Fibre Materials for Advanced Technical Textiles by T. Matsuo

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Fibre Materials for Advanced Technical Textiles
by T. Matsuo
Fibre Materials for Advanced Technical Textiles

CONTENTS
1 . Introduction 87
1.1. The content and objective of this article 87
1.2. What is advanced technical textiles? 87
1.3. Why are fibre materials used for technical products? 88
1.4. General scope on fibre materials for advanced technical textiles 88
1.5. General scope on technical textile products as the application items of fibre materials 89
2. Conventional fibres 90
2.1. General scope on conventional fibres 90
2.2. PET (polyethylene terephthalate) fibre 91
2.3. Nylon fibre 91
2.4. Polypropylene fibre 92
3. High mechanical performance fibres 92
3.1. General scope on high mechanical performance fibres 92
3.2. Carbon fibre 93
3.3. Glass fibre 94
3.4. P-aramid fibre 94
3.5. UHMW-PE (ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene) fibre 96
3.6. Wholly aromatic polyester fibre 96
3.7. Other mechanical high performance fibres 96
3.7.1 Poly-p-phenylene benzobisoxazole fibre 96
3.7.2 PIPD fibre 97
3.7.3 Poly ketone fibre 97
3.7.4 Basalt fibre 97
3.7.5 SiC group fibres 97
3.7.6 Alumina fibre 97
3.7.7 Boron fibre 98
3.7.8 Metal fibres 98

4. High heat resistance fibres 98
4.1. General scope on high heat resistance fibres 98
4.2. Inorganic fibres 99
4.3. Thermoset type fibres 99
4.4. Thermoplastic type fibres 99
4.5. Fluoro-carbon fibre 99
4.6. Flame-proof fibres 99
5. Separation function fibres 100
5.1. General scope on separation function fibres 100
5.2. Activated carbon fibre 100
5.3. Removal function fibre by chemical/ionic reaction 100
5.4. Super absorptive fibre 100
5.5. Membrane hollow fibres 100
6. Optical fibres 101
6.1. General scope of optical fibre 101
6.2. Fibre for telecommunication 102
6.3. Fibres for lightening and for image transfer 102
7. Electric conductive fibres 102
8. Adhesive fibres 102
9. Dissoluble, degradable, and dissociable function fibres 103
9.1. Dissoluble fibres 103
9.2. Bio-degradable fibres 103
9.3. Dissociable fibre 103
10. Other kinds of special function fibres 103
11. Specialty material fibres 104
11.1. PVA (polyvinyl-alcohol) fibre 104
11.2. Polylacticacid fibre 104
11.3. Cellulose group fibres 104
11.4. Other specialty material fibres 105
11.4.1 PEN (polyethylene naphthalate) 105
11.4.2 PTT (polytrimethylene terephthalate) 105
11.4.3 Metal fibres 105
12. Modified fibres for specific function 105
12.1. High tenacity type 105
12.2. Flame retardant type 105
12.3. Other functionally modified types 105
13. Modified fibres for specific end-use 105
13.1. Fibre-fill and cushion 105
13.2. Carpet 106
13.3. Tyre-cord 106
13.4. Mesh cloth 106
13.5. Other end-uses 106 

14. Nano-fibres 106
14.1. General scope on nano-fibres 106
14.2. Nano-fibres manufactured by bottom-up way 106
14.2.1 Direct forming by controlled polymerization 107
14.2.2 Gel-forming by associating monomer 107
14.2.3 Self-organizing o f polypeptide 108
14.2.4 Self-organizing o f (metal complex/organic molecule) compound 108
14.2.5 Organic nano-tube fibre 109
14.3. Nano-fibres produced by ESP 110
14.3.1 ESP processing technologies 110
14.3.2 Applications o f ESP 111
14.4. Nano-fibre formed by dividing spun fibre 112
14.5. Structure, properties, and manufacturing method of CNT/nano-fibre 112
14.5.1 Structure and properties ofCNT/CNF 112
14.5.2 Modifications ofCNT/CNF 114
14.6. Applications of CNT/nano-fibre 116
14.6.1 Materials by homogeneous dispersion ofCNT/CNF 116
14.6.2 Applications fo r high strength fibres/threads 116
14.6.3 Electronics applications ofCNT/CNF 116
14.7. Future perspectives of nano-fibres 118
15. Concluding rem arks 118

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