Automotive Technology: A Systems Approach, 7th Edition PDF by Jack Erjavec and Rob Thompson

By

Automotive Technology: A Systems Approach, Seventh Edition

By Jack Erjavec and Rob Thompson

Automotive Technology A Systems Approach

Contents:

Contents ………………………….iii

Photo Sequences …………………………… xii

Preface …………………………………………xiii

About the Book ………………………………..xiii

New to this Edition …………………………….xiii

Organization and Goals of this Edition…….. xiv

Acknowledgments ………………………………xv

About the Author……………………….. xvi

Features of the Text ………………….xvii

Objectives ………………………………xvii

The Three Cs ……………………………. xvii

Cautions and Warnings ………………….xvii

Shop Talk ……………………………….. xvii

Customer Care ………………………… xvii

Tool Care ……………………………….. xvii

Using Service Information ……………….xviii

Performance Tips ………………………..xviii

“Go To” Feature ……………………….xviii

Photo Sequences ………………….xviii

Procedures …………………………xviii

Key Terms ……………………………xviii

Summary ………………………………xviii

Review Questions ………………………xviii

ASE-Style Review Questions ……….xviii

Metric Equivalents……………………. xix

Supplements………………….. xix

Tech Manual……………………. xix

Instructor Resources………….. xix

Mindtap for Automotive……… xix

CHAPTER 1

Careers in the Automotive

Industry 1

Objectives 1 | The Automotive Industry 1 | Job

Classifications 10 | Related Career Opportunities 13 |

Training for a Career In Automotive Service 15 | ASE

Certification 16 | ASE Tests 17 | ASE Education

Foundation Program Accreditation 18 | Key Terms 18 |

Summary 18 | Review Questions 19

CHAPTER 2

Workplace Skills 21

Objectives 21 | Seeking and Applying for

Employment 21 | Accepting Employment 28 |

Working as a Technician 31 | Communications 32 |

Solving Problems and Critical Thinking 34 |

Professionalism 36 | Interpersonal Relationships 37 |

Key Terms 38 | Summary 38 | Review Questions 38

CHAPTER 3

Basic Theories and Math 40

Objectives 40 | Matter 40 | Energy 43 | Volume 46 |

Force 48 | Time 50 | Motion 50 | Work 53 | Waves

and Oscillations 57 | Light 61 | Liquids 62 | Gases 64 |

Heat 66 | Chemical Properties 68 | Electricity and

Electromagnetism 71 | Key Terms 74 | Summary 74 |

Review Questions 76

CHAPTER 4

Automotive Systems 78

Objectives 78 | Historical Background 78 | Design

Evolution 80 | Body Shapes 81 | The Basic Engine 83 |

Engine Systems 85 | Electrical and Electronic

Systems 89 | Heating and Air-Conditioning

Systems 91 | Drivetrain 93 | Running Gear 96 |

Hybrid Vehicles 98 | Alternative Fuels 99 | Key

Terms 99 | Summary 100 | Review Questions 101

CHAPTER 5

Hand Tools and Shop

Equipment 103

Objectives 103 | Measuring Systems 103 |

Fasteners 104 | Measuring Tools 111 | Hand

Tools 119 | Shop Equipment 132 | Power Tools 134 |

Jacks and Lifts 135 | Service Information 138 | Key

Terms 141 | Summary 141 | Review Questions 142

CHAPTER 6

Diagnostic Equipment

and Special Tools 144

Objectives 144 | Engine Repair Tools 144 | Electrical/

Electronic System Tools 152 | Engine Performance

Tools 156 | Pressure Transducer 157 | Transmission

and Driveline Tools 164 | Suspension and Steering

Tools 166 | Brake System Tools 170 | Heating and

Air- Conditioning Tools 173 | Key Terms 175 |

Summary 176 | Review Questions 176

CHAPTER 7

Working Safely in the Shop 179

Objectives 179 | Personal Safety 180 | Tool and

Equipment Safety 183 | Work Area Safety 190 |

Manufacturers’ Warnings and Government

Regulations 194 | OSHA 194 | Right-To-Know

Law 194 | Key Terms 197 | Summary 197 | Review

Questions 197

CHAPTER 8

Preventive Maintenance

and Basic Services 199

Objectives 199 | Repair Orders 199 | Vehicle

Identification 203 | Preventive Maintenance 204 |

Basic Services 205 | Additional PM Checks 231 | Key

Terms 232 | Summary 232 | Review Questions 233

 

