Knitting Patterns for Dummies PDF by Kristi Porter

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Knitting Patterns for Dummies
by Kristi Porter
Knitting Patterns for Dummies

Table of Contents
Introduction .................................................................................1
About This Book.........................................................................................................................1
Conventions Used in This Book ...............................................................................................2
Foolish Assumptions .................................................................................................................2
How This Book Is Organized.....................................................................................................3
Part I: The Nuts and Bolts (or Sticks and String) of Knitting......................................3
Part II: A Primer on Stitches and Color..........................................................................3
Part III: Patterns with Rectangles and Related Shapes................................................4
Part IV: Patterns with Circles, Triangles, and More.....................................................4
Part V: The Part of Tens...................................................................................................5
Appendix ...........................................................................................................................5
Icons Used in This Book............................................................................................................5
Where to Go from Here..............................................................................................................5
Part I: The Nuts and Bolts (or Sticks and String) of Knitting...........7
Chapter 1: The Right Stuff: Knitting Supplies ....................................................................9
Unraveling the Basics of Yarn...................................................................................................9
Checking out different types of packaging....................................................................9
Reading a yarn label.......................................................................................................10
Choosing the right yarn for the job .............................................................................11
Determining how much yarn you need .......................................................................13
Getting to the Point of Needles ..............................................................................................15
Looking at different kinds of needles...........................................................................15
Understanding needle sizes ..........................................................................................16
Filling Your Knitting Bag with Other Gadgets.......................................................................17
Measuring tools ..............................................................................................................18
Markers and holders......................................................................................................18
Tools for keeping track of your knitting ......................................................................19
Finishing tools.................................................................................................................20
Chapter 2: Gauge Your Success.........................................................................................21
Calculating Gauge for Any Project .........................................................................................21
How Tense Are You? Tips for Knitting to the Right Gauge .................................................22
Relaxing with your knitting ...........................................................................................23
Switching needles if your gauge is off..........................................................................23
Swatching Before You Begin a New Project ..........................................................................24
Making your swatch.......................................................................................................24
Measuring your swatch .................................................................................................25
Practicing different gauges in a single swatch ...........................................................27
Checking Your Gauge throughout a Project .........................................................................28
When to check your gauge............................................................................................28
How to check your gauge..............................................................................................28
Examining the Drapes of Different Gauges ...........................................................................29
Chapter 3: Do You Measure Up? Size Matters ................................................................31
Deciphering a Pattern’s Size Information..............................................................................31
The kinds of size information in a pattern ..................................................................32
The sizing conventions in this book ............................................................................32
Measuring Yourself ..................................................................................................................33
Knowing What Size You Should Knit .....................................................................................34
Focusing on essential fit considerations.....................................................................35
Factoring in ease ............................................................................................................35
Trying the “favorite sweater” technique if you’re still unsure about size ..............35
Chapter 4: Break the Code: Reading Patterns .................................................................37
Deciphering Knitroglyphics....................................................................................................37
Understanding common terms and abbreviations ....................................................37
Following a repeating pattern.......................................................................................40
Reading charts and symbolcraft ..................................................................................40
Try Before You Buy! Spot-Checking Patterns .......................................................................44
Are all the parts there? ..................................................................................................44
Do you understand the directions?..............................................................................45
Does the pattern come in your size and style? ..........................................................45
Part II: A Primer on Stitches and Color .........................................47
Chapter 5: The Simplest Stitches.......................................................................................49
Starting with Garter Stitch ......................................................................................................49
Knitting and Purling Stockinette Stitch .................................................................................50
Mixing It Up with Reverse Stockinette Stitch .......................................................................51
Staying Simple with Seed Stitch .............................................................................................52
Creating Box Stitch ..................................................................................................................53
Working Half Linen Stitch........................................................................................................53
Chapter 6: Stitches that Look Tricky but Aren’t...............................................................55
Lining Up with Ribs..................................................................................................................55
1 x 1 rib ............................................................................................................................57
2 x 2 rib ............................................................................................................................57
4 x 2 rib ............................................................................................................................58
Broken rib........................................................................................................................58
Two-stitch rib..................................................................................................................59
Twisting Away with Cables .....................................................................................................60
Two-stitch twist ..............................................................................................................61
Four-stitch cables...........................................................................................................62
Six-stitch cables..............................................................................................................63
Horseshoe cable.............................................................................................................64
Wave cable and chain cable..........................................................................................65
Seeing Through Your Knitting with Lace ..............................................................................67
Yarn overs .......................................................................................................................67
Common decreases used in lace ..................................................................................68
Double decreases ...........................................................................................................69
Other essential lace know-how.....................................................................................70
Openwork........................................................................................................................70
Feather and fan...............................................................................................................71
Climbing vine lace ..........................................................................................................72
Arrowhead lace...............................................................................................................73
Chapter 7: Colorful Stitches................................................................................................75
Combining Colors with a Careful Eye ....................................................................................75
Get in Line: Stripes...................................................................................................................76
Two-row stripes..............................................................................................................77
Regularly repeating stripes ...........................................................................................77
Random stripes...............................................................................................................79
Classic Color: Fair Isle Patterns .............................................................................................79
Simple stranded pattern................................................................................................80
Small Fair Isle motif........................................................................................................81
Fair Isle border ...............................................................................................................82
Slip in Some Color: Mosaics....................................................................................................83
Puzzle piece mosaic .......................................................................................................85
