Contemporary World History,7th Edition PDF by William J Duiker

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Contemporary World History, Seventh Edition

By William J. Duiker

Contemporary World History, Seventh Edition

Detailed Contents:

Historical Voices: Documents xiv

Maps xvi

Features xvii

Preface xviii

Themes for Understanding World History xxii

Part I

New World in the Making 1

1 T he Rise of Industrial Society

in the West 2

1-1 The Industrial Revolution in Great Britain 3

1-2 The Spread of the Industrial Revolution 4

1-2a The Pace Quickens 4

1-3 The Emergence of a Mass Society 7

1-3a Social Structures 7

1-3b Changing Roles for Women 8

HISTORICAL VOICES

Discipline in the New Factories 9

Com parative Illustration

The Dual Face of the Industrial Revolution 10

HISTORICAL VOICES

A Plea for Women’s Rights 11

MOVIES & HISTORY

Suffragette (2015) 12

1-4 Reaction and Revolution: The Decline of the

Old Order 12

1-4a Liberalism and Nationalism 12

1-4b The Revolutions of 1848 13

1-4c The Unifications of Italy and Germany 13

1-4d Roots of Revolution in Russia 14

1-4e The Ottoman Empire and Nationalism in the

Balkans 15

1-5 The Triumph of Liberalism in the West 16

1-5a The United States and Canada 17

1-5b Tradition and Change in Latin America 17

1-6 The Rise of the Socialist Movement 19

1-6a The Rise of Marxism 20

1-6b Capitalism in Transition 20

HISTORICAL VOICES

The Classless Society 21

1-7 Toward the Modern Consciousness: Intellectual

and Cultural Developments 22

1-7a Developments in the Sciences: The Emergence of a

New Physics 22

1-7b Charles Darwin and the Theory of Evolution 23

1-7c Sigmund Freud and the Emergence of

Psychoanalysis 23

1-7d Literature and the Arts: The Culture of

Modernity 23

HISTORICAL VOICES

The Theory of Evolution 24

MAKING CONNECTIONS ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER TIMELINE ● CHAPTER

NOTES 26

2 T he High Tide of Imperialism:

Africa and Asia in an Era of

Western Dominance 28

2-1 The Spread of Colonial Rule 29

2-1a The Myth of European Superiority 29

2-1b The Advent of Western Imperialism 30

2-2 The Colonial System 31

2-2a The Philosophy of Colonialism 31

2-3 India Under the British Raj 32

Opposing View points

White Man’s Burden, Black Man’s Sorrow 33

2-3a The Nature of British Rule 34

MOVIES & HISTORY

A Passage to India (1984) 36

2-4 The Colonial Takeover of Southeast Asia 36

2-4a The Imposition of Colonial Rule 36

2-4b Colonial Regimes in Southeast Asia 38

Com parative Illustration

Cultural Influences, East and West 39

2-5 Empire Building in Africa 40

2-5a Africa Before Imperialism 41

2-5b The Growing European Presence in West

Africa 41

HISTORICAL VOICES

Tragedy at Caffard Cove 42

2-5c Imperialist Shadow over the Nile 43

2-5d The Scramble for Africa 43

2-5e Bantus, Boers, and British in South Africa 45

2-5f Colonialism in Africa 46

2-6 Patterns of Resistance to Colonial Conquest 47

2-6a Opposition to Colonial Rule in Africa 47

Opposing View points

To Resist or Not to Resist 48

2-6b The Sepoy Uprising 49

2-6c The Path of Collaboration 50

2-6d Imperialism: Drawing Up the Balance Sheet 50

MAKING CONNECTIONS ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER TIMELINE ● CHAPTER

NOTES 51

3 Shadows over the Pacific:

East Asia Under Challenge 53

3-1 China at Its Apex 54

3-1a Changeless China? 54

3-2 Traditional China in Transition 56

3-2a Opium and Rebellion 56

3-2b The Taiping Rebellion 56

3-2c Efforts at Reform 58

Opposing View points

Practical Learning or Confucian Essence:

The Debate over Reform 58

3-2d The Climax of Imperialism in China 59

3-2e The Collapse of the Old Order 60

HISTORICAL VOICES

Program for a New China 62

3-3 Chinese Society in Transition 63

3-3a The Impact of Western Imperialism 63

3-3b Daily Life in Qing China 63

3-3c Changing Roles for Women 64

3-4 Traditional Japan and the End of Isolation 65

3-4a A “Closed Country” 65

3-4b The Opening of Japan 66

3-5 Rich Country, Strong Army 67

3-5a The Transformation of Japanese Politics 67

3-5b Meiji Economics 68

3-5c Building a Modern Social Structure 68

HISTORICAL VOICES

The Rules of Good Citizenship in Meiji Japan 69

3-5d Joining the Imperialist Club 70

3-5e Japanese Culture in Transition 71

MAKING CONNECTIONS ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER TIMELINE ● CHAPTER

