**Electronics And Communications Engineering: Applications and Innovations**

**CONTENTS**

Contributors…………………………………………………………………… xi

Abbreviations……………………………………………. xvii

Preface……………………………………………………………….. xxi

PART I: Microwave and Antennas……………………………………………………1

1. Sierpinski Diamond Fractal Antenna Array Using a Mitered

Bend Feed Network for Multiband Applications……………………………………3

D. Prabhakar, P. Mallikