Industry 4.0: Industrial Revolution of the 21st Century PDF by Elena G. Popkova, Yulia V. Ragulina and Aleksei V. Bogoviz

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Industry 4.0: Industrial Revolution of the 21st Century
By Elena G. Popkova, Yulia V. Ragulina and Aleksei V. Bogoviz
Industry 4.0: Industrial Revolution of the 21st Century

Contents

Part I Theoretical Concept of Industry 4.0 in Economy
The Notion, Essence, and Peculiarities of Industry 4.0 as a Sphere
of Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Yakov A. Sukhodolov
Genesis of the Revolutionary Transition to Industry 4.0 in the 21st
Century and Overview of Previous Industrial Revolutions . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Ulyana A. Pozdnyakova, Vyacheslav V. Golikov, Irina A. Peters
and Irina A. Morozova
Fundamental Differences of Transition to Industry 4.0 from Previous
Industrial Revolutions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Elena G. Popkova, Yulia V. Ragulina and Aleksei V. Bogoviz
Industry 4.0 and Closed-Loop Economy in the Context of Solving
the Global Problems of Modern Times. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Lyubov I. Vanchukhina, Tatiana B. Leybert, Elvira A. Khalikova,
Yulia R. Rudneva and Anastasia M. Rogacheva
Part II Development of Industry 4.0 in the Conditions of Knowledge
Economy
The Fundamental Provisions of the Concept
of Knowledge Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Pavel T. Avkopashvili, Andrey A. Polukhin, Sergey V. Shkodinsky
and Andrey L. Poltarykhin
Preconditions of Formation and Development of Industry 4.0
in the Conditions of Knowledge Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
Elena G. Popkova
The Role and Importance of Knowledge Economy as a Platform
for Formation of Industry 4.0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
Elena A. Kolesnichenko, Yana Y. Radyukova and Nikolai N. Pakhomov
Part III Methodology for Analysis and Evaluation of Industry 4.0 in
the Conditions of Knowledge Economy
Industry 4.0 as a New Vector of Growth and Development
of Knowledge Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
Aleksei V. Bogoviz
Stages of Formation of Industry 4.0 and the Key Indicators
of Its Development . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
Alexander N. Alekseev, Elena V. Buraeva, Elena V. Kletskova
and Natalia A. Rykhtikova
Criteria of Evaluation of Effectiveness of Industry 4.0 from the
Position of Stimulating the Development of Knowledge Economy . . . . . 101
Tatiana N. Litvinova, Irina A. Morozova and Ulyana A. Pozdnyakova
Part IV Practical Aspects of Development of Industry 4.0 in Various
Economic Systems
Industry 4.0—Transition to New Economic Reality . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111
Stella S. Feshina, Oksana V. Konovalova and Nikolai G. Sinyavsky
Successful Experience of Formation of Industry 4.0 in Various
Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
Svetlana V. Lobova, Natalia V. Bykovskaya, Irina M. Vlasova
and Olga V. Sidorenko
Causal Connections of Formation of Industry 4.0 from the Positions
of the Global Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Anastasia A. Sozinova
Peculiarities and Problems of Formation of Industry 4.0 in Modern
Russia. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Tamara G. Stroiteleva, Elena Y. Kalinicheva, Galina G. Vukovich
and Vladimir S. Osipov
Comparative Analysis of Formation of Industry 4.0 in Developed
and Developing Countries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
Aleksei V. Bogoviz, Vladimir S. Osipov, Marina K. Chistyakova
and Maxim Y. Borisov
Part V Perspectives of Development of Industry 4.0 in Modern
Knowledge Economy
Priorities of Development of Industry 4.0 in Modern Economic
Systems with Different Progress in Formation of Knowledge
Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
Yulia V. Ragulina
The Mechanism of Managing the Process of Formation and
Development of Industry 4.0 in Modern Economic Systems . . . . . . . . . . 175
Sergey A. Abramov, Alexey V. Tolmachev, Vyacheslav V. Golikov,
Irina A. Peters and Ulyana A. Pozdnyakova
Modernization of the Standards of Education and Personnel Training
Due to Development of Industry 4.0 in the Conditions of Knowledge
Economy’s Formation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 183
Konstantin V. Vodenko, Maria A. Komissarova and Mikhail M. Kulikov
Transformation Changes in the System of Professional Competences
of a Modern Specialists in the Conditions of Knowledge Economy’s
Formation and the Innovational Approach to Training . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Aleksei V. Bogoviz, Tatiana I. Gulyaeva, Elena I. Semenova
and Svetlana V. Lobova
The Algorithm of Managing the Process of Formation and
Development of Industry 4.0 in the Modern Economic Systems
in the Conditions of Knowledge Economy’s Formation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 201
Elena S. Akopova and Natalia V. Przhedetskaya
Part VI Optimization of the Process of Development of Industry 4.0
in the Conditions of Knowledge Economy’s Formation
Systemic Contradictions of Modern Economic Systems That Hinder
Formation and Development of Industry 4.0 in the Conditions
of Knowledge Economy’s Formation and Methods
of Overcoming Them . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
Julia V. Gnezdova, Elena N. Rudakova and Olga P. Zvyagintseva
The Institutional Model of Formation and Development of Industry
4.0 in the Conditions of Knowledge Economy’s Formation . . . . . . . . . . 219
Alexander A. Galushkin, Andrey G. Nazarov, Elena N. Sabyna
and Tatiana V. Skryl
Scenarios of Development of Industry 4.0 in the Conditions of
Knowledge Economy’s Formation and Their Consequences for
Modern Economic Systems. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 227
Yulia V. Ragulina, Sergey V. Shkodinsky, Vitalii V. Mishchenko
and Yulia A. Romanova
Methodology of Criterial Evaluation of Consequences of the Industrial
Revolution of the 21st Century . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
Yulia V. Ragulina, Alexander N. Alekseev, Irina V. Strizhkina
and Arseniy I. Tumanov
The Approach to Managing the Development of Industry 4.0 in the
Conditions of Knowledge Economy’s Formation for Implementation
of the Optimal Scenario . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 245
Tatiana B. Fonina, Inna V. Mishchenko, Valentina V. Latysheva
and Iraida N. Romanova
Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253