Section 2 ENGINES

CHAPTER 9

Automotive Engine

Designs and Diagnosis 235

Objectives 235 | Introduction to Engines 235 | Engine

Classifications 237 | Engine Measurement and

Performance 244 | Diesel Engines 248 | Other

Automotive Power Plants 254 | Engine

Identification 256 | Engine Diagnostics 257 | Evaluating

the Engine’s Condition 267 | Noise Diagnosis 269 |

Key Terms 272 | Summary 272 | Review

Questions 273 | ASE-Style Review Questions 274

CHAPTER 10

Engine Disassembly

and Cleaning 275

Objectives 275 | Removing an Engine 275 | Engine

Disassembly and Inspection 282 | Cleaning Engine

Parts 284 | Crack Detection 288 | In-Vehicle Engine

Service 289 | Cylinder Head 291 | Key Terms 294 |

Summary 294 | Review Questions 294 |

ASE-Style Review Questions 295

CHAPTER 11

Lower End Theory

and Service 297

Objectives 297 | Short Block Disassembly 298 | Cylinder

Block 302 | Cylinder Block Reconditioning 303 |

Crankshaft 307 | Crankshaft Inspection and

Rebuilding 309 | Installing Main Bearings and

Crankshaft 312 | Piston and Piston Rings 316 | Installing

Pistons and Connecting Rods 321 | Installation of

Camshaft and Related Parts 324 | Crankshaft and

Camshaft Timing 324 | Oil Pump Service 327 | Installing

the Oil Pump 328 | Key Terms 330 | Summary 330 |

Review Questions 330 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 331

CHAPTER 12

Upper End Theory

and Service 333

Objectives 333 | Camshafts 333 | Cylinder Head 338

| Intake and Exhaust Valves 340 | Variable Valve

Timing Systems 345 | Cylinder Head

Disassembly 353 | Inspection of the Valve Train 357 |

Inspection of Camshaft and Related Parts 360 |

Servicing Cylinder Heads 361 | Valve Stem Seals 363

| Assembling the Cylinder Head 364 | Key Terms 366 |

Summary 366 | Review Questions 367 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 367

