Functional Textiles and Clothing PDF Edited by Abhijit Majumdar, Deepti Gupta, Sanjay Gupta

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Functional Textiles and Clothing
Edited by Abhijit Majumdar, Deepti Gupta, Sanjay Gupta
Functional Textiles and Clothing

Preface
Textile materials, be it fabric or home furnishing, are primarily chosen based on their aesthetic appeal and comfort. However, the perception about textiles is changing as they are expected to possess some functionality apart from fulfilling their basic purpose. A new domain of functional textiles has emerged in the last few decades which encompasses the areas like protective textiles, medical textiles, industrial textiles, sports textiles, automotive textiles, and packaging textiles. All these materials must have specific functional features to meet the end-use requirements. Therefore, material selection, product design, and manufacturing are rather complex and therefore challenging in case of functional textiles.

Functional textiles and clothing sector has emerged as the growth area in recent times. Recent reports peg the global market to reach USD 4.72 billion by 2020, at a CAGR of 33.58% between 2015 and 2020, on the strength of commercial market applications in healthcare, sports, fitness, fashion, military, and automotive sectors. India, as the second largest producer and fourth largest exporter of textile and apparel goods in the world, has already identified this area under its technical textiles push a decade back. With its domestic apparel market showing signs of maturing and a healthy growth rate, India is looking forward to make a place for itself in this high-value, high-tech textile and apparel sectors.

Looking at the emerging needs of industry and academia and to cope with the impending challenges of designing and manufacturing of functional textiles, an international event entitled ‘Functional Textiles and Clothing Conference 2018’ was organized by Indian Institute of Technology Delhi during February 9–11, 2018, in collaboration with World University of Design, Sonipat, and PSG College of Technology, Coimbatore. The conference provided an interdisciplinary platform to leading scientists, academicians, researchers, research scholars, entrepreneurs, and market stakeholders to have in-depth exchanges on the recent scientific developments, research results, cutting-edge technologies, innovations, trends, concerns, supply chain issues and challenges and opportunities in the field of functional textiles and clothing.

This book contains selected papers presented in the conference. The papers are organized under eight sections, namely protective textiles, medical textiles, smart textiles, textile chemical processing, garment and accessory design, testing and characterization, supply chain management and sustainability, and traditional textile art and crafts. Interested readers may contact the editors or the authors in case they have any query.