NOTES 72

Part I REFLECTIONS 74

Part II

cultures in collision 77

4 War and Revolution: World War I

and Its Aftermath 78

4-1 The Coming of War 79

4-1a Rising Tensions in Europe 79

4-1b Crisis in the Balkans, 1908–1913 79

4-1c The Outbreak of War 80

4-2 The World at War 80

4-2a Illusions of Victory, 1914–1915 81

4-2b The Great Slaughter, 1916–1917 81

4-2c The Widening of the War 83

Opposing View points

The Excitement and the Reality of War 84

MOVIES & HISTORY

Lawrence of Arabia (1962) 85

4-2d The Home Front: The Impact of Total War 86

4-2e The Last Year of the War 86

HISTORICAL VOICES

Women in the Factories 87

4-3 The Peace Settlement 88

4-3a The Vision of Woodrow Wilson 88

4-3b The Treaty of Versailles 89

4-4 Revolution in Russia 90

4-4a The March Uprising 90

4-4b The Bolshevik Revolution 91

HISTORICAL VOICES

All Power to the Soviets! 92

4-4c The Civil War 93

4-5 An Uncertain Peace 94

4-5a The Search for Security 94

4-5b A Return to Normalcy? 96

4-5c The Great Depression 97

4-5d Building Socialism in Soviet Russia 98

4-6 The Search for a New Reality in the Arts 101

4-6a New Schools of Artistic Expression 101

4-6b Culture for the Masses 102

making connections ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER Timeline ● CHAPTER

NOTES 103

5 Nationalism, Revolution, and

Dictatorship: Asia, the Middle East,

and Latin America 1919 –1939 105

5-1 The Spread of Nationalism in Asia and the

Middle East 106

5-1a Stirrings of Nationhood 106

5-1b Modern Nationalism 107

5-1c Gandhi and the Indian National Congress 108

MOVIES & HISTORY

Gandhi (1982) 109

5-1d Revolt in the Middle East 110

Com parative Illustration

Masters and Disciples 111

Opposing View points

Islam in the Modern World: Two Views 113

5-1e Nationalism and Revolution 116

5-2 Revolution in China 117

5-2a Mr. Science and Mr. Democracy: The New Culture

Movement 117

HISTORICAL VOICES

The Path of Liberation 118

5-2b The Nanjing Republic 119

HISTORICAL VOICES

A Call for Revolt 121

5-2c “Down with Confucius and Sons”: Economic, Social,

and Cultural Change in Republican China 122

HISTORICAL VOICES

An Arranged Marriage 124

5-3 Japan Between the Wars 125

5-3a Experiment in Democracy 125

5-3b A Zaibatsu Economy 125

5-3c Shidehara Diplomacy 126

5-3d Taisho Democracy: An Aberration? 126

5-4 Nationalism and Dictatorship in Latin

America 127

5-4a A Changing Economy 127

5-4b The Effects of Dependency 128

5-4c Latin American Culture 130

making connections ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER Timeline ● Chapter

Notes 131

6 T he Crisis Deepens: The Outbreak of

World War II 133

6-1 The Rise of Dictatorial Regimes 134

6-1a The Birth of Fascism 134

6-1b Hitler and Nazi Germany 135

MOVIES & HISTORY

Triumph of the Will (1934) 136

6-1c The Spread of Authoritarianism in Europe 137

6-1d The Rise of Militarism in Japan 138

6-2 The Path to War in Europe 139

6-2a Stalin Seeks a United Front 139

6-2b Decision at Munich 140

Opposing View points

The Munich Conference 141

6-3 The Path to War in Asia 142

6-3a A Monroe Doctrine for Asia 142

6-3b Tokyo’s “Southern Strategy” 143

HISTORICAL VOICES

Japan’s Justification for Expansion 144

HISTORICAL VOICES

The Four Freedoms 145

6-4 The World at War 145

6-4a The War in Europe 146

6-4b The New Order in Europe 148

6-4c War Spreads in Asia 149

6-4d The New Order in Asia 151

6-4e The Turning Point of the War, 1942–1943 152

6-4f The Last Years of the War 152

6-5 The Peace Settlement in Europe 154

6-5a The Yalta Agreement 154

6-5b Confrontation at Potsdam 154

Com parative Illustration

The Bombing of Civilians in World War II 156

6-5c The War in the Pacific Ends 156

making connections ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER Timeline ● Chapter

