Computational Intelligence in Logistics and Supply Chain Management PDF by Thomas Hanne and Rolf Dornberger

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Computational Intelligence in Logistics and Supply Chain Management
By Thomas Hanne and Rolf Dornberger
Computational Intelligence in Logistics and Supply Chain Management

Contents

1 Introduction to Logistics and Supply Chain Management . . . . . . 1
1.1 The Concept of Logistics and Supply Chain Management . . . . . 1
1.2 A Short History of Logistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
1.3 Recent Trends and the Modern Importance of Logistics . . . . . . 5
1.4 The Need for a Better Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2 Computational Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.1 Foundations of Computational Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.1.1 Artificial and Computational Intelligence and Related
Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.1.2 Properties of Computational Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . 17
2.1.3 The Big Picture of Computational Intelligence . . . . . . . 18
2.1.4 Application Areas of Computational Intelligence . . . . . . 20
2.2 Methods of Computational Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2.2.1 Evolutionary Computation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
2.2.2 Evolutionary Algorithms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
2.2.3 Swarm Intelligence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
2.2.4 Neural Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
2.2.5 Fuzzy Logic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
2.2.6 Artificial Immune System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
2.2.7 Further Related Methods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
3 Transportation Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
3.1 Assignment Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
3.2 Shortest Paths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
3.3 The Travelling Salesman Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
3.4 Methods for Solving the Travelling Salesman Problem . . . . . . . 50
3.4.1 Heuristics for the Travelling Salesman Problem . . . . . . . 50
3.4.2 Evolutionary Algorithms for the Travelling
Salesman Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
3.4.3 Other Metaheuristics and Neural Networks
for the Travelling Salesman Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
3.4.4 On the Performance of Solution Approaches . . . . . . . . . 56
3.5 The Vehicle Routing Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
3.5.1 The Vehicle Routing Problem
with Time Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
3.5.2 The Vehicle Routing Problem
with Multiple Vehicles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59
3.5.3 The Vehicle Routing Problem
with Multiple Depots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
3.5.4 More Differentiated Problem Variants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61
3.6 Solution Approaches for Vehicle Routing Problems . . . . . . . . . 62
3.7 The Pickup and Delivery Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
3.8 Network Flow Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68
4 Inventory Planning and Lot-Sizing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
4.1 The Need for Inventory Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73
4.2 Economic Order Quantities and Safety Stocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
4.3 Capacitated Lot-Sizing Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79
4.4 Solution Approaches for Capacitated
Lot-Sizing Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83
4.5 Planning Warehouse Operations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85
4.6 Storage Locations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
4.7 Inventory Routing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94
5 Scheduling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
5.1 Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99
5.2 Simple Rules and Heuristics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100
5.3 Standard Scheduling Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103
5.3.1 Job Shop Scheduling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
5.3.2 Flow Shop Scheduling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106
5.3.3 Open Shop Scheduling . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
5.4 Specific Scheduling Problems in Logistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108
5.5 Solving Scheduling Problems with Computational
Intelligence Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
5.5.1 Encoding Issues . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 110
5.5.2 Usage of Metaheuristics in Scheduling . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
6 Location Planning and Network Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
6.1 Location Planning as Multicriteria Decision Problems . . . . . . . 121
6.2 Discrete Location Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123
6.2.1 The p-Median Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 124
6.2.2 The p-Center Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128
6.2.3 The Uncapacitated Facility Location
Problem (UFLP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 130
6.2.4 The Capacitated Facility Location Problem (CFLP) . . . . 133
6.3 Continuous Location Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
6.3.1 The Uncapacitated Multi-facility
Weber Problem (UMWP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
6.3.2 The Capacitated Multi-facility Weber
Problem (CMWP) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
6.4 Location Routing Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 141
6.5 Hub Location Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
6.6 Multi-Echelon Network Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
6.7 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 146
7 Intelligent Software for Logistics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
7.1 General-Purpose Optimization Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 153
7.1.1 Setting Up a Suitable Model for the Optimization
Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
7.1.2 Integration of Optimization Software with Logistics
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156
7.1.3 Adapting the Method to the Problem
Under Consideration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
7.2 Software Providing Specific Optimization Algorithms
or Supporting Particular Optimization Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . 157
7.3 General-Purpose Business Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 160
7.4 Logistics Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
7.4.1 Warehouse Management Systems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
7.4.2 Software for Transportation Planning . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
7.4.3 Packing and Loading Software . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
7.5 Conclusions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Authors Brief Biographies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 173
 
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