VCP5-DCV VMware Certified Professional-Data Center Virtualization on VSphere 5.5 Study Guide: Exam VCP-550 pdf by Brian Atkinson

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VCP5-DCV VMware Certified Professional-Data Center Virtualization on VSphere 5.5 Study Guide: Exam VCP-550
by Brian Atkinson
VCP5-DCV VMware Certified Professional-Data Center Virtualization on VSphere 5.5 Study Guide: Exam VCP-550

Contents at a Glance
Introduction xxxiii
Assessment Test lvii
Chapter 1 What’s New in vSphere 5.5 1
Chapter 2 Planning, Installing, Configuring, and
Upgrading VMware ESXi and vCenter Server 13
Chapter 3 Securing vCenter Server and ESXi and
Identifying vSphere Architecture and Solutions 95
Chapter 4 Planning and Configuring vSphere Networking 139
Chapter 5 Planning and Configuring vSphere Storage 225
Chapter 6 Creating and Deploying Virtual Machines
and vApps 287
Chapter 7 Managing and Administering Virtual Machines
and vApps 369
Chapter 8 Establishing Service Levels with Clusters,
Fault Tolerance, and Resource Pools 421
Chapter 9 Maintaining Service Levels 511
Chapter 10 Performing Basic Troubleshooting 629
Chapter 11 Monitoring a vSphere Implementation
and Managing vCenter Server Alarms 677
Appendix A Answers to Review Questions 757
Appendix B About the Additional Study Tools 773
Index 777

Contents
Introduction xxxiii
Assessment Test lvii
Chapter 1 What’s New in vSphere 5.5 1
vSphere ESXi Hypervisor Enhancements 3
Hot-Pluggable PCIe SSD Devices 3
Support for Reliable Memory Technology 3
Enhancements to CPU C-States 4
Virtual Machine Enhancements 4
VM Compatibility with VMware ESXi 5.5 4
Expanded vGPU Support 5
Graphic Acceleration for Linux Guests 5
vCenter Server Enhancements 5
vCenter Single Sign-On 5
vCenter Server Appliance 5
vSphere Web Client 6
vSphere App HA 6
HA Compatibility with DRS VM-VM Affinity Rules 6
vSphere Big Data Extensions 6
Storage Enhancements 6
Support for 62TB VMDK 7
MSCS Updates 7
16Gb E2E Support 7
PDL AutoRemove 7
vSphere Replication Interoperability 7
vSphere Replication Multi-Point-in-Time
(MPIT) Snapshot Retention 7
VAAI UNMAP Improvements 8
VMFS Heap Improvements 8
vSphere Flash Read Cache 8
Networking Enhancements 9
Link Aggregation Control Protocol (LACP) Enhancements 9
Traffic Filtering 10
Quality of Service Tagging 10
SR-IOV Enhancements 10
Enhanced Host-Level Packet Capture 10
40Gb NIC Support 10
VMware Data Protection (VDP) Enhancements 10
vCenter Operations Manager 11
Summary 11
Chapter 2 Planning, Installing, Configuring, and Upgrading
VMware ESXi and vCenter Server 13
Introducing VMware ESXi 15
Identifying ESXi Host Requirements 15
Performing an Interactive Installation of ESXi 16
Configuring NTP on an ESXi Host 25
Configuring DNS and Routing on an ESXi Host 26
Enabling, Configuring, and Disabling Hyperthreading 30
Selecting a CPU Power Management Policy 31
Enabling, Sizing, and Disabling Memory
Compression Cache 33
Licensing an ESXi Host 35
Introducing vCenter Server 37
Identifying Available vCenter Server Editions 37
Identifying vCenter Server and vCenter Server Database
Requirements 38
Identifying Single Sign-On Requirements 40
Creating a Database Connection to the
vCenter Server Database 41
Sizing the vCenter Server Database 44
Installing vCenter Server into a Virtual Machine 46
Deploying the vCenter Server Appliance 52
Installing and Configuring the vSphere Client
and vSphere Web Client 57
Describing Single Sign-On Architecture 59
Differentiating Single-Sign-On Deployment Scenarios 61
Configuring and Administering Single Sign-On 62