Notes 157

Part II reflections 160

Part III

Across the Ideological Divide 163

7 East and West in the Grip of the

Cold War 164

7-1 The Collapse of the Grand Alliance 165

7-1a The Iron Curtain Descends 165

7-1b The Truman Doctrine and the Beginnings of

Containment 166

HISTORICAL VOICES

The Truman Doctrine 167

7-1c Europe Divided 168

7-2 Cold War in Asia 171

7-2a The Chinese Civil War 171

7-2b Red Star Rising: The New China 173

Com parative Illustration

Friends and Enemies 174

7-2c The Korean War 175

7-2d Conflict in Indochina 175

7-3 From Confrontation to Coexistence 176

7-3a Khrushchev and the Era of Peaceful

Coexistence 177

Opposing View points

Peaceful Coexistence or People’s War? 178

MOVIES & HISTORY

Bridge of Spies (2015) 180

7-3b The Cuban Missile Crisis and the Move Toward

Détente 180

7-3c The Sino-Soviet Dispute 181

7-3d The Second Indochina War 181

Opposing View points

Confrontation in Southeast Asia 183

Com parative Illustration

War in the Rice Paddies 184

7-4 An Era of Equivalence 185

7-4a An End to Détente? 186

7-4b Countering the Evil Empire 186

7-4c Toward a New World Order 187

making connections ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● Chapter Timeline ● Chapter

Notes 188

8 T he United States, Canada,

and Latin America 190

8-1 The United States Since 1945 191

8-1a An Era of Prosperity and Social Commitment 191

HISTORICAL VOICES

From Dream to Reality 194

8-1b America Shifts to the Right 195

8-1c Seizing the Political Center 196

8-1d Making America Great Again? 198

8-2 The Changing Face of American Society 199

8-2a A Consumer Society, a Permissive Society 199

8-2b The Melting Pot in Action 200

8-2c The Struggle for Sexual Equality 201

HISTORICAL VOICES

Escaping the Doll’s House 202

8-2d The Environment 203

HISTORICAL VOICES

An Early Warning 205

8-2e Science and Technology 206

8-3 The World of Culture 206

8-3a Art and Architecture 207

8-3b New Concepts in Music 207

8-3c New Trends in Literature 207

8-3d Popular Culture 208

8-4 Canada: In the Shadow of Goliath 208

8-4a Society and Culture: The Canadian Difference 209

8-5 Democracy, Dictatorship, and Development in

Latin America Since 1945 210

8-5a An Era of Dependency 210

Com parative Illustration

Shifting Patterns of Religious Belief in Latin

America 212

8-5b Nationalism and the Military: The Examples of

Argentina and Brazil 213

8-5c The Mexican Way 215

8-5d The Leftist Variant 215

8-5e Trends in Latin American Culture 217

MAKING CONNECTIONS ● Reflection

Questions ● CHAPTER TIMELINE ● CHAPTER

NOTES 218

9 Brave New World: The Rise and Fall

of Communism in the Soviet Union

and Eastern Europe 220

9-1 The Postwar Soviet Union 221

9-1a From Stalin to Khrushchev 221

9-1b The Brezhnev Years, 1964–1982 223

HISTORICAL VOICES

Khrushchev Denounces Stalin 224

HISTORICAL VOICES

One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich 226

9-2 Ferment in Eastern Europe 227

9-2a Unrest in Poland 228

9-2b The Hungarian Uprising 228

9-2c The Prague Spring 229

9-2d The Persistence of Stalinism in East

Germany 229

HISTORICAL VOICES

The Brezhnev Doctrine 230

MOVIES & HISTORY

The Lives of Others (2006) 231

9-3 Culture and Society in the Soviet Bloc 232

9-3a Cultural Expression 232

9-3b Social Changes in Eastern Europe 233

9-3c Women in the Soviet Bloc 234

9-4 The Disintegration of the Soviet Empire 234

9-4a The Gorbachev Era 234

Com parative Illustration

Sideline Industries: Creeping Capitalism in a Socialist

Paradise 235

9-4b Eastern Europe: From Soviet Satellites to Sovereign

Nations 236

HISTORICAL VOICES

Vaclav Havel: A Call for a New Politics 237

9-4c End of Empire 238

9-5 The New Russia: From Empire to Nation 239

9-5a The Putin Era 240

9-5b Russia Under the New Tsar 241

making connections ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER TIMELINE ● CHAPTER