CHAPTER 13

Engine Sealing

and Reassembly 369

Objectives 369 | Torque Principles 369 | Gaskets 372

| Specific Engine Gaskets 375 | Adhesives, Sealants,

and Other Sealing Materials 378 | Oil Seals 382 |

Engine Reassembly 383 | Installing the Engine 394 |

Key Terms 398 | Summary 399 | Review

Questions 399 | ASE-Style Review Questions 400

CHAPTER 14

Lubricating and

Cooling Systems 402

Objectives 402 | Lubrication System 402 | Flushing

the System 410 | Cooling Systems 410 | Cooling

System Diagnosis 419 | Inspection of Cooling

System 421 | Testing for Leaks 425 | Cooling System

Service 429 | Key Terms 438 | Summary 439 | Review

Questions 439 | ASE-Style Review Questions 440

Section 3 ELECTRICITY

CHAPTER 15

Basics of Electrical

Systems 442

Objectives 442 | Basics of Electricity 443 | Electrical

Terms 445 | Ohm’s Law 449 | Circuits 453 | Circuit

Components 456 | Key Terms 468 | Summary 468 |

Review Questions 468 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 469

CHAPTER 16

General Electrical System

Diagnostics and Service 471

Objectives 471 | Electrical Problems 471 | Electrical

Wiring Diagrams 475 | Electrical Testing Tools 477 |

Using Multimeters 483 | Using Lab Scopes 493 |

Testing Basic Electrical Components 497 |

Troubleshooting Circuits 501 | Testing for Common

Problems 505 | Connector and Wire Repairs 510 |

Key Terms 517 | Summary 517 | Review

Questions 517 | ASE-Style Review Questions 518

CHAPTER 17

Batteries: Theory,

Diagnosis, and Service 520

Objectives 520 | Basic Battery Theory 520 | Battery

Hardware 523 | Battery Ratings 524 | Common Types

of Batteries 525 | Lead-Acid Batteries 526 | Servicing

and Testing Batteries 530 | Jump-Starting 543 | Key

Terms 546 | Summary 546 | Review Questions 547 |

ASE-Style Review Questions 548

Section 3 ELECTRICITY 442

CONTENTS v

CHAPTER 18

Starting and Motor

Systems 549

Objectives 549 | Basics of Electromagnetism 550 |

Starting Motors 553 | Starting System 556 | Starter

Motor Circuit 557 | Control Circuit 562 | Starting

System Testing 563 | Key Terms 573 | Summary 573

| Review Questions 574 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 575

CHAPTER 19

Charging Systems 577

Objectives 577 | Alternating Current Charging

Systems 578 | AC Generator Operation 583 | Voltage

Regulation 584 | Current Trends 588 | Preliminary

Checks 591 | General Testing Procedures 595 | AC

Generator Service 600 | Key Terms 601 |

Summary 601 | Review Questions 601 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 602

CHAPTER 20

Lighting Systems 604

Objectives 604 | Automotive Lamps 604 |

Headlights 607 | Headlight Switches 613 | Automatic

Light Systems 615 | Headlight Service 618 |

Headlight Replacement 621 | Basic Lighting System

Diagnosis 625 | Rear Exterior Lights 627 | Interior

Light Assemblies 638 | Key Terms 642 |

Summary 642 | Review Questions 642 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 643

CHAPTER 21

Instrumentation and

Information Displays 645

Objectives 645 | Instrument Panels 646 |

Displays 646 | Mechanical Gauges 648 | Electronic

Instrument Clusters 652 | Basic Information

Gauges 653 | Indicator and Warning Devices 658 |

Driver Information Centers 663 | Key Terms 664 |

Summary 664 | Review Questions 665 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 665

CHAPTER 22

Basics of Electronics and

Computer Systems 667

Objectives 667 | Capacitors 667 |

Semiconductors 669 | Computer Basics 672 |

Multiplexing 680 | Protecting Electronic Systems 685

| Diagnosing Modules and Networks 686 | Testing

Electronic Circuits and Components 688 | Key

Terms 691 | Summary 692 | Review Questions 692 |

ASE-Style Review Questions 693

CHAPTER 23

Electrical Accessories 695

Objectives 695 | Windshield Wiper/Washer

Systems 696 | Horns/Clocks/Cigarette Lighter

Systems 703 | Cruise (Speed) Control Systems 705 |

Adaptive Cruise Control 707 | Sound Systems 709 |

Telematics 714 | Navigation Systems 715 | Power

Lock Systems 717 | Power Windows 718 | Power

Seats 722 | Power Mirror System 726 | Rear-Window

Defrosters and Heated Mirror Systems 727 | Other

Electronic Equipment 728 | Garage Door Opener

System 735 | Security and Antitheft Devices 735 |

Key Terms 738 | Summary 738 | Review

Questions 739 | ASE-Style Review Questions 740

Section 4 ENGINE PERFORMANCE

CHAPTER 24

Engine Performance

Systems 742

Objectives 742 | Ignition Systems 743 | Fuel

System 745 | Air Induction System 747 | Emission

Control Systems 747 | Engine Control Systems 748 |

Computer Logic 750 | On-Board Diagnostic Systems

751 | System Operation 753 | Obd Ii Monitoring

Capabilities 754 | Obd II Self-Diagnostics 764 |

MIL 764 | Basic Diagnosis of Electronic Engine Control

Systems 768 | Diagnosing Obd II Systems 768 | Key

Terms 775 | Summary 776 | Review Questions 776 |

ASE-Style Review Questions 777

CHAPTER 25

Detailed Diagnosis

and Sensors 779

Objectives 779 | Using Scan Tool Data 779 |

Symptom-Based Diagnosis 784 | Basic Testing 787 |

Diagnosis of Computer Voltage Supply and Ground

Wires 789 | Switches 792 | Temperature Sensors 793

| Pressure Sensors 796 | Mass Airflow (MAF)