Introduction
The modern global economy is at the threshold of the new industrial revolution, which is proved by a lot of actual tendencies. First, large duration of the global economic crisis of the early twenty-first century and impossibility of overcoming it with the help of the existing possibilities of economic systems shows depletion of the potential of the previous technological model. In the sphere of industrial production, the crisis was first manifested in overproduction of industrial goods and impossibility of selling it in domestic economic systems or in the global markets—which led to massive bankruptcy of industrial companies around the world and increase of protectionist measures from governments of various countries.

Second, according to the modern provisions of the economic theory (in particular, the theory of economic cycles, the theory of crises, the theory of innovations, etc.), overcoming the global crisis requires starting a new wave of innovations. This tendency is supported by intensive progress of a lot of countries in formation of knowledge economy, due to which potential of the global economic system as to its future innovational development is strengthened. Innovations are a generally acknowledged global priority of socioeconomic development.

Third, over the recent decades, scholars from different countries conducted research which resulted in new technologies, most of which are the leading production technologies (technological innovations)—i.e., they are oriented at the real sector of economy. These technologies have to form and stimulate intensive development of new high-tech spheres of industry, but they have not yet been used in practice.

Fourth, at the level of separate companies and even countries, there are initiatives on revolutionary technical modernization that are aimed at achieving unprecedented innovational development. In the conditions of global competition, success of economic subjects and economic systems in the global market could be ensured only by unique competitive advantages. In order to achieve and preserve them, it is necessary to use new technologies that ensure optimization of socioeconomic and business processes.

Technical direction and industrial focus on the viewed tendencies, as well as their aiming at activation of development of high-tech spheres of national economy and starting the process of innovational development of economic subjects and economic systems, formed the hypothesis of this research—industrial revolution of the twenty-first century is Industry 4.0, as it combines the above features and conforms to all actual tendencies in the modern global economy.

The purpose of this book is to verify the offered hypothesis, to determine the potential of Industry 4.0 in starting the new Industrial Revolution in the twenty-first century, and to develop practical recommendations for managing this process.
 
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