NOTES 244

10 Postwar Europe: On the Path

to Unity? 246

10-1 Western Europe: Recovery and Renewal 247

10-1a The Triumph of Democracy in Postwar

Europe 247

10-1b The Integration of Europe 248

10-2 The Modern Welfare State: Three European

Models 249

10-2a France 249

10-2b Germany: Across the Cold War Divide 252

10-2c Great Britain 254

HISTORICAL VOICES

Manifesto for Germany 255

MOVIES & HISTORY

The Iron Lady (2011) 256

10-3 Eastern Europe After the Fall of the Iron

Curtain 258

10-3a Tragedy in the Balkans: The Disintegration of Yugoslavia 258

10-4 Western Europe: The Search for Unity 260

10-4a The Curtain Rises: The Creation of the Common

Market 260

10-4b The European Union 261

10-4c Plans for Expansion: A Bridge Too Far? 261

HISTORICAL VOICES

Toward a United Europe 262

10-5 Aspects of Society in Postwar Europe 263

10-5a An Age of Affluence 263

10-5b Rethinking the Welfare State 264

10-5c Beware of Greeks Seeking Gifts 265

10-5d Democracy Under Stress 265

10-5e Social Changes: A Transvaluation of Values? 266

10-5f Expanding Roles for Women 267

10-5g The Environment 268

HISTORICAL VOICES

The Voice of the Women’s Liberation Movement 269

10-6 Aspects of Culture in Postwar Europe 269

10-6a Postwar Literature 269

Comparative Illustration

Cleaning Up the Environment 270

10-6b Music and the Arts 271

making connections ● Reflection

Questions ● Chapter Timeline ● Chapter

Notes 272

Part III reflections 274

Part Iv

Third World Rising 277

11 Toward the Pacific Century?

Japan and the Little Tigers 278

11-1 Japan: Asian Giant 279

11-1a The Occupation Era 279

11-1b The Transformation of Modern Japan: Politics

and Government 280

HISTORICAL VOICES

Japan Renounces War 281

11-1c The Economy 282

11-1d A Society in Transition 284

HISTORICAL VOICES

Growing Up in Japan 285

Com parative Illustration

From Conformity to Counterculture 286

11-1e Religion and Culture 287

11-1f The Japanese Difference 288

11-2 Taiwan: The Other China 288

11-2a From Dictatorship to Democracy 289

11-2b Crafting a Taiwanese Identity 290

11-3 Korea: A Peninsula Divided 290

11-3a The Korean Model 291

11-3b South Korea: The Little Tiger with Sharp Teeth 292

11-4 Singapore and Hong Kong: The Littlest Tigers 292

11-4a The East Asian Miracle: Fact or Myth? 294

HISTORICAL VOICES

Return to the Motherland 295

11-5 On the Margins of Asia: Postwar Australia and

New Zealand 296

MAKING CONNECTIONS ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER TIMELINE ● CHAPTER

NOTES 296

12 T he East Is Red: China Under Communism 298

12-1 China Under Mao Zedong 299

12-1a New Democracy 299

12-1b The Transition to Socialism 299

12-1c The Great Proletarian Cultural Revolution 300

MOVIES & HISTORY

The Last Emperor (1987) 301

HISTORICAL VOICES

Make Revolution! 302

12-2 From Mao to Deng 303

12-2a The Four Modernizations 303

12-2b Incident at Tiananmen Square 304

12-2c Riding the Tiger 304

Opposing View points

Students Appeal for Democracy 305

12-2d Back to Confucius? 306

12-3 Serve the People: Chinese Society Under

Communism 308

12-3a The Politics of the Mass Line 309

12-3b Economics in Command 309

12-3c Chinese Society in Flux 312

HISTORICAL VOICES

Love and Marriage in China 314

Com parative Illustration

Then and Now: Changing Clothing Styles

in China 315

12-4 China’s Changing Culture 316

12-4a Culture in a Revolutionary Era 316

12-4b Art and Architecture 316

12-4c Literature 317

12-4d Confucius and Marx: What Explains the Tenacity

of Tradition in China? 317

making connections ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER TIMELINE ● CHAPTER