Managing Single Sign-On Users and Groups 65
Installing Additional vCenter Server Components 73
Installing and Removing vSphere Client Plug-Ins 78
Enabling and Disabling vSphere Client Plug-Ins 78
Licensing vCenter Server 80
Determining Availability Requirements for
a vCenter Server in a Given vSphere Implementation 83
Planning and Performing Upgrades of vCenter Server
and VMware ESXi 84
Identifying Steps Required to Upgrade a vSphere
Implementation 85
Identifying Upgrade Requirements for ESXi Hosts 87
Determining Whether an In-Place Upgrade
Is Appropriate in a Given Upgrade Scenario 88
Summary 90
Exam Essentials 90
Review Questions 91
Chapter 3 Securing vCenter Server and ESXi and
Identifying vSphere Architecture and Solutions 95
Securing vCenter Server and ESXi 97
Configuring and Administering the ESXi Firewall 97
Enabling, Configuring, and Disabling Services
in the ESXi Firewall 103
Enabling Lockdown Mode 106
Adding an ESXi Host to a Directory Service 109
Viewing, Sorting, and Exporting User and Group Lists 113
Identifying Common vCenter Server Privileges and Roles 114
Describing How Permissions Are Applied
and Inherited in vCenter Server 116
Adding, Modifying, and Removing Permissions
for Users and Groups on vCenter Server
Inventory Objects 118
Creating, Cloning, and Editing vCenter Server Roles 123
Determining the Appropriate Set of Privileges
for Common Tasks in vCenter Server 126
Identifying vSphere Architecture and Solutions 127
Explaining ESXi and vCenter Server Architectures 127
Identifying Available vSphere Editions and Features 130
Determining Appropriate vSphere Edition Based on Customer
Requirements 130
Identifying the Various Datacenter Solutions
That Interact with vSphere (Horizon, SRM, Etc.) 132
Summary 133
Exam Essentials 133
Review Questions 134
Chapter 4 Planning and Configuring vSphere Networking 139
Configuring vNetwork Standard Switches 141
Identifying vNetwork Standard Switch Capabilities 141
Creating and Deleting a vNetwork Standard Switch 145
Adding, Configuring, and Removing vmnics
on a vNetwork Standard Switch 149
Configuring VMkernel Ports for Network Services 153
Adding, Editing, and Removing Port Groups
on a vNetwork Standard Switch 157
Determining the Use Case for a vNetwork
Standard Switch 163
Configuring vNetwork Distributed Switches 164
Identifying vNetwork Distributed Switch Capabilities 164
Creating and Deleting a vNetwork Distributed Switch 167
Adding and Removing ESXi Hosts to/from
a vNetwork Distributed Switch 170
Adding and Removing Uplink Adapters
to/from dvUplink Groups 176
Adding, Configuring, and Removing dvPort Groups 179
Creating, Configuring, and Removing Virtual Adapters 184
Migrating Virtual Adapters to and from
a vNetwork Standard Switch 188
Migrating Virtual Machines to and from
a vNetwork Distributed Switch 192
Upgrading a vNetwork Distributed Switch 195
Determining the Use Case for a vNetwork
Distributed Switch 198
Configuring vSS and vDS Policies 198
Identifying Common vSwitch and dvSwitch Policies 199
Configuring Load Balancing and Failover Policies 199
Configuring Network Security Policies 203
Configuring Traffic Shaping Policies 205
Configuring VLAN Settings 209
Determining Appropriate VLAN Configuration
for a vSphere Implementation 210
Configuring dvPort Group Blocking Policies 211
Enabling Jumbo Frames Support on Appropriate
Components 212
Summary 217
Exam Essentials 218
Review Questions 220
Chapter 5 Planning and Configuring vSphere Storage 225
Configuring Shared Storage for vSphere 227
Identifying Storage Adapters and Devices 227
Identifying Storage Naming Conventions 228
