University of Bolton, UK
- Introduction
- Causes of venous disorders
-
- Classification of compression bandages -
- Single-layer compression bandages
- References
Factors which determine sub-bandage pressure
Recent advances in compression therapy
Biomaterials with controlled elasticity for post-operation recovery 263
M Carmen and E Alexandra, The National Institute for Textile and Leather, Romania
- Introduction
- Testing methods -
- Conclusions
- References
Testing cytotoxicity and sensitizing potential
Results: sensitizing and irritation potential
A study of the pressure profde of compression bandager, and compression
garments for treatment of venous leg ulcers
MSikkq S Ghosh andA Mukhopadlyqy, National Institute of Technology, India - Introduction
- Materials
- Results and discussion
- Conclusions
- References
- Method 272
Development of threedm ensional structures for singlelayer compression therapy
S Rajendran and S C Anand, University of Bolton, UK 279
- Introduction
- - Compression systems
- Problems with current bandages
- 3D compression bandages
- Materials and methods
- Results and discussion
- summary
- References
The treatment of venous leg ulcers
Intermittent pneumatic compression and bandaging: the effects of external
pressure applied over bandaging 293
S Rithalia and A4 Leyden, University of Salford, UK - Introduction
- Methods and materials
- Results
- Conclusions
- References
Physiological effects of Lycra@p ressure garments on children with cerebd palsy
JAttard Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, UK and S Rithalia, University of
Salford, UK
- Introduction
- Cerebralpalsy
- ~ynami~c ycra@pre ssure garments -
- Method
- Results
- Discussion
- Conclusions
- References
Aims and objectives of study
Empirical modelling of elastic properties of pressure garments for healthcare
S Pereira, S C Anand and S Rajendran, University of Bolton, UK and C Wood,
BaltexLtd, UK
309
- Introduction - Experimental - Results and discussion
- Conclusions - References
Investigation of elastic properties of multhxid warp knitted bandages
MAkalin, D KoFak, S I Mistik and M Uzun, Marmara University, Turkey - Introduction
- Materials and methods - Results
- Conclusions
- References
PART V IMPLANTABLE MATERIALS
Implantable materials: an overview
S Rqjendran, University of Bolton, UK
- Introduction
- vasculargrafts
- Kneeimplants
- Meshgrafts
- SCafTOlds
- Bibliography
Designing vena cava 6ltera with textile structure9 334
J Yoon and M W King, North Carolina State University, USA and E Johnson,
Crux Biomedical Inc, USA
- Introduction -
- Discussion
- Conclusion
- References
Application of polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) as a biomaterial in medical
textiles 342
S Houis and T Gries, R WTH Aachen University, Germany, E M Engelhardt and
F Wurm, Ecole Polytechnique Fkdkrale de Lausanne, Switzerland - Introduction
- Stateoftheart
- Production of medical textiles -
- Conclusion
- References
Projects using PVDF for medical applications
Textile scaffolds for tissue engineering - near future or just vision? 353
D Aibibu, S Houis, M S Harwoko and T Gries, RWTH Aachen Universiv, Germany
- Introduction
- Materials
- Results
- Discussion
- References
Visible invisibility: contamination-aware textile surface8
A Toomey, Royal College of Art, UK
- Introduction
- Infection risks
- Infection control -
- Conclusion
- References
‘Visible invisibility’ contamination aware surfaces 357
Textile medical produ- for the stabilization of the thoracic wall
E Alexandra and M Carmen, The National htitute for Textile and Leather, Romania
and N Alexandru, Victor Babes Medical and Pharmaceutical University, Romania
368
- Introduction
- Experimental
- Clinical experiments
- Results
- Conclusions
- References
Predicting the fatigue performance of endovascular prostheses
H Zhao, L Wang, Y Li andXLiu, Donghua University, China and M W King,
North Carolina State University, USA - Introduction
- Experimental
- Results and discussion
- Conclusions
- References
Integration and embedding of vital signa 8emom and other devices into tatiles
M JAbreu, H Carvalho, A Catarino and A Rocha, Universidade do Mnho, Portugal
381
- Introduction
- Review of the state of the art
- Overview of general principles
- Experimental, results and discussions
- Conclusions
- References
PART M MEDICAL DEVICES
Textilebased medical devices: an overview
J F Kennedy and C J Knill, Chembiotech Laboratories - Institute of Advanced
Science and Technology, UK
391
- References
What is a medical device?
