Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment Edited by Lawrence K. Wang


Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous Wastes Treatment
Second Edition, Revised and Expanded
Edited by Lawrence K. Wang, Yung-Tse Hung, Howard H. Lo, Constantine Yapijakis

Handbook of Industrial and Hazardous


Preface v
Contributors xi
1. Implementation of Industrial Ecology for Industrial Hazardous Waste
Lawrence K.Wang and Donald B.Aulenbach 1
2. Bioassay of Industrial and Hazardous Waste Pollutants
Sveltana Yu.Selivanovskaya, Venera Z.Latypova, Nadezda Yu.Stepanova, and Yung-Tse Hung 17
3. Treatment of Pharmaceutical Wastes
Sudhir Kumar Gupta, Sunil Kumar Gupta, and Yung-Tse Hung 71
4. Treatment of Oilfield and Refinery Wastes
Joseph M.Wong and Yung-Tse Hung 144
5. Treatment of Metal Finishing Wastes
Olcay Tünay, Işik Kabdaşh, and Yung-Tse Hung 217
6. Treatment of Photographic Processing Wastes
Thomas W.Bober, Dominick Vacco, Thomas J.Dagon, and Harvey E.Fowler 297
7. Treatment of Soap and Detergent Industry Wastes
Constantine Yapijakis and Lawrence K.Wang 353
8. Treatment of Textile Wastes
Thomas Bechtold, Eduard Burtscher, and Yung-Tse Hung 400
9. Treatment of Phosphate Industry Wastes
Constantine Yapijakis and Lawrence K.Wang 441
10. Treatment of Pulp and Paper Mill Wastes
Suresh Sumathi and Yung-Tse Hung 495
11. In-Plant Management and Disposal of Industrial Hazardous Substances
Lawrence K.Wang 544
12. Application of Biotechnology for Industrial Waste Treatment
Joo-Hwa Tay, Stephen Tiong-Lee Tay, Volodymyr Ivanov, and Yung-Tse Hung
13. Treatment of Dairy Processing Wastewaters
Trevor J.Britz, Carné van Schalkwyk, and Yung-Tse Hung 661
14. Seafood Processing Wastewater Treatment
Joo-Hwa Tay, Kuan-Yeow Show, and Yung-Tse Hung 694
15. Treatment of Meat Wastes
Charles J.Banks and Zhengjian Wang 738
16. Treatment of Palm Oil Wastewaters
Mohd Ali Hassan, Shahrakbah Yacob, Yoshihito Shirai, and Yung-Tse Hung 776
17. Olive Oil Waste Treatment
Adel Awad, Hana Salman, and Yung-Tse Hung 798
18. Potato Wastewater Treatment
Yung-Tse Hung, Howard H.Lo, Adel Awad, and Hana Salman 882
19. Stormwater Management and Treatment
Constantine Yapijakis, Robert Leo Trotta, Chein-Chi Chang, and Lawrence K.Wang 940
20. Site Remediation and Groundwater Decontamination
Lawrence K.Wang 998
21. Pollution Prevention
J.Paul Chen, Thomas T.Shen, Yung-Tse Hung, and Lawrence K.Wang 1053
22. Treatment of Pesticide Industry Wastes
Joseph M.Wong 1091
23. Livestock Waste Treatment
J.Paul Chen, Shuaiwen Zou, Yung-Tse Hung, and Lawrence K.Wang 1142
24. Soft Drink Waste Treatment
J.Paul Chen, Swee-Song Seng, and Yung-Tse Hung 1171
25. Bakery Waste Treatment
J.Paul Chen, Lei Yang, Renbi Bai, and Yung-Tse Hung 1189
26. Explosive Waste Treatment
J.Paul Chen, Shuaiwen Zou, Simo Olavi Pehkonen, Yung-Tse Hung, and
Lawrence K.Wang 1209
27. Food Waste Treatment
Masao Ukita, Tsuyoshi Imai, and Yung-Tse Hung 1223
28. Treatment of Landfill Leachate
Michal Bodzek, Joanna Surmacz-Gorska, and Yung-Tse Hung 1257
29. On-Site Monitoring and Analysis of Industrial Pollutants
Jerry R.Taricska, Yung-Tse Hung, and Kathleen Hung Li 1321
30. Treatment of Rubber Industry Wastes
Jerry R.Taricska, Lawrence K.Wang, Yung-Tse Hung, Joo-Hwa Tay, and
Kathleen Hung Li 1348
31. Treatment of Timber Industry Wastes
Lawrence K.Wang
32. Treatment of Power Industry Wastes
Lawrence K.Wang 1405
Index 1447

Environmental managers, engineers, and scientists who have had experience with industrial and hazardous waste management problems have noted the need for a handbook that is comprehensive in its scope, directly applicable to daily waste management problems of specific industries, and widely acceptable by practicing environmental professionals and educators.

Many standard industrial waste treatment and hazardous waste management texts adequately cover a few major industries, for conventional in-plant pollution control strategies, but no one book, or series of books, focuses on new developments in innovative and alternative environmental technology, design criteria, effluent standards, managerial decision methodology, and regional and global environmental conservation. This handbook emphasizes in-depth presentation of environmental pollution sources, waste characteristics, control technologies, management strategies, facility innovations, process alternatives, costs, case histories, effluent standards, and future trends for each industrial or commercial operation, such as the metal plating and finishing industry or the photographic processing industry, and in-depth presentation of methodologies, technologies, alternatives, regional effects, and global effects of each important industrial pollution control practice that may be applied to all industries, such as industrial ecology, pollution prevention, in-plant hazardous waste management, site remediation, groundwater decontamination, and stormwater management.

In a deliberate effort to complement other industrial waste treatment and hazardous waste management texts, this handbook covers new subjects as much as possible. Many topics, such as industrial ecology, pollution prevention, in-plant hazardous waste management, stormwater management, photographic processing wastes, soap and detergent wastes, livestock wastes, rubber processing wastes, timber industry wastes, power plant wastes, and metal finishing wastes, are presented in detail for the first time in any industrial waste treatment book. Special efforts were made to invite experts to contribute chapters in their own areas of expertise. Since the field of industrial hazardous waste treatment is very broad, no one can claim to be an expert in all industries; collective contributions are better than a single author’s presentation for a handbook of this nature.

This handbook is to be used as a college textbook as well as a reference book for the environmental professional. It features the major industries and hazardous pollutants that have significant effects on the environment. Professors, students, and researchers in environmental, civil, chemical, sanitary, mechanical, and public health engineering and science will find valuable educational materials here. The extensive bibliographies for each industrial waste treatment or practice should be invaluable to environmental managers or researchers who need to trace, follow, duplicate, or improve on a specific industrial hazardous waste treatment practice.

A successful modern industrial hazardous waste treatment program for a particular industry will include not only traditional water pollution control but also air pollution control, noise control, soil conservation, site remediation, radiation protection, groundwater protection, hazardous waste management, solid waste disposal, and combined industrial-municipal waste treatment and management. In fact, it should be a total environmental control program. Another intention of this handbook is to provide technical and economical information on the development of the most feasible total environmental control program that can benefit both industry and local municipalities. Frequently, the most economically feasible methodology is combined industrialmunicipal waste treatment.

We are indebted to Dr. Mu Hao Sung Wang at the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, Albany, New York, who coedited the first edition, and to Ms. Kathleen Hung Li at NEC Business Network Solutions, Irving, Texas, Consulting

Editor for this new edition.

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