Knitting for Dummies 3rd Edition PDF by Pam Allen, Shannon Okey, and Tracy Barr

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Knitting for Dummies 3rd Edition
by Pam Allen, Shannon Okey, and Tracy Barr
Knitting for Dummies 3rd Edition

Table of Contents
Introduction.................................................................. 1
About This Book...............................................................................................1
Foolish Assumptions........................................................................................2
Icons Used in This Book..................................................................................3
Beyond the Book..............................................................................................3
Where to Go from Here....................................................................................4
Part I: Getting Started with Knitting.............................. 5
Chapter 1: Two Needles, a Ball of Yarn, and a Little Know-how . 7
Why Knit?...........................................................................................................7
Knitting up good karma.........................................................................8
Inspiring a feeling of accomplishment.................................................8
Keeping your mind and hands occupied............................................. 8
Creating a one-of-a-kind piece...............................................................9
What Knitters Need..........................................................................................9
The tools.................................................................................................. 9
An understanding of the basics..........................................................10
An understanding of knitterese..........................................................11
Teaching Yourself to Knit from a Book........................................................12
Swatching...............................................................................................13
Putting it into practice.........................................................................13
Chapter 2: Tools of the Trade 15
Yearning for Yarn: The (Quick) Consumer’s Guide...................................15
Fixating on fiber fundamentals............................................................16
A weighty matter: Considering yarn weight......................................20
Looking at yarn packaging...................................................................21
Choosing yarn for a project.................................................................25
Selecting Knitting Needles.............................................................................27
Exploring needles.................................................................................27
Sizing them up.......................................................................................29
Accounting for needle makeup and tip type.....................................30
Collecting Gizmos and Gadgets....................................................................31
Stocking up on the essentials..............................................................32
Examining nice-to-have extras............................................................34
Eyeing Blocking Equipment...........................................................................37
Organizing Your Equipment..........................................................................38
Chapter 3: Taking the Mystery Out of Patterns and Gauge . 41
Reading Stitch Patterns.................................................................................41
Deciphering Knitterese: Common abbreviations and shorthand....42
Following written stitch patterns.......................................................45
Reading charted stitch patterns.........................................................47
Gauge: Getting the Size Right........................................................................48
Knowing what affects gauge................................................................50
Making a gauge swatch........................................................................51
Measuring your gauge..........................................................................52
Matching your pattern’s gauge...........................................................53
Designing with gauge in mind.............................................................54
Part II: Knitting Primer................................................ 55
Chapter 4: The Fundamentals: Casting On, Knitting,
Purling, and Binding Off . 57
Casting On.......................................................................................................58
Two-strand (or long-tail) cast-on........................................................58
Cable cast-on (cable co)......................................................................61
Thumb (or e-loop) cast-on...................................................................62
Now You’re Knitting and Purling..................................................................64
Knitting know-how................................................................................65
Perfect purling.......................................................................................68
Knitting and purling, Continental-style..............................................69
Binding (or Casting) Off.................................................................................74
Standard bind-off..................................................................................74
Yarn-over bind-off.................................................................................75
Helpful hints for binding off................................................................76
Chapter 5: Basic Stitches You’ll Use Again and Again 77
Go-To Stitches: Garter, Stockinette, and Seed Stitches.............................77
Garter stitch..........................................................................................78
Stockinette stitch..................................................................................79
Seed stitch.............................................................................................81
Adding Stretch with Ribbed Stitches...........................................................82
1 x 1 ribbing...........................................................................................84
2 x 2 ribbing...........................................................................................84
4 x 2 and 2 x 4 ribbing..........................................................................85
4 x 4 ribbing...........................................................................................86
Chapter 6: Techniques Every Knitter Should Know 87
Slipping Stitches.............................................................................................87
Making a Yarn Over........................................................................................88
Between 2 knit stitches........................................................................89
Between a knit and a purl stitch.........................................................90
Between 2 purl stitches........................................................................90
Between a purl stitch and a knit stitch..............................................91
Twisting Stitches: Knitting through the Back Loop...................................92
Working Increases..........................................................................................93
Bar increase, or knit in front and back..............................................94
Working a make 1..................................................................................95
Knitting into the stitch below..............................................................97
Making a double increase....................................................................98
Increasing at several points in a single row......................................99
Doing Decreases...........................................................................................100
Knitting 2 stitches together...............................................................100
Purling 2 stitches together................................................................101
Slip, slip, knit.......................................................................................102
Pass slipped stitch over.....................................................................103
Making double decreases..................................................................104
Chapter 7: Oops! Fixing Common Mistakes . 107
Stopping Mistakes or Catching Them Early..............................................107
