Weaving Preparation Technology by Dr. N. Gokarneshan

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Weaving Preparation Technology
By Dr. N. Gokarneshan
Weaving Preparation Technology

Preface:
This book has been prepared considering the basic need of students of undergraduate and diploma courses in textile technology. The book in structured in a simple way. It is intended for the subject of weaving preparation, which forms the core in the prescribed curriculum of universities and polytechnics in India. Useful data are provided wherever necessary. As there are no text books on the subject that cover all the areas, namely, winding, warping and sizing, the book will be immensely useful for students and is therefore intended to be a basic book on the subject. The unique feature of the book is that it covers every aspect of the subject in a nutshell. Of course, there is always scope for improvement of the quality of the book. Therefore, suggestions from the readers are most certainly welcome. The preparation of the book has been possible not due to my sole effort alone. I wish to thank our beloved Chairman, Sri. Raja.M. Shanmugam, Vice chairmen, Sri. CM.N. MUJ;uganandam, and Sri. T. Thangaraj, for their moral support. I also wish to express my heartfelt gratitude to Prof. V.K. Kothari, of Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi, for having kindly consented to go through the manuscript and give the foreword for the book. Prof. Kothari is a world renowned textile technologist and I therefore deem it a great privilege to include his valuable foreword in my book. I also wish to thank my mentor and guide, Prof. V.subramaniam, for his encouragement and support. My special thanks should also go to my former c?l1eague, Mr. P.Dhanapal and technician Mr. Jaffer Sadiq for their timely assistan.ce in the preparation of the manuscript. Last, but not the least, I thank all those who directly and indirectly helped me with the preparation of the manuscript. I welcome suggestions from the readers for improvement of the book.

Dr. N.Gokarneshan

Foreword:
I am pleased to note that Dr. N.Gokameshan has brought out yet another very useful book. In fact his earlier book on fabric structure and design has proved to be very useful for students of under graduate and diploma courses in textile technology, and therefore has served as a basic book on the subject. The subject of weaving preparation forms the core subject in the textile technology course. Not many books deal with the all the areas related to the subject. It would ideally meet the syllabi requirements of the one of the basic textile technology course. All the important stages of the weaving preparatory process are covered in this book. A number of illustrations are provided so as to give clarity to the reader. The book deals with the basic technological aspects involved at the various stages of yam preparation, namely, winding, warping, sizing, and drawing in. It also highlights the modern developments in the concerned areas. Another interesting feature is the inclusion of micro denier yarns. The last few pages provide the latest industrial norms which would be very useful and informative to the students. AI~e chapters have been well organized and are sufficient at student level. The book besides' being a basic book for textile technology course, will also serve as reference material for fashion/ apparel/ costume design courses. As developments are taking place from time to time, the author needs to update the book accordingly. Also there is a good scope to improve the book regarding the presentation of its contents. I appreciate the efforts taken by the author in bringing out a much needed book on the subject and am sure that it will serve its purpose. I also wish him to write more such useful books that would benefit the student community.

Prof. V K Kothari

Contents:
P ART I - WINDING
1 Fundamental aspects of winding 13
2 Technical aspects of the winding process 20
3 Technical features of a drum winding machine 26
4 Precision winders 45
5 Knotting and Splicing 53
6 Yarn clearing 65
7 Classification of yarn faults 69
8 Technological developments in winding 74
9 Modern automatic cone winding machine 85
10 Defects in wound packages 92
11 Winding of synthetic and blended yarns 99
12 Winding of sewing threads 104
13 Requirements of wound package for dyeing 113
14 Winding on a two for one twister for spun yarns 116
PART II - WARPING
1. Beam warping machine
2. Sectional warping machine
3. Modern developments in warping
4. End breaks and waste in warping
5. Productivity at warping
6. Defects in warper's beams
7. Process control in warping
PART III - SIZING
1. Sizing and its importance
2. Sizing ingredients
3. Sizing paste preparation
4. Techniques of sizing
5. Types of drying 186
6. Special devices in sizing 193
7. Control systems in sizing machines 199
8. Single end sizing 209
9. Sizing of synthetic and blended yarns 213
10. Process control in sizing and sizing faults 220
11. Modern developments in sizing 228
PART IV - DRAWING IN
1. Principles of various machines
PART V - MICRO DENIER Y~RNS
1. Preparation of micro denier yarns
PART VI - BTRA norms in winding, warping, sizing and drawing

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