Sensors 799 | Oxygen Sensors (O2S) 802 | Testing

Air-Fuel Ratio (A/F) Sensors 809 | Position

Sensors 810 | EGR Valve Position Sensor 813 |

Speed Sensors 814 | Position/Speed Sensors 818 |

Knock Sensor (KS) 821 | Computer Outputs and

Actuators 822 | Testing Actuators 823 | Key

Terms 826 | Summary 826 | Review Questions 827 |

ASE-Style Review Questions 827

CHAPTER 26

Ignition Systems 829

Objectives 829 | Basic Circuitry 830 | Ignition

Components 833 | Triggering and Switching

Devices 838 | Engine Position Sensors 839 |

Distributor Ignition System Operation 841 | Electronic

Ignition Systems 841 | EI System Operation 845 | Key

Terms 849 | Summary 849 | Review Questions 850 |

ASE-Style Review Questions 850

CHAPTER 27

Ignition System Diagnosis

and Service 852

Objectives 852 | Misfires 853 | General Ignition System

Diagnosis 853 | Ignition System Inspection 854 |

No-Start Diagnosis 859 | Diagnosing with an Engine

Analyzer 862 | Diagnosing with a Dso or Gmm 869 |

Ignition Timing 870 | Diagnosing Primary Circuit

Components 873 | Secondary Circuit Tests and

Service 878 | Key Terms 885 | Summary 885 | Review

Questions 886 | ASE-Style Review Questions 886

CHAPTER 28

Gasoline, Diesel,

and Other Fuels 888

Objectives 888 | Crude Oil 889 | Gasoline 891 | Basic

Gasoline Additives 893 | Oxygenates 894 |

MTBE 894 | Gasoline Quality Testing 895 |

Alternatives to Gasoline 896 | Diesel Fuel 903 | Diesel

Engines 906 | Diesel Fuel Injection 908 | Diesel

Emission Controls 917 | Diagnostics 922 | Key

Terms 925 | Summary 925 | Review Questions 926 |

ASE-Style Review Questions 926

CHAPTER 29

Fuel Delivery Systems 928

Objectives 928 | Guidelines for Safely Working on

Fuel Systems 930 | Fuel Tanks 931 | Filler Caps 934 |

Fuel Lines and Fittings 936 | Fuel Filters 939 | Fuel

Pumps 940 | Key Terms 956 | Summary 956 | Review

Questions 956 | ASE-Style Review Questions 957

CHAPTER 30

Electronic Fuel Injection 959

Objectives 959 | Basic Efi 960 | Throttle Body

Injection (TBI) 965 | Port Fuel Injection (PFI) 965 |

Pressure Regulators 968 | Central Port Injection

(Cpi) 970 | Gasoline Direct-Injection Systems 973 |

Key Terms 978 | Summary 978 | Review

Questions 979 | ASE-Style Review Questions 979

Chapter 31

Fuel Injection System

Diagnosis and Service 981

Objectives 981 | Preliminary Checks 982 | Basic Efi

System Checks 983 | Injector Service 995 | Fuel Rail,

Injector, and Regulator Service 997 | Electronic

Throttle Controls 1001 | Idle Speed Checks 1004 |

Key Terms 1006 | Summary 1006 | Review

Questions 1007 | ASE-Style Review Questions 1007

CHAPTER 32

Intake and Exhaust

Systems 1009

Objectives 1009 | Vacuum Systems 1009 | Air

Induction System 1012 | Induction Hoses 1012 |

Intake Manifolds 1013 | Forced Induction

Systems 1017 | Turbochargers 1019 |

Superchargers 1026 | Exhaust System

Components 1028 | Catalytic Converters 1031 |

Exhaust System Service 1034 | Key Terms 1037 |

Summary 1037 | Review Questions 1038 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 1039

CHAPTER 33

Emission Control

Systems 1041

Objectives 1041 | Pollutants 1041 | Emission Control

Devices 1045 | Evaporative Emission Control

Systems 1048 | Precombustion Systems 1052 |

Postcombustion Systems 1060 | Diesel Emission

Controls 1063 | Key Terms 1068 | Summary 1068 |

Review Questions 1068 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 1069

CHAPTER 34

Emission Control

Diagnosis and Service 1071

Objectives 1071 | OBD II Test 1072 | Testing

Emissions 1075 | Basic Inspection 1079 | Evaporative

Emission Control System Diagnosis and Service 1081

| Pcv System Diagnosis and Service 1086 | Egr

System Diagnosis and Service 1089 | Catalytic

Converter Diagnosis 1095 | Air System Diagnosis

and Service 1097 | Key Terms 1099 | Summary 1099

| Review Questions 1100 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 1101