Scanning and Rescanning Storage 230
Enabling, Configuring, and Disabling
vCenter Server Storage Filters 233
Describing Zoning and LUN Masking Practices 235
Identifying Hardware/Dependent Hardware
/Software iSCSI Initiator Requirements 236
Determining Use Case for Hardware
/Dependent Hardware/Software iSCSI Initiator 237
Configuring and Editing Hardware
/Dependent-Hardware Initiators 237
Enabling and Disabling a Software iSCSI Initiator 242
Configuring and Editing Software iSCSI Initiator Settings 245
Configuring iSCSI Port Binding 245
Enabling, Configuring, and Disabling iSCSI CHAP 247
Configuring FC/iSCSI LUNs as ESXi Boot Devices 252
Comparing and Contrasting Array Thin Provisioning
and Virtual Disk Thin Provisioning 254
Determining Use Case for and Configuring Array
Thin Provisioning 255
Creating and Configuring VMFS and NFS Datastores 256
Identifying VMFS-5 Capabilities 256
Creating, Renaming, Unmounting, and Deleting
a VMFS Datastore 258
Identifying VMFS Datastore Properties 264
Extending and Expanding VMFS Datastores 266
Upgrading a VMFS-3 Datastore to VMFS-5 269
Placing a VMFS Datastore in Maintenance Mode 271
Determining the Appropriate Path Selection Policy
for a Given VMFS Datastore 271
Selecting the Preferred Path for a VMFS Datastore 272
Disabling a Path to a VMFS Datastore 274
Creating an NFS Share for Use with vSphere 275
Identifying NFS Datastore Properties 277
Mounting and Unmounting an NFS Datastore 277
Determining the Use Case for Multiple VMFS
/NFS Datastores 279
Summary 280
Exam Essentials 281
Review Questions 282
Chapter 6 Creating and Deploying Virtual Machines
and vApps 287
Creating and Deploying Virtual Machines 289
Identifying Capabilities of Virtual Machine
Hardware Versions 289
Configuring and Deploying a Guest OS into
a New Virtual Machine 291
Placing Virtual Machines in Selected ESXi Hosts
/Clusters/Resource Pools 295
Identifying Methods to Access and Use a Virtual
Machine Console 296
Installing, Upgrading, and Updating VMware Tools 298
Identifying VMware Tools Device Drivers 302
Upgrading Virtual Machine Hardware 304
Configuring Virtual Machine Time Synchronization 307
Identifying Virtual Machine Storage Resources 309
Configuring and Modifying the Disk Controller
for Virtual Disks 311
Configuring the Appropriate Virtual Disk Type
for a Virtual Machine 316
Creating and Converting Thin/Thick Provisioned
Virtual Disks 320
Configuring Disk Shares 323
Determining Appropriate Datastore Locations
for Virtual Machines Based on Application Workloads 324
Configuring and Modifying Virtual CPU and Memory
Resources According to OS and
Application Requirements 325
Configuring and Modifying Virtual NIC Adapters
and Connecting Virtual Machines to
Appropriate Network Resources 326
Converting a Physical Machine Using VMware Converter 330
Importing a Supported Virtual Machine Source
Using VMware Converter 335
Modifying Virtual Hardware Settings Using
VMware Converter 339
Creating and Deploying vApps 345
Determining When a Tiered Application
Should Be Deployed as a vApp 345
Creating a vApp 346
Adding Objects to an Existing vApp 348
Identifying and Editing vApp Settings 350
Configuring IP Pools 352
Suspending and Resuming a vApp 357
Cloning and Exporting a vApp 358
Summary 361
Exam Essentials 362
Review Questions 364
Chapter 7 Managing and Administering Virtual Machines
and vApps 369
Managing Virtual Machine Clones and Templates 371
Identifying Cloning and Template Options 371
Cloning an Existing Virtual Machine 372
Creating a Template from an Existing Virtual Machine 375