Medical textiles and their applications
Biomaterials used in medical textiles
Design and release rates of a novel biodegradable slow-release implant for the
G J Dunn and A F Fotheringham, Heriot- Watt University, UK
prevention of paediatric dental caries 396
- Introduction
- Materials and methods
- Results and discussion
- Conclusions
- References
Maternity support garment for the relief of lower back pain 404
S Ho, W Yu, T Lao, D Chow, J Chung and Y Li, The Hong Kong Polytechnic
University, Hong Kong
- Introduction
- Studyaims - Study objectives - summary - References
Self-powered medical devicea for vibration suppression
L MSwallow, E Sores, D Dodcis and J K Luo, University of Bolton, UK
- Introduction
- Piezoelectric materials
- Power harvesting - Vibration suppression
- Device overview
- Results - Discussion
- Futurework
- References
Gas plasma treatment of polypropylene (PP) dental tape
J M Warren, R R Mather and D Robson, Heriot- Wan University UK and A Neville,
University of Lee&, UK
- Introduction
- Experimental -
-
- References
423
Surfme characteristics of plasma treated tape
PP tapes as dental flosses
Investigating hetare mechanisms of some non-absorbable sutures in Viva 430
A S Hockenberger and E Karaca, Ul&g Universily, Turkey
- Introduction - Experimental
- Results and discussion
- Conclusion
- References
Wearable microwave radiometry device for early detection of sub-tissue
T Shah and E Siores, University of Bolton, UK
oncological imperfections 437
- Introduction
- Detection of breast cancer
- Microwave radiometry
- Device integration with fabric
- Conclusions
- References
Main types of breast cancer
Microwave radiometer design and testing
Investigation of differences in Caprosyn, Biosyn, Polysorb, Novafil and
A D Erem and E Onder, Istanbul Technical University, Turkey and H H Erem,
GA TA Hayhrpasa Training Hospital, Turkey
surgipm sutures 449
- Introduction
- Method - Results - Conclusions
- References
- Materials
PART W SMART MATERIALS AND TECHNOLOGIES
Smart materials and technologies: an overview
MMiraBab, University of Bolton, UK
-- Introduction
- References
Smart testilea embedded with optical fibre sensors for health monitoring of patienta
F Pirotte, Centexbel, Belgium, A Depre, Elasta, Belgium, R Shishoo, Shishoo
Consulting, Sweden, J De Jonckheere, ITM France and A Grillet, Multitel, Belgium
- Introduction
- OFSETH research project
- Preliminary results
- Conclusions
- References
Integrating contactless sensors for stress level monitoring into clothing using
conductive threads
C Rotsch, D Zschena'erlein and U Mohring, TlTv Greiz, Germany
- Introduction
- References
Conductive thread materials for the integration of textile senson and actuators
Desiguing compressive stmtch garments for improved comfort and fit
PA Watkins, London College of Fashion, UK
- Introduction
- Garment pressure research literature
- Proximal fit pattern design
- References
Traditional pattern design and mobility
- summary
Blun hazard potential, pre-ignition and post-ignition thermal properties of textiles
A W Kolhatkar, J D Instifute of Engineering and Technology, India and
P C Patel, MS University of Baroda, India
- Introduction
- Materials and methods
- Results and discussion
- conclusions
- References
Assessing the performance of alternating pressure ah mattresses (APAMa)
S VS Rithalia and G H Heath, University of Salfrd, UK - Introduction
- Methods and materials
- Results
- Discussion
- References
Smart textiles with slow-release ceramides for sensitive skin
M Marti, R Ramirez and L Coderch, IIQAB (CSIC), Spain and M Lis, J A Navarro
and J Valldeperas, NTEXTER (UPC), Spain - Introduction
- Ceramides fiom wool
- Liposome formation and evaluation
- Application of IWL-ceramide liposomes
- Microencapsulation
- Conclusions
- References
PART Mn INDUSTRY STANDARJJS AND REGULATIONS
Directives,r egnlatio~an d standards for the medical device industry: an overview
C J Knill and J F Kennedy, Chembiotech Laboratories - Institute of Advanced
Science and Technology, UK 519
- Safety/quality standard monitoring
- Biocompatibility testing
- TheDrugTariff
- References
Medical devices in the EU
Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
- CEmarking
Recent changm to the UK Drug Tariff for appliances listed in Part M
G J Collyer, Sumed International Ltd UK
- Introduction -
- The Gershon Review 2004 -
- Conclusions
- References

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