CHAPTER 35

Hybrid Vehicles 1103

Objectives 1103 | Hybrid Vehicles 1103 | Hybrid

Technology 1106 | Accessories 1112 | HVAC 1112 |

GM’s Series Hybrids 1113 | GM’s Parallel

Hybrids 1115 | Honda’s IMA System 1117 | IMA 1118

| Toyota’s Power-Split Hybrids 1121 | Ford

Hybrids 1127 | 4WD 1130 | Porsche and Volkswagen

Hybrids 1131 | Hyundai and Kia Hybrids 1132

Nissan/Infiniti Hybrids 1133 | Bmw Hybrids 1133 |

Mercedes-Benz Hybrids 1134 | Maintenance and

Service 1135 | Key Terms 1142 | Summary 1142 |

Review Questions 1144 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 1144

CHAPTER 36

Electric Vehicles 1146

Objectives 1146 | A Look at History 1147 | Zero-

Emissions Vehicles 1148 | Major Parts 1149 | Battery

Charging 1152 | Accessories 1156 | HVAC 1156 |

Driving a BEV 1157 | Ford Focus 1159 | Nissan

Leaf 1160 | Mitsubishi i-MiEV 1161 | Tesla 1162 |

Honda Fit Ev 1164 | Basic Diagnosis 1165 | Fuel Cell

Vehicles 1167 | Fuel Cells 1170 | Current

FCEVs 1176 | Toyota 1176 | Honda 1178 |

Hyundai 1178 | Prototype FCEVs 1178 | Audi 1179 |

Daimler 1179 | Key Terms 1181 | Summary 1181 |

Review Questions 1181 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 1182

Section 5 MANUAL TRANSMISSIONS AND TRANSAXLES  1184

CHAPTER 37

Clutches 1184

Objectives 1184 | Operation 1185 | Clutch Service

Safety Precautions 1194 | Clutch Maintenance 1194 |

Clutch Problem Diagnosis 1195 | Clutch Service 1199

| Linkage Service 1202 | Key Terms 1204 |

Summary 1205 | Review Questions 1205 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 1206

CHAPTER 38

Manual Transmissions

and Transaxles 1208

Objectives 1208 | Transmission Versus

Transaxle 1209 | Gears 1210 | Basic Gear

Theory 1212 | Transmission/Transaxle Design 1214 |

Synchronizers 1217 | Gearshift Mechanisms 1219 |

Transmission Power Flow 1220 | Transaxle Power

Flows 1224 | Final Drive Gears and Overall

Ratios 1226 | Dual Clutch Transmissions 1226 |

Electrical Systems 1232 | Key Terms 1233 |

Summary 1233 | Review Questions 1234 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 1235

CHAPTER 39

Manual Transmission/

Transaxle Service 1237

Objectives 1237 | Lubricant Check 1238 | In-Vehicle

Service 1241 | Diagnosing Problems 1242 |

Transmission/Transaxle Removal 1246 | Cleaning and

Inspection 1248 | Disassembly and Reassembly of

the Differential Case 1252 | Reassembly/Reinstallation

of Transmission/Transaxle 1253 | Key Term 1254 |

Summary 1254 | Review Questions 1255 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 1256

CHAPTER 40

Drive Axles and

Differentials 1257

Objectives 1257 | Basic Diagnosis and Service 1257 |

Front-Wheel Drive (FWD) Axles 1258 | Types of CV

Joints 1259 | Front-Wheel Drive Applications 1260 |

CV Joint Service 1262 | Rear-Wheel Drive Shafts 1268

| Operation of U-Joints 1269 | Types of U-Joints 1272 |

Diagnosis of Drivetrain Problems 1273 | Final Drives and

Drive Axles 1282 | Limited-Slip Differentials 1286 | Axle

Shafts 1288 | Servicing the Final Drive Assembly 1291

| Key Terms 1297 | Summary 1297 | Review

Questions 1298 | ASE-Style Review Questions 1298

Section 6 AUTOMATIC TRANSMISSIONS AND TRANSAXLES  1300

CHAPTER 41

Automatic Transmissions

and Transaxles 1300

Objectives 1300 | Torque Converter 1302 | Lockup

Torque Converter 1307 | Planetary Gears 1310 |

Compound Planetary Gearsets 1312 | Honda’s

Nonplanetary-Based Transmission 1318 |

Continuously Variable Transmissions (CVT) 1320 |

Planetary Gear Controls 1323 | Transmission

Clutches 1325 | Bearings, Bushings, and Thrust

Washers 1330 | Snaprings 1331 | Gaskets and

Seals 1332 | Final Drives and Differentials 1335 |

Hydraulic System 1336 | Application of Hydraulics in

Transmissions 1337 | Pressure Boosts 1341 | Shift

Quality 1342 | Gear Changes 1344 | Key Terms 1347

| Summary 1347 | Review Questions 1348 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 1349