Contents
Part I Protective Textiles
Thermal Resistance of Leather and Membranes for Summer
Desert Military Footwear Under Different Climate Conditions . . . . . . . 3
Dragana Kopitar, Jadranka Akalovic and Zenun Skenderi
Woven Military Fabrics from the Aspect of the Microbial
Barrier Permeability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Ivana Schwarz, Beti Rogina-Car and Ruzica Brunsek
Development of Thermal Insulative Nonwoven Fabric Through
Advance Material Application . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Rohit Naik and Arup Rakshit
Investigation on Sound Absorption Characteristics of Nonwoven
Coir Mats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37
G. Thilagavathi, A. Muralikrishnan, N. Muthukumar
and S. Neelakrishnanan
Part II Medical Textiles
Functionalized Silk for Surgical Suture Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49
S. Viju, L. Marian Shilpa and G. Thilagavathi
Effect of Domestic Laundering on Removal of Bacterial
Contamination from Nurses’ White Coats . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
Priyanka Gupta, Nilanjana Bairagi and Deepti Gupta
Part III Smart Textiles
Hybrid Cover Yarn’s Element Orientation and Its Impacts on
Mechanical/Tensile Behavior of Conductive Yarns and Fabrics . . . . . . . 77
Ali Asghar, Mohd Rozi Ahmad, Mohamad Faizul Yahya,
Syed Zameer Ul Hassan and Muhammad Kashif
Facile Metallization Technique of Textiles for Electronic Textile
Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91
Md. Momtaz Islam, Musa Ali Reza, Dewan Murshed Ahmed,
Md. Abdullah Al. Mamun and Hasan Shahariar
Development of Smart Textiles for Medical Care . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Arindam Basu, Saurab Jain and V. S. Khoiwal
Photoluminescent Printed Fabrics: An Innovative Solution
to Natural Nightlight . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
Richa Sharma and Nilanjana Bairagi
Development and Characterization of Metal Woven Electric
Heating Fabrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
N. Muthukumar, G. Thilagavathi, T. Kannaian and S. Periyasamy
Part IV Textile Chemical Processing
Mechanical Properties of the Silk Degummed with Citric Acid
and Ultrasound . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
Ruzica Brunsek, Ivana Schwarz and Mirta Than
Photocatalytic Decolorization of Rhodamine B Dye Solution
Using TiO2 Coated Cotton Fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 139
Anu Mishra and Bhupendra Singh Butola
Chemical Modification of Indian Yak Fibre for Development
of Jute/Yak Fibres Blended Warm Textile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 151
Kartick K. Samanta and A. N. Roy
Statistical Optimisation of Nano-Zinc Oxide-Based Fire-Protective
Finish on Jute Fabric . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
Ashis Kumar Samanta, Reetuparna Bhattacharyay (Roy), Arindam Bagchi
and Ranjana Chowdhuri
A Study on the Efficiency of Lavender Microcapsules
on Silk/Lyocell Blended Fabrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193
Mariyam Adnan and J. Jeyakodi Moses
Part V Garment and Accessory Design
Method Development for Modeling, Designing, and Digital
Representation of Outdoor and Protective Clothing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 205
Muhammad Awais and Sybille Krzywinski
Safer Custody Clothing: Designing for Female Prisoners
at Risk of Self-Harm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 219
Jane Ledbury, Nicholas Hall, Barbara Shepherd and Laura Parker
Deeds Not Words, an Exploration into the Women’s Suffrage
Movement in Ulster Through the Fashion and Freedom Project . . . . . . 229
Alison Gault
Dynamic Anthropometry for Investigation of Body Movement
Comfort in Protective Jacket . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 241
Inga Dabolina, Eva Lapkovska and Ausma Vilumsone
Development of Training Modules for Visually Impaired
for Rehabilitation in Garment Manufacturing Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 261
Megha Gupta and Ritu Mathur
Part VI Testing and Characterization
Thermo-Physiological Comfort and Microbial Properties
of Different Textile Raw Materials and Structures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 285
Dragana Kopitar, Beti Rogina-Car and Zenun Skenderi
Handle Assessment of Knitted Mattress Fabrics Treated
with Flame Retardant Finishes Using Fabric Touch Tester Device . . . . 295
Atiyyah Binti Haji Musa, Benny Malengier, Simona Vasile
and Lieva Van Langenhove
Development of a Smoothness Tester for Fabrics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 307
M. S. Parmar, Nidhi Sisodia and Maheshwar Singh
Thickness Loss of Handmade Carpets After Dynamic Loading . . . . . . . 321
Shravan Kumar Gupta, Kamal Kanti Goswami and Abhijit Majumdar
Part VII Supply Chain Management and Sustainability
A New Collaborative Model for Demand-Driven Supply Chains:
A Case Study on Textile Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 339
Ke Ma, Sébastien Thomassey and Xianyi Zeng
Customer Analytics in Fashion Retail Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 349
Chandadevi Giri, Sebastien Thomassey and Xianyi Zeng
Recent Developments in Recycling Silk Saris . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 363
S. Nivedita and Gargi
Awareness of Green Manufacturing in Apparel Industry . . . . . . . . . . . 371
Ankur Saxena and Ajit Kumar Khare
Sustainable Production by Modifying Reduction Clearing
in Polyester Dyeing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 383
S. D. Kiruthika, R. Ugamoorthi, C. Venkatachalapathi
and S. Ramarethinam
Part VIII Traditional Textile Arts and Crafts
Crafting Lives: Redefining Culture and Artisan Lives
Through the Revival of Crafts in the State of Punjab, India . . . . . . . . . 407
Simrita Singh and Anu H. Gupta
Moving Lights as Moving Spaces: Reinterpreting Traditional
Bamboo Chik Making . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 427
Shubhra Singh
An Ergonomic Perspective of Uttarakhand Weavers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 445
A. Goel and R. Garbyal

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