Woven cord mosaic........................................................................................................86
Little mosaic....................................................................................................................88
Little boxes mosaic ........................................................................................................89
Miniature mosaic............................................................................................................90
Color for Cheaters: Adding Details after You Finish Knitting.............................................91
Duplicate stitch ..............................................................................................................91
Surface crochet...............................................................................................................93
Part III: Patterns with Rectangles and Related Shapes ..................95
Chapter 8: Rectangles to Wear...........................................................................................97
Garter Stitch Scarf....................................................................................................................97
New skill: The double wrap (and beyond)..................................................................98
Materials and vital statistics.........................................................................................99
Directions ........................................................................................................................99
Variation: Using beautiful yarns .................................................................................100
Variation: Creating a seafoam stitch scarf.................................................................100
Ribbed Scarf............................................................................................................................101
New skill: Switching from knit to purl and back again ............................................101
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................102
Directions ......................................................................................................................102
Variation: Ribbed scarves with any yarn ..................................................................103
Box Stitch Scarf ......................................................................................................................103
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................104
Directions ......................................................................................................................104
Variation: Twins scarf ..................................................................................................105
Variation: Two-yarns scarf...........................................................................................105
Flat Hat ....................................................................................................................................106
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................107
Directions ......................................................................................................................107
Variation: Knitting a garter stitch flat hat .................................................................108
Retro Slippers for Baby .........................................................................................................108
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................109
Directions ......................................................................................................................109
Variation: Using different yarns ..................................................................................110
Variation: Sizing up.......................................................................................................110
Longways Multiyarn Stole.....................................................................................................111
New skill: Changing colors ..........................................................................................111
New skill: Making fringe...............................................................................................112
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................113
Directions ......................................................................................................................113
Variation: Changing yarns ...........................................................................................114
Loose Rib Wrap ......................................................................................................................114
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................114
Directions ......................................................................................................................115
Variation: Make your wrap a poncho.........................................................................115
Variation: Make your wrap a shrug ............................................................................116
Box Top ...................................................................................................................................116
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................117
Directions ......................................................................................................................118
Variation: Short and simple.........................................................................................119
Chapter 9: Rectangles for the Home................................................................................121
Felted Potholders...................................................................................................................121
New skill: Making miters..............................................................................................122
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................122
Directions ......................................................................................................................123
Variation: Single-color potholders..............................................................................123
Variation: Striped potholders .....................................................................................124
Variation: Coasters .......................................................................................................124
Variation: Mitered square afghan ...............................................................................124
Throw Pillows.........................................................................................................................125
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................126
Directions ......................................................................................................................126
Variation: Retro check pillow......................................................................................126
Variation: Bean sprout pillow .....................................................................................128
Journal Cover .........................................................................................................................129
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................129
Directions ......................................................................................................................130
Variation: Small journal cover in half linen stitch ....................................................130
Nested Squares Baby Blanket...............................................................................................131
New skill: Picking up stitches along a garter stitch edge........................................131
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................133
Directions ......................................................................................................................133
Variation: Substituting yarns ......................................................................................134
Chapter 10: Almost Rectangles ........................................................................................135
Felted Messenger Bag............................................................................................................135
New skill: The cable cast-on........................................................................................136
New skill: Working linen stitch by slipping stitches ................................................137
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................138
Directions ......................................................................................................................138
One-Piece Baby Sweater........................................................................................................141
New skill: Making a buttonhole ..................................................................................141
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................142
Directions ......................................................................................................................143
Deceptively Simple Shell .......................................................................................................145
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................145
Directions ......................................................................................................................146
Shawl-Collared Coat...............................................................................................................147
New skill: The three-needle bind-off ..........................................................................148
New skill: Pick up and knit vertically.........................................................................149
New skill: Pick up and knit horizontally ....................................................................151
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................151
Directions ......................................................................................................................152
Variation: A beautiful border ......................................................................................155
Hooded Coat...........................................................................................................................156
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................156
Directions ......................................................................................................................157
Part IV: Patterns with Circles, Triangles, and More......................161
Chapter 11: Knitting in Circles..........................................................................................163
Ruffled Cowl............................................................................................................................163
New skill: Joining your knitting in the round............................................................164
New skill: Increasing with kfb .....................................................................................165
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................166
Directions ......................................................................................................................166
Variation: Turning your cowl into a poncho .............................................................167
Wrist Warmers........................................................................................................................168
New skill: Working with double-pointed needles .....................................................168
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................170
Directions ......................................................................................................................170
Ruffled Muffatees ...................................................................................................................171
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................171
