The Handbook of Logistics and Distribution Management, Sixth Edition PDF by Alan Rushton, Phil Croucher, and Peter Baker

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The Handbook of Logistics and Distribution Management, Sixth Edition
By Alan Rushton, Phil Croucher, and Peter Baker
The Handbook of Logistics and Distribution Management, Sixth Edition

Contents

List of figures xvii
List of tables xxvii
About the authors xxviii
Preface xxxi
Part one Concepts of logistics and distribution 1
01 Introduction to logistics and distribution 3
Introduction 3
Scope and definition 4
Historical perspective 7
Importance of logistics and distribution 10
Logistics and supply chain structure 14
Summary 16
02 Integrated logistics and the supply chain 17
Introduction 17
The total logistics concept 17
Planning for logistics 20
The financial impact of logistics 24
Globalization and integration 25
Integrated systems 26
Competitive advantage through logistics 28
Logistics and supply chain management 30
Summary 31
03 Customer service and logistics 33
Introduction 33
The importance of customer service 34
The components of logistics-related customer service 36
Two conceptual models of service quality 38
Developing a customer service policy 41
Levels of customer service 49
Measuring customer service 50
Service level agreements 52
The customer service explosion 55
Summary 55
04 Channels of distribution 57
Introduction 57
Physical distribution channel types and structures 58
Channel selection 62
Outsourcing channels 66
Summary 70
05 Key issues and challenges for logistics and the
supply chain 71
Introduction 71
The external environment 72
Manufacturing and supply 76
Logistics and distribution 80
Retailing 89
The consumer 94
Summary 98
Part two Planning for logistics 99
06 Planning framework for logistics 101
Introduction 101
Pressures for change 101
Strategic planning overview 103
Logistics design strategy 106
Product characteristics 109
The product life cycle 112
Packaging 113
Unit loads 114
Summary 115
07 Logistics processes 117
Introduction 117
The importance of logistics processes 117
Logistics process types and categories 119
An approach to process design and redesign 123
Tools and techniques 124
Summary 131
08 Supply chain segmentation 133
Introduction 133
Product segmentation 133
Demand and supply segmentation 135
Marketing segmentation 137
Combined segmentation frameworks 138
Two-tier supply chains 139
Implementation 140
Summary 141
09 Logistics costs and trade-off analysis 143
Introduction 143
The role of distribution centres and warehouses 143
Cost relationships 145
Summary 153
10 Logistics network planning 155
Introduction 155
A planned approach or methodology 156
Initial analysis and option definition 158
Logistics modelling: logistics options analysis 164
Evaluate results, develop implementation plan 168
Practical considerations for site search 170
Summary 172
11 Logistics management and organization 173
Introduction 173
Logistics relationships with other corporate functions 173
Logistics organizational structures 175
Organizational integration 177
The role of the logistics or distribution manager 180
Payment schemes 182
The selection of temporary staff and assets 187
Summary 189
12 Omnichannel fulfilment 191
Introduction 191
Issues 192
Food retailing 194
Non-food retailing 196
Summary 199
13 Manufacturing logistics 201
Introduction 201
Typology of operations 202
Manufacturing resource planning (MRPII) 208
Material requirements planning (MRP) 208
The MRP system 209
Flexible fulfilment (postponement) 213
The effects on distribution activities 213
Future developments 214
Summary 215
Part three Procurement, inventory and demand
forecasting 217
14 Procurement and supply 219
Introduction 219
The procurement cycle 220
The scope of procurement 221
Setting the procurement objectives 221
Managing the suppliers 229
Expediting 232
Procurement performance measures 232
Collaborative planning, forecasting and replenishment 233
Factory gate pricing 234
E-procurement 234
Corruption 236
Summary 236
15 Inventory: the basic concepts 237
Introduction 237
The need to hold stocks 237
Types of stockholding/inventory 239
Stockholding policy implications for other logistics functions 241
Inventory costs 243
Reasons for rising inventory costs 244
Inventory replenishment systems 245
The reorder point and safety stock 247
The bullwhip or Forrester effect 249
The economic order quantity 251
Summary 255
16 Inventory and the supply chain 257
Introduction 257
Problems with traditional approaches to inventory planning 257
Different inventory requirements 258
The lead-time gap 261
Inventory and time 262
Analysing time and inventory 264
Summary 266
17 Inventory planning and demand forecasting 267
Introduction 267
Inventory planning horizons 268
Demand forecasting 268
Qualitative forecasting methods 270
Quantitative forecasting methods 270
Inventory planning for manufacturing 278
Inventory planning for retailing 280
Summary 287
Part four Warehousing and storage 289
18 Principles of warehousing 291
Introduction 291
The role of warehouses 292
Warehouse operations 294
Costs 298
Packaging and unit loads 298
Summary 300
19 Storage and handling systems (palletized) 301
Introduction 301
Pallet movement 301
Pallet stacking 304
Palletized storage 309
Palletized storage – comparison of systems 323
Rack safety 324
Summary 326
20 Storage and handling systems (non-palletized) 327
Introduction 327
Small item storage systems 328
Truck attachments 335
Long loads 336
Cranes 339
Conveyors 339
Automated guided vehicles 341
Hanging garment systems 341
Summary 342
21 Order picking and packing 343
Introduction 343