NOTES 318

13 Nationalism Triumphant: The Emergence of Independent States in

South and Southeast Asia 321

13-1 South Asia 322

13-1a The End of the British Raj 322

13-1b Independent India 322

Opposing View points

Two Visions for India 323

13-1c The Land of the Pure: Pakistan Since Independence 325

13-1d Poverty and Pluralism in South Asia 326

HISTORICAL VOICES

Say No to McDonald’s and KFC! 328

Com parative Illustration

Two Indias 330

13-1e South Asian Literature Since Independence 331

13-1f What Is the Future of India? 331

HISTORICAL VOICES

A Marriage of Convenience 332

13-2 Southeast Asia 333

13-2a The End of the Colonial Era 333

13-2b In the Shadow of the Cold War 333

13-2c Southeast Asia in the New Millennium 335

HISTORICAL VOICES

The Golden Throat of President Sukarno 336

MOVIES & HISTORY

The Year of Living Dangerously (1983) 337

13-2d Regional Conflict and Cooperation: The Rise of

ASEAN 339

13-2e Daily Life: Town and Country in Contemporary

Southeast Asia 340

13-2f Cultural Trends 341

13-2g A Region in Flux 342

MAKING CONNECTIONS ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER TIMELINE ● CHAPTER

NOTES 343

14 Emerging Africa 345

14-1 Uhuru: The Struggle for Independence

in Africa 346

14-1a The Colonial Legacy 346

14-1b The Rise of Nationalism 347

14-2 The Era of Independence 349

14-2a The Destiny of Africa: Unity or Diversity? 349

HISTORICAL VOICES

Toward African Unity 350

14-2b Dream and Reality: Political and Economic

Conditions in Independent Africa 350

HISTORICAL VOICES

Stealing the Nation’s Riches 351

14-2c The Search for Solutions 353

HISTORICAL VOICES

Socialism Is Not Racialism 354

14-2d Africa: A Continent in Flux 356

Com parative Illustration

New Housing for the Poor 358

14-3 Continuity and Change in Modern African

Societies 358

14-3a Education 359

14-3b Urban and Rural Life 359

14-3c Religious Belief 360

14-3d African Women 360

14-3e African Culture 361

Opposing View points

Africa: Dark Continent or Radiant Land? 363

making connections ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● CHAPTER TIMELINE ● CHAPTER

NOTES 365

15 Ferment in the Middle East 367

15-1 Crescent of Conflict 368

HISTORICAL VOICES

I Accuse! 369

15-1a The Question of Palestine 370

15-1b Nasser and Pan-Arabism 370

Opposing View points

The Arab and the Jewish Case for Palestine 371

15-1c The Arab-Israeli Dispute 373

15-1d Revolution in Iran 375

MOVIES & HISTORY

Persepolis (2007) 377

15-1e Crisis in the Persian Gulf 378

15-1f Turmoil in the Middle East 379

15-2 Society and Culture in the Contemporary

Middle East 381

15-2a Varieties of Government: The Politics of

Islam 381

15-2b The Economics of the Middle East: Oil and

Sand 382

HISTORICAL VOICES

Islam and Democracy 383

Com parative Illustration

From Rags to Riches in the Middle East 384

15-2c The Islamic Revival 385

15-2d Women in the Middle East 386

15-2e Literature and Art 387

HISTORICAL VOICES

Keeping the Camel Out of the Tent 388

making connections ● CHAPTER

Timeline ● Chapter Notes ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS 389

Part IV reflections 391

Part v

The New Millennium 395

16 T he Challenge of a New

Millennium 396

16-1 After the Cold War: The Revenge of History 397

16-2 Contemporary Capitalism and Its

Discontents 398

16-2a The View from the Top 398

16-2b Life on the Margins of Capitalism 401

HISTORICAL VOICES

Women on the Front Lines of Development 403

HISTORICAL VOICES

Migration and Climate Change 406

16-3 From the Industrial to the Technological

Revolution 407

16-3a Is Technology a Magic Wand? 409

16-4 Democracy in Crisis 410

16-4a Europe Today: Nationalism Redux 411

16-4b The Making of Two Americas 412

16-5 A Transvaluation of Values: Social Change in the Technological Era 413

16-5a Family and Society 413

16-5b Religion: A Matter of Faith 414

16-5c Technology and Society 416

16-6 One World, One Environment 417

16-6a A Nightmare Scenario 419

16-6b Facing the Prospect of Climate Change 419

16-6c The Debate over Global Warming 420

16-6d Population Growth and the Environment 421

HISTORICAL VOICES

The UN Raises the Alarm 422

16-7 The Arts: Mirror of the Age 423

making connections ● REFLECTION

QUESTIONS ● Chapter Timeline ● Chapter

Notes 424

Glossary 429

Index 435

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