Directions ......................................................................................................................172
Basic Beanies..........................................................................................................................172
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................173
Directions ......................................................................................................................173
Variation: Creating a cabled beanie ...........................................................................174
Storybook Hats.......................................................................................................................175
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................175
Directions ......................................................................................................................176
Variation: Changing yarns ...........................................................................................177
Mosaic Bags ............................................................................................................................177
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................178
Directions ......................................................................................................................179
Variation: Keeping your bag plain and simple..........................................................182
Variation: Striping your bag ........................................................................................182
Chapter 12: Shaping Triangles .........................................................................................183
The Most Basic Kerchief Ever ..............................................................................................183
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................184
Directions ......................................................................................................................184
The Most Basic Shawl Ever...................................................................................................185
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................185
Directions ......................................................................................................................186
Variation: Changing up your yarn ..............................................................................186
Variation: Making a poncho ........................................................................................186
Fully Fashioned Kerchief.......................................................................................................187
New skill: Additional left-slanting decreases ............................................................187
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................189
Directions ......................................................................................................................189
Lacy Shawl ..............................................................................................................................190
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................191
Directions ......................................................................................................................191
Variation: Knitting through thick and thin ................................................................192
Stretchy Halter Top................................................................................................................192
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................193
Directions ......................................................................................................................193
Short Row Scarf......................................................................................................................195
New skill: Working short rows....................................................................................196
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................197
Directions ......................................................................................................................198
Harlequin Blanket ..................................................................................................................199
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................199
Directions ......................................................................................................................200
Chapter 13: Putting Together Rectangles and Triangles .............................................201
V-Neck T-Shirt.........................................................................................................................201
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................202
Directions ......................................................................................................................203
Variation: Crew neck T-shirt with garter stitch edging............................................205
Kid’s Top..................................................................................................................................207
New skill: Picking up neckline stitches......................................................................208
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................210
Directions ......................................................................................................................211
Variation: Short sleeves...............................................................................................213
Variation: Cables...........................................................................................................214
Men’s Rollneck Pullover........................................................................................................215
New skill: Setting in sleeves in a new way.................................................................215
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................217
Directions ......................................................................................................................218
Variation: Showing your man’s true colors ...............................................................221
Manly Sweater ........................................................................................................................222
New skill: Binding off in rib .........................................................................................222
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................223
Directions ......................................................................................................................224
Variation: Crafting a crew neck...................................................................................227
Chapter 14: Knitting Beyond Geometry Class................................................................229
Bulky Zipped Cardigan ..........................................................................................................229
New skill: Trying the make 1 increase .......................................................................230
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................231
Directions ......................................................................................................................232
Half-Ribbed Raglan Cardigan ................................................................................................234
New skill: Fashioning self-facing buttonbands .........................................................235
New skill: Decreasing in rib.........................................................................................236
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................237
Directions ......................................................................................................................238
Variation: Using the perfect buttons..........................................................................241
Women’s Scoop-Neck Pullover .............................................................................................242
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................242
Directions ......................................................................................................................243
Variation: Making a mosaic border ............................................................................247
Lacy V-Neck Top.....................................................................................................................247
Materials and vital statistics.......................................................................................248
Directions ......................................................................................................................249
Variation: Lengthening your top.................................................................................253
Part V: The Part of Tens.............................................................255
Chapter 15: Ten Things You Can Knit with that Aren’t Yarn or Needles ...................257
Chapter 16: Almost Ten Things You Can Do with Your Swatches .............................259
Chapter 17: Ten Ways to MacGyver Your Knitting ........................................................261
Chapter 18: Ten Smart Ways to Care for Your Knits......................................................265
Appendix: Basic Knitting Skills..................................................271
Binding Off .........................................................................................................271
Blocking............................................................................................................271
Light blocking ...............................................................................................................272
Wet blocking..................................................................................................................273
Casting On...............................................................................................................................274
Crocheted Edging...................................................................................................................275
Crocheting a Chain.................................................................................................................276
Felting ........................................................................................................277
Knit Stitch ...........................................................................................277
Knitting into the Back of a Stitch .........................................................................................278
Making Stitches Knitwise and Purlwise...............................................................................279
Mattress Stitch .......................................................................................279
Stockinette stitch, side to side ...................................................................................279
Garter stitch, side to side............................................................................................281
End to end .....................................................................................................................282
End to side.....................................................................................................................282
Purl Stitch ............................................................................................283
Ripping Back Stitches............................................................................................................284
Slipping Stitches.....................................................................................................................285
Weaving in Ends ................................................................................................286
Index .......................................................................................287


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