CHAPTER 42

Electronic Automatic

Transmissions 1351

Objectives 1351 | Transmission Control Module 1353

| Hybrid Transmissions 1365 | Basic EAT Testing 1367

| Converter Clutch Control Diagnostics 1372 | Detailed

Testing of Inputs 1374 | Detailed Testing of

Actuators 1376 | Key Terms 1379 | Summary 1379 |

Review Questions 1379 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 1380

CHAPTER 43

Automatic Transmission

and Transaxle Service 1382

Objectives 1382 | Identification 1382 | Basic

Service 1383 | Basic Diagnostics 1389 | Visual

Inspection 1389 | Road Testing the Vehicle 1392 |

Checking the Torque Converter 1395 | Diagnosing

Hydraulic and Vacuum Control Systems 1398 |

Common Problems 1401 | Linkages 1403 |

Replacing, Rebuilding, and Installing a

Transmission 1404 | Key Term 1410 | Summary 1410

| Review Questions 1410 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 1411

CHAPTER 44

Four- and All-Wheel

Drive 1413

Objectives 1413 | Types of Drives 1414 | 4WD

Drivelines 1423 | Interaxle (Center) Differentials 1427 |

Audi’s Quattro System 1428 | Helical Center

Differential 1428 | Torque Vectoring 1432 | Diagnosing

4WD and AWD Systems 1435 | Servicing 4WD

Vehicles 1439 | Key Terms 1446 | Summary 1446 |

Review Questions 1446 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 1447

Section 7 SUSPENSION AND STEERING SYSTEMS  1449

CHAPTER 45

Tires and Wheels 1449

Objectives 1449 | Wheels 1450 | Tires 1451 | Tire

Ratings and Designations 1456 | Tire Pressure

Monitor (TPM) Systems 1462 | Tire/Wheel

Runout 1467 | Tire Replacement 1468 | Tire/Wheel

Assembly Service 1471 | Tire Repair 1471 | Wheel

Bearings 1477 | Key Terms 1482 | Summary 1482 |

Review Questions 1483 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 1484

CHAPTER 46

Suspension Systems 1486

Objectives 1486 | Frames 1487 | Suspension System

Components 1487 | Independent Front

Suspension 1496 | Basic Front-Suspension

Diagnosis 1503 | Front-Suspension Component

Servicing 1506 | Rear-Suspension Systems 1515 |

Semi-Independent Suspension 1518 | Electronically

Controlled Suspensions 1521 | Servicing Electronic

Suspension Components 1526 | Active

Suspensions 1528 | Key Terms 1530 |

Summary 1531 | Review Questions 1531 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 1532

CHAPTER 47

Steering Systems 1534

Objectives 1534 | Mechanical Steering Systems 1535

| Power-Steering Systems 1542 | Electronically

Controlled Power-Steering Systems 1549 | Steering

System Diagnosis 1554 | Diagnosis 1555 | Specific

Checks 1558 | Steering System Servicing 1565 |

Power-Steering System Servicing 1571 | Four-Wheel

Steering Systems 1575 | Key Terms 1581 |

Summary 1581 | Review Questions 1582 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 1583

Chapter 48

Restraint Systems: Theory,

Diagnosis, and Service 1584

Objectives 1584 | Seat Belts 1585 | Seat Belt

Service 1587 | Air Bags 1589 | Electrical System

Components 1593 | Diagnosis 1598 | Servicing the

Air Bag System 1599 | Other Protection

Systems 1601 | Key Terms 1603 | Summary 1603 |

Review Questions 1604 | ASE-Style Review

Questions 1605

CHAPTER 49

Wheel Alignment 1607

Objectives 1607 | Wheel Alignment 1607 | Alignment

Geometry 1608 | Prealignment Inspection 1614 |

Wheel Alignment Equipment 1616 | Alignment

Machines 1618 | Performing an Alignment 1619 |

Four-Wheel Drive Vehicle Alignment 1629 | Key

Terms 1630 | Summary 1630 | Review

Questions 1630 | ASE-Style Review Questions 1631

 