Order picking concepts 343
Order picking equipment 345
Sortation 356
Picking area layout 359
Pick face size 359
Slotting 360
Pick routes 360
Information in order picking 361
E-fulfilment 363
Picking productivity 365
Replenishment 366
Packing 367
Summary 368
22 Receiving and dispatch 369
Introduction 369
Receiving processes 369
Dispatch processes 371
Cross-docking 371
Returned goods 373
Receiving and dispatch equipment 374
Layouts 378
Yard management 381
Summary 382
23 Warehouse design 383
Introduction 383
Strategic issues affecting warehousing 383
Design procedure 384
Design of specialist warehouses 402
Summary 404
24 Warehouse management and information 407
Introduction 407
Operational management 407
Information technology 412
Summary 419
Part five Freight transport 421
25 International logistics: modal choice 423
Introduction 423
Relative importance of the main modes of freight transport 424
Method of selection 426
Operational factors 427
Transport mode characteristics 431
Consignment factors 436
Cost and service requirements 437
Aspects of international trade 438
Summary 444
26 Maritime transport 447
Introduction 447
Structure of the industry 447
Common shipping terms 449
Surcharges 453
Documentation 455
Vessel classification and certification 456
Common ship types and their cargoes 458
Ports and cargo handling 464
Other factors 465
Summary 468
27 Air transport 469
Introduction 469
Structure of the industry 469
Air cargo handling 471
Types of air freighter 474
Documentation 476
Air hubs and spokes 477
Air freight pricing 478
Air cargo security 481
Summary 483
28 Rail and intermodal transport 485
Introduction 485
Intermodal equipment 486
Intermodal vehicles 494
Intermodal infrastructure 501
Mode shift grant schemes 503
Rail transport 504
Summary 510
29 Road freight transport: vehicle selection 513
Introduction 513
Main vehicle types 514
Types of operation 516
Load types and characteristics 524
Main types of vehicle body 527
The wider implications of vehicle selection 535
Vehicle acquisition 536
Summary 537
30 Road freight transport: vehicle costing 539
Introduction 539
Reasons for the use of road freight transport vehicle costing 539
Road transport costing – key information required 541
Vehicle standing costs 543
Vehicle running costs 548
Overhead costs 550
Costing the total transport operation 551
Whole life costing 552
Vehicle cost comparisons 555
Zero-based budgets 556
Direct product profitability 557
Summary 559
31 Road freight transport: planning and resourcing 561
Introduction 561
Key planning aspects of road freight transport 562
Main types of road freight transport 563
Transport resources: planning and operational requirements and
optimization 565
Key issues concerning vehicle utilization 568
Fleet management 572
Other road freight transport information systems applications:
telematics 574
Summary 575
32 Road freight transport: routeing and scheduling 577
Introduction 577
Vehicle routeing and scheduling issues 578
Manual methods of vehicle routeing and scheduling 586
Computer routeing and scheduling 594
Summary 598
33 International freight forwarding 601
Introduction 601
The role of the freight forwarder 602
Specialized services 604
Documentation 608
Cargo insurance 614
Project logistics 617
Common terms explained 619
Summary 621
Part six Outsourcing logistics 623
34 Outsourcing: operations and services 625
Introduction 625
Breadth of outsourcing 626
Operations provided by third-party companies 627
Categories of services available 633
Specialist value added services 640
Summary 644
35 Outsourcing: decision criteria 645
Introduction 645
Different types of operation: dedicated or multi-user? 645
Drivers and drawbacks of outsourcing logistics 649
Critical factors of choice 655
Summary 657
36 Outsourcing: the selection process 659
Introduction 659
Approach 659
Detailed steps 661
Summary 683
37 Outsourcing: management 685
Introduction 685
The need for management 686
Managing the relationship 687
Implementation planning 690
Monitoring an outsourced logistics operation 692
Summary 696
Part seven Operational management 699
38 Cost and performance monitoring 701
Introduction 701
Why monitor? 703
Different approaches to cost and performance monitoring 704
What to measure against? 710
A logistics operational planning and control system 715
Good practice 716
Influencing factors 720
Detailed metrics and KPIs 721
The presentation of metrics 725
Summary 727
39 Benchmarking 729
Introduction 729
Why should an organization engage in benchmarking? 730
How to conduct a benchmarking exercise 731
Formal benchmarking systems 736
Benchmarking distribution operations 737
Summary 747
40 Information and communication technology in the
supply chain 749
Introduction 749
Basic communication 750
Supply chain planning 752
Big data 754
Warehousing 755
Inventory 756
Transport 756
Other applications 758
Trading using the internet – e-commerce 761
Summary 764
41 Security and safety 765
Introduction 765
International security measures 765
Strategic security measures 767
Tactical security measures 769
Safety in the distribution centre and warehouse 778
Summary 781
42 Logistics and the environment 783
Introduction 783
The European Union and environmental legislation 784
Logistics and environmental best practice 790
Alternative fuels 803
Summary 807
43 Humanitarian logistics 809
Introduction 809
Key differences 810
Key terms 812
Performance measurement 816
Pre-positioning of resources 818
Assessment and planning 819
The cluster approach 820
Distribution 822
Summary 822
Further reading 823
References 825
Acronyms and abbreviations 829
Index 839
 
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