Dealing with Dropped Stitches...................................................................108
Finding and securing a dropped stitch............................................109
Rescuing a dropped stitch in the row below..................................110
Saving a dropped stitch with a crochet hook.................................113
Ripping (Your Heart) Out............................................................................116
Ripping out stitch by stitch...............................................................117
Ripping out row by row.....................................................................117
Chapter 8: Knitting in the Round . 121
Why Going in Circles Can Be a Good Thing..............................................121
Choosing Needles for Circular Knitting.....................................................122
Casting On for Circular Knitting.................................................................123
Joining the Round.........................................................................................124
Joining on a circular needle..............................................................125
Joining on double-pointed needles...................................................125
Tidying up the first and last stitches...............................................126
Working Common Stitches in the Round..................................................126
Using Steeks for a Clean Break....................................................................127
Sewing in a steek.................................................................................127
Crocheting a steek..............................................................................128
Cutting your fabric after you steek...................................................129
Measuring Gauge in the Round...................................................................129
Chapter 9: Practicing with Simple Projects . 131
Everywhere Bag in Garter Stitch................................................................131
Materials and vital statistics.............................................................132
Directions.............................................................................................132
Variations.............................................................................................134
Bias Knit Scarf...............................................................................................136
Materials and vital statistics.............................................................136
Directions.............................................................................................136
Variations.............................................................................................137
Scalloped Scarf..............................................................................................137
Materials and vital statistics.............................................................137
Directions.............................................................................................138
Variations.............................................................................................138
Button Pillow.................................................................................................139
Materials and vital statistics.............................................................139
Directions.............................................................................................139
Variations.............................................................................................140
Mistake Rib Scarf and Fingerless Mitts......................................................140
Materials and vital statistics.............................................................140
Scarf directions...................................................................................141
Fingerless mitts directions................................................................141
Variation..............................................................................................141
Projects Knitted In the Round.....................................................................141
Simple Textured Cowl........................................................................142
Two-way Hat........................................................................................143
Part III: Techniques for the More Experienced Knitter......147
Chapter 10: Adding Interest with Stripes 149
Seeking the Story on Stripes.......................................................................149
Textured Stripes, or How to Stand Out in a Crowd..................................150
Reverse stockinette stitch stripes....................................................151
Garter stitch stripes...........................................................................152
Knitting Colorful Stripes..............................................................................153
Picking colors for your project.........................................................154
Counting rows.....................................................................................154
Joining colors......................................................................................155
Dealing with old colors and loose ends...........................................156
Knitting Stripes in the Round......................................................................158
Stirring Up Stripes: Combining Texture and Color..................................159
Varying your stitch pattern...............................................................159
Making waves......................................................................................160
Striping any which way......................................................................160
Practice Striped Projects.............................................................................160
Bold and Bright Scarf.........................................................................161
Slouchy Hat with Pompom................................................................162
Two-row Striped Shawlette...............................................................165
Chapter 11: Cable Musings and Interesting Twists 167
Cable Basics..................................................................................................168
Twisting to the right or left...............................................................168
Reading cable charts..........................................................................169
Checking gauge in a cable pattern....................................................170
A Cornucopia of Cables...............................................................................171
Standard (rope) cable........................................................................171
Open cable...........................................................................................173
Double cable........................................................................................175
Wave cable...........................................................................................176
Chain cable..........................................................................................177
Honeycomb cable...............................................................................177
Braid cable...........................................................................................178
Varying a cable....................................................................................179
Making Twists...............................................................................................180
Twisting to the right...........................................................................180
Twisting to the left..............................................................................182
Practice Cable Projects................................................................................183
Cable Hat with Pompoms..................................................................183
Horseshoe Cable Hand Warmers......................................................185
Horseshoe Cable Cowl with Buttons................................................187
Chapter 12: Let the Sun Shine In: Knitting Lace . 189
Reading Lace Charts.....................................................................................189
Yarn-over increase and decrease symbols......................................190
No-stitch symbol.................................................................................191
Knitting Different Kinds of Lace..................................................................192
Eyelet patterns....................................................................................194
Open lace patterns.............................................................................195
Faggot lace...........................................................................................198
Incorporating Lace into Other Pieces........................................................199
Lace insertions....................................................................................199
Lace edgings........................................................................................200
Avoiding and Correcting Mistakes When Working Lace Patterns..........200
Finding the error.................................................................................201
Ripping out lace..................................................................................202
Blocking Lace................................................................................................203
Practice Lace Projects.................................................................................203
Scarf with Faggot Lace.......................................................................203
Lace Leaf Shawl...................................................................................204
Simple Eyelet Lace Market Bag.........................................................205
Chapter 13: Fair Isle and Intarsia Techniques . 209
Knitting Fair Isle............................................................................................209
Charting the Fair Isles........................................................................210
General rules for successful Fair Isle knitting.................................213
One-handed or two? Ways to work Fair Isle....................................214
Managing the back: Catching floats..................................................217
Painting with Yarn: Getting into Intarsia...................................................219
Charting intarsia.................................................................................220
Knitting intarsia..................................................................................220
Using intarsia in motifs......................................................................222
Ending the Ends............................................................................................222
Weaving as you go: The quick method............................................223
Weaving in later: The slow method..................................................223
Practice Projects...........................................................................................223
Hit the Slopes Headband...................................................................224
Fair Isle Leg Warmers.........................................................................226
Intarsia Tooth Fairy Pillow................................................................228
Chapter 14: Fulling Fun: Making Your Project’s Presence Felt 231
Distinguishing between Fulling and Felting...............................................232
Creating the Right Conditions to Full Knitted Fabric...............................232
Finding a fulling-friendly project.......................................................232
Choosing your fiber............................................................................233
Getting the right fabric gauge...........................................................234
Controlling water temperature, soap, agitation, and time............235
The Fulling Experience: How to Full...........................................................236
Hand fulling..........................................................................................236
Machine fulling....................................................................................237
Practice Fulling Projects..............................................................................239
Fulled Cabled Bag In-the-Round........................................................239
Fulled Scarf in Horseshoe Lace.........................................................241
Part IV: Making Knitted Garments.............................. 243
Chapter 15: Anatomy of a Sweater Pattern . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .245
Picture This: Studying the Garment Photo...............................................245
Assessing the Pattern at a Glance..............................................................246
How hard is “easy”? Level of difficulty.............................................247
How big is “big”? Knitted measurements........................................247
Materials..............................................................................................248
Gauge....................................................................................................249
Special pattern stitches.....................................................................249
Schematics and charts.......................................................................250
Knitting instructions...........................................................................252
Finishing...............................................................................................252
Chapter 16: How to Knit a Sweater, Step by Step . 253
Gathering Your Materials............................................................................254
A good pattern....................................................................................254
Yarn......................................................................................................254
Knitting needles..................................................................................255
Other supplies to have handy...........................................................255
Before You Cast On......................................................................................256
Step 1: Pick a size................................................................................256
Step 2: Find your gauge......................................................................257
Knitting . . . at Last!.......................................................................................258
Knitting the back.................................................................................259
Knitting the front................................................................................263
Putting the front and back together.................................................264
Knitting sleeves...................................................................................264
The Big Picture: Keeping Track of Where You Are..................................267
Chapter 17: Getting It Together: Blocking and
Assembling Your Pieces 269
Tying Up Loose Ends....................................................................................270
Weaving ends up the sides................................................................270
Weaving the ends horizontally.........................................................272
Weaving ends into a bound-off edge................................................273
Better Blocking.............................................................................................275
Getting your blocking equipment together.....................................276
Steam, dunk, or spray? Deciding which blocking method to use.... 276
Wet blocking........................................................................................277
Spray blocking.....................................................................................281
Steam blocking....................................................................................281
Three-dimensional blocking..............................................................282
Basic Techniques for Joining Pieces..........................................................282
Three-needle bind-off (head to head)..............................................283
Grafting stitches (the Kitchener stitch)...........................................286
Mattress stitch....................................................................................290
Sewing seams with backstitch..........................................................292
Determining the Order of Sweater Assembly...........................................294
Joining back to front at the shoulder...............................................295
Attaching a sleeve to a sweater body..............................................295
Making side and sleeve seams..........................................................297
Chapter 18: Finishing Touches: Neckbands, Edging,
Buttonholes, and More . 299
Picking Up Stitches to Knit..........................................................................299
Picking up stitches along a horizontal edge....................................300
Picking up stitches on a vertical edge..............................................301
Picking up stitches on a diagonal or curved edge..........................302
Picking up: A reality check................................................................303
Bring on the Bands.......................................................................................304
Bottoms up! Vertical bands...............................................................304
Horizontal picked-up bands..............................................................305
Hole in One: Buttonholes.............................................................................307
All-purpose horizontal buttonhole...................................................307
Simple vertical buttonhole................................................................309
Round (eyelet) buttonhole................................................................311
Button Up!......................................................................................................312
Plotting button placement.................................................................312
So happy together: Keeping your buttons buttoned.....................313
Sewing on buttons..............................................................................313
Chapter 19: Starter Garments 315
Women’s Easy Top-Down Raglan...............................................................315
Materials and vital statistics.............................................................316
Directions.............................................................................................317
Finishing...............................................................................................319
Baby’s Layette: Cardigan, Booties, Hat, and Blanket...............................319
Cardigan...............................................................................................319
Booties.................................................................................................322
Hat.........................................................................................................323
Blanket.................................................................................................324
Chunky Cabled Vest with Hood or Collar..................................................325
Materials and vital statistics.............................................................326
Special stitches...................................................................................326
Stitch patterns.....................................................................................326
Directions.............................................................................................328
Finishing...............................................................................................331
Option: Hood.......................................................................................331
Option: Ribbed Collar.........................................................................332
Variations.............................................................................................333
Part V: The Part of Tens............................................. 335
Chapter 20: Ten Quick Knitting Projects and Gifts 337
Large-Gauge Wrist Warmers.......................................................................337
Materials..............................................................................................337
Directions.............................................................................................338
Log Cabin Swatch Potholder.......................................................................338
Materials..............................................................................................338
Directions.............................................................................................338
Swatch Scarf..................................................................................................339
Materials..............................................................................................339
Directions.............................................................................................339
Braided Novelty Yarn Scarf.........................................................................340
Materials..............................................................................................340
Directions.............................................................................................340
Knit Journal...................................................................................................341
Materials..............................................................................................341
Directions.............................................................................................341
Recycled Sweater Mittens...........................................................................342
Materials..............................................................................................342
Directions.............................................................................................342
Thrift Store Sweater Bag..............................................................................343
Materials..............................................................................................343
Directions.............................................................................................343
Drink Cozy.....................................................................................................344
Materials..............................................................................................344
Directions.............................................................................................344
Felted Checkbook Cover..............................................................................345
Knitted Flower Pin........................................................................................345
Materials..............................................................................................346
Directions.............................................................................................346
Chapter 21: Ten Unkinking Exercises for Knitters 347
Five Ways to Slough Stress from Your Shoulders and Arms..................347
Five Ways to Relax Your Hands and Wrists..............................................348
Part VI: Appendixes................................................... 351
Appendix A: More Stitches and Cool Effects . 353
Moss Stitch....................................................................................................353
Double Seed Stitch.......................................................................................354
Basketweave Stitch.......................................................................................354
Double Basket Pattern.................................................................................356
Twisted Rib and Garter Stitch Check.........................................................357
Ripple Stitch..................................................................................................358
Diamond Brocade.........................................................................................359
Guernsey Knit-Purl Pattern.........................................................................360
Bobbles..........................................................................................................361
Chevron.........................................................................................................362
Fancy Ribs.....................................................................................................363
Mistake stitch ribbing........................................................................363
Interrupted rib....................................................................................364
Diagonal ribbing..................................................................................365
Fisherman’s rib...................................................................................366
Appendix B: Knitting Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .367
Online Resources..........................................................................................367
Beginner websites...............................................................................368
Yarn, supplies, patterns, and more..................................................368
Online audiobooks and technique demonstrations.......................368
Software.........................................................................................................369
Magazines......................................................................................................369
Index........................................................................ 371


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