Deploying a Virtual Machine from a Template 377
Updating Existing Virtual Machine Templates 379
Deploying Virtual Appliances and vApps from
an OVF Template 380
Importing and Exporting an OVF Template 381
Determining the Appropriate Deployment
Methodology for a Given Virtual Machine Application 382
Identifying Content Types 383
Creating a Local/Remote Content Library with
/without external storage (VMs, ISOs, Scripts, vApps) 384
Publishing/Subscribing/Sharing a Content Library 386
Administering Virtual Machines and vApps 388
Identifying Files Used by Virtual Machines 388
Identifying Locations for Virtual Machine
Configuration Files and Virtual Disks 390
Configuring Virtual Machine Options 392
Configuring Virtual Machine Power Settings 395
Configuring Virtual Machine Boot Options 398
Configuring Virtual Machine Troubleshooting Options 399
Identifying Common Practices for Securing
Virtual Machines 400
Determining When an Advanced Virtual Machine
Parameter Is Required 402
Hot-Extending a Virtual Disk 403
Enabling TCP Segmentation Offload Support
for a Virtual Machine 405
Adjusting Virtual Machine Resources
(Shares, Limits, and Reservations) Based
on Virtual Machine Workloads 407
Configuring USB passthrough from an ESXi Host 409
Configuring Serial port redirection 412
Summary 414
Exam Essentials 414
Review Questions 416
Chapter 8 Establishing Service Levels with Clusters,
Fault Tolerance, and Resource Pools 421
Creating and Configuring VMware Clusters 423
Determining the Appropriate Failover Methodology
and Required Resources for an HA Implementation 424
DRS Virtual Machine Entitlement 424
Creating and Deleting a DRS/HA Cluster 425
Adding and Removing ESXi Hosts to
/from a DRS/HA Cluster 427
Adding and Removing Virtual Machines to
/from a DRS/HA Cluster 430
Enabling and Disabling Host Monitoring 432
Configuring Admission Control for HA
and Virtual Machines 434
Enabling, Configuring, and Disabling
Virtual Machine and Application Monitoring 442
Configuring Automation Levels for DRS
and Virtual Machines 445
Configuring Migration Thresholds for DRS
and Virtual Machines 448
Creating VM-Host and VM-VM Affinity Rules 450
Configuring Enhanced vMotion Compatibility 457
Monitoring a DRS/HA Cluster 460
Configuring Storage DRS 464
Enabling BIOS P/C States 467
Enabling, Configuring, and Disabling
Host Power Management and
Distributed Power Management 468
Determining Appropriate Power Threshold
for a Given Implementation 473
Planning and Implementing VMware Fault Tolerance 474
Determining Use Cases for Enabling
VMware Fault Tolerance on a Virtual Machine 475
VMware Fault Tolerance Requirements 476
Configuring VMware Fault Tolerance Networking 477
Enabling and Disabling VMware Fault
Tolerance on a Virtual Machine 479
Testing an FT Configuration 482
Creating and Administering Resource Pools 483
The Resource Pool Hierarchy 483
The Expandable Reservation Parameter 484
Creating and Removing a Resource Pool 488
Configuring Resource Pool Attributes 490
Adding and Removing Virtual Machines to
/from a Resource Pool 491
Determining Resource Pool Requirements
for a Given vSphere Implementation 492
Evaluating Appropriate Shares, Reservations,
and Limits for a Resource Pool Based
on Virtual Machine Workloads 493
Describing vSphere Flash Read Cache Architecture 497
Adding/Removing vFlash Read Cache
Resource Capacity 499
Assigning vFlash Read Cache Resources to VMDKs 501
Summary 504
Exam Essentials 505
Review Questions 506
Chapter 9 Maintaining Service Levels 511
Migrating Virtual Machines 514
Migrating a Powered-Off or Suspended
Virtual Machine 514