CHAPTER 50

Brake Systems 1633

Objectives 1633 | Friction 1634 | Principles of

Hydraulic Brake Systems 1637 | Hydraulic Brake

System Components 1640 | Master Cylinders 1641 |

Master Cylinder Operation 1645 | Fast-Fill and Quick

Take-Up Master Cylinders 1645 | Central-Valve

Master Cylinders 1647 | Hydraulic Tubes and

Hoses 1647 | Hydraulic System Safety Switches and

Valves 1649 | Drum and Disc Brake Assemblies 1655

| Hydraulic System Service 1656 | Power

Brakes 1664 | Pushrod Adjustment 1667 | Hydraulic

Brake Boosters 1668 | Electric Parking Brakes 1670 |

Key Terms 1671 | Summary 1672 | Review

Questions 1672 | ASE-Style Review Questions 1673

CHAPTER 51

Drum Brakes 1675

Objectives 1675 | Drum Brake Operation 1675 | Drum

Brake Components 1676 | Drum Brake Designs 1680

| Road Testing Brakes 1686 | Drum Brake

Inspection 1686 | Brake Shoes and Linings 1694 |

Wheel Cylinder Inspection and Servicing 1697 | Drum

Parking Brakes 1698 | Key Terms 1701 |

Summary 1701 | Review Questions 1701 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 1702

CHAPTER 52

Disc Brakes 1704

Objectives 1704 | Disc Brake Components and their

Functions 1705 | Rear-Wheel Disc Brakes 1713 | Disc

Brake Diagnosis 1715 | Service Guidelines 1717 |

General Caliper Inspection and Servicing 1719 | Rear

Disc Brake Calipers 1727 | Rotor Inspection 1728 |

Rotor Service 1732 | Key Terms 1736 |

Summary 1736 | Review Questions 1736 | ASE-Style

Review Questions

1737

CHAPTER 53

Antilock Brake, Traction

Control, and Stability

Control Systems 1739

Objectives 1739 | Antilock Brakes 1739 | Types of

Antilock Brake Systems 1747 | ABS Operation 1748 |

Automatic Traction Control 1752 | Automatic Stability

Control 1754 | Antilock Brake System Service 1757 |

Diagnosis and Testing 1758 | Testing Traction and

Stability Control Systems 1765 | New Trends 1765 |

Key Terms 1766 | Summary 1766 | Review

Questions 1767 | ASE-Style Review Questions 1767

Section 8 BRAKES 1633

CHAPTER 54

Heating and Air

Conditioning 1769

Objectives 1769 | Ventilation System 1770 |

Automotive Heating Systems 1770 | Heating System

Service 1775 | Theory of Automotive Air

Conditioning 1779 | Refrigerants 1779 | Basic

Operation of an Air-Conditioning System 1782 |

Compressors 1784 | Condenser 1790 | Receiver/

Dryer 1792 | Thermostatic Expansion Valve/Orifice

Tube 1793 | Evaporator 1794 | Refrigerant

Lines 1795 | Air-Conditioning Systems and

Controls 1796 | Temperature Control Systems 1799 |

Key Terms 1803 | Summary 1804 | Review

Questions 1804 | ASE-Style Review Questions 1805

CHAPTER 55

Air-Conditioning Diagnosis

and Service 1807

Objectives 1807 | Service Precautions 1807 |

Refrigerant Safety Precautions 1808 | Initial System

Checks 1810 | Diagnosis 1812 | Performance

Testing 1814 | Leak Testing 1819 | Emptying the

System 1822 | General Service 1823 | Recharging the

System 1832 | Climate Control Systems 1836 |

Summary 1839 | Review Questions 1840 | ASE-Style

Review Questions 1841

APPEndix A

Decimal and Metric Equivalents 1843

APPEndix B

General Torque Specifications 1844

GlossARy 1845

Index 1883

Section 9 PASSENGER COMFORT 1769

This book is US$10. Order for this book:
(Request for free sample pages click on "Order Now" button)

Book Order
Or, Send email: textileebooks@gmail.com

Share this Book!

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.