ESXi Host and Virtual Machine Requirements
for vMotion and Storage vMotion 518
Enhanced vMotion Compatibility CPU Requirements 519
Snapshot Requirements for vMotion
/Storage vMotion Migration 519
Configuring a Virtual Machine Swap File Location 520
Migrating Virtual Machines Using vMotion
/Storage vMotion 525
Using Storage vMotion Techniques 528
Backing Up and Restoring Virtual Machines 531
Identifying Snapshot Requirements 531
Creating, Deleting, and Consolidating
Virtual Machine Snapshots 533
Differentiating Between VDP and VDPA 541
Explaining VMware Data Protection Sizing Guidelines 542
Identifying VMware Data Protection Requirements 543
Installing and Configuring VMware Data Protection 545
Creating a Backup Job With VMware Data Protection 551
Managing and Monitoring VDP Capacity 554
Performing a Test/Live Full/File-Level Restore
with VMware Data Protection 556
Performing a VDR Data Migration 562
Describing vSphere Replication Architecture 562
Installing/Configuring/Upgrading vSphere Replication 563
Configuring Replication for Single/Multiple VMs 565
Recovering a VM Using vSphere Replication 568
Performing a Failback Operation
Using vSphere Replication 571
Determining the Appropriate Backup Solution
for a Given vSphere Implementation 571
Patching and Updating ESXi and Virtual Machines 573
Patching Requirements for ESXi Hosts and
Virtual Machine Hardware/Tools 573
Creating, Editing, and Removing a Host Profile
from an ESXi Host 575
Attaching and Applying a Host Profile to
an ESXi Host or Cluster 578
Performing Compliance Scanning and
Remediating an ESXi Host Using Host Profiles 580
Applying Permissions to ESXi Hosts Using Host Profiles 582
Importing/Exporting a Host Profile 584
Installing and Configuring VMware
vSphere Update Manager 586
Configuring Patch Download Options 594
Creating, Editing, and Deleting
an Update Manager Baseline 597
Attaching an Update Manager Baseline
to an ESXi Host or Cluster 603
Scanning and Remediating ESXi Hosts
and Virtual Machine Hardware
/Tools Using Update Manager 606
Staging ESXi Host Updates 615
Upgrading an ESXi Host Using vSphere
Update Manager 616
Summary 621
Exam Essentials 622
Review Questions 624
Chapter 10 Performing Basic Troubleshooting 629
Performing Basic Troubleshooting for ESXi Hosts 631
Troubleshooting Common Installation Issues 631
Monitoring ESXi System Health 632
General ESXi Host Troubleshooting Guidelines 634
Exporting Diagnostic Information 636
Performing Basic vSphere Network Troubleshooting 638
Verifying Network Configuration 638
Troubleshooting Physical Network
Adapter Configuration Issues 640
Troubleshooting Virtual Switch and
Port Group Configuration Issues 643
Verifying a Given Virtual Machine
Is Configured with the Correct Network Resources 645
Identifying the Root Cause of a Network Issue
Based on Troubleshooting Information 646
Performing Basic vSphere Storage Troubleshooting 646
Verifying Storage Configuration 646
Troubleshooting Storage Contention Issues 648
Troubleshooting Storage Overcommitment Issues 652
Troubleshooting iSCSI Software Initiator
Configuration Issues 653
Troubleshooting Storage Reports and Storage Maps 654
Identifying the Root Cause of a Storage Issue Based
on Troubleshooting Information 655
Performing Basic Troubleshooting for HA
/DRS Clusters and vMotion/Storage vMotion 656
HA/DRS and vMotion Requirements 656
Verifying vMotion/Storage vMotion Configuration 657
Verifying HA Network Configuration 657
Verifying HA/DRS Cluster Configuration 658
Troubleshooting HA Capacity Issues 660
Troubleshooting HA Redundancy Issues 661
Troubleshooting DRS Load Imbalance Issues 662
Interpreting the DRS Resource Distribution Graph
and Target/Current Host Load Standard Deviation 665
Troubleshooting vMotion/Storage vMotion
Migration Issues 667
Interpret vMotion Resource Maps 668
Identifying the Root Cause of a DRS/HA Cluster
or Migration Issue Based
on Troubleshooting Information 669
Summary 669
Exam Essentials 670
Review Questions 672
Chapter 11 Monitoring a vSphere Implementation
and Managing vCenter Server Alarms 677
Monitoring ESXi, vCenter Server, and Virtual Machines 680
How Tasks and Events Are Viewed in vCenter Server 680
Creating, Editing, and Deleting Scheduled Tasks 683
Configuring SNMP for vCenter Server 687
Configuring User Directory and
SMTP Settings for vCenter Server 689
Configuring vCenter Server Timeout Settings 690
Configuring vCenter Server Logging Options 691
Creating a Log Bundle 692
Starting, Stopping, and Verifying vCenter Server
Service Status 693
Starting, Stopping, and Verifying
ESXi Host Agent Status 695
Monitoring and Administering
vCenter Server Connections 698
Configuring, Viewing, Printing, and
Exporting Resource Maps 699
Common Memory Metrics 703
Common CPU Metrics 705
Common Network Metrics 706
Common Storage Metrics 707
Critical Performance Metrics 708
Comparing and Contrasting Overview and
Advanced Charts 709
Creating an Advanced Chart 712
Determining Host Performance Using resxtop
and Guest Perfmon 715
Given Performance Data, Identifying
the Affected vSphere Resource 719
Installing, Configuring, and Administering
vCenter Operations Manager 721
Explaining vCenter Operations
Manager Architecture 721
Deploying and Configuring vCenter
Operations Manager Appliance 723
Upgrading vCenter Operations Manager 728
Differentiating Major/Minor vCenter Operations
Manager Badges 731
Understanding Metrics Used by Major
/Minor vCenter Operations Manager Badges 732
Monitoring a vSphere Environment 733
For a Given Alarm, Identify the Affected Resource
In a vSphere Implementation 737
Creating and Administering vCenter Server Alarms 738
Listing vCenter Default Utilization Alarms 739
Listing vCenter Default Connectivity Alarms 739
Listing Possible Actions for Utilization
and Connectivity Alarms 739
Creating a vCenter Utilization Alarm 741
Creating a vCenter Connectivity Alarm 745
Configuring Alarm Triggers 747
Configuring Alarm Actions 748
For a Given Alarm, Identifying
the Affected Resource in a vSphere Implementation 749
Summary 750
Exam Essentials 751
Review Questions 753
Appendix A Answers to Review Questions 757
Chapter 2: Planning, Installing, Configuring,
and Upgrading VMware ESXi and vCenter Server 758
Chapter 3: Securing vCenter Server and ESXi
and Identifying vSphere Architecture and Solutions 759
Chapter 4: Planning and Configuring vSphere Networking 760
Chapter 5: Planning and Configuring vSphere Storage 762
Chapter 6: Creating and Deploying Virtual Machines
and vApps 763
Chapter 7: Managing and Administering Virtual Machines
and vApps 764
Chapter 8: Establishing Service Levels with Clusters,
Fault Tolerance, and Resource Pools 766
Chapter 9: Maintaining Service Levels 767
Chapter 10: Performing Basic Troubleshooting 768
Chapter 11: Monitoring a vSphere Implementation
and Managing vCenter Server Alarms 770
Appendix B About the Additional Study Tools 773
Additional Study Tools 774
Sybex Test Engine 774
Electronic Flashcards 774
PDF of Glossary of Terms 774
Adobe Reader 774
System Requirements 775
Using the Study Tools 775
Troubleshooting 775
Customer Care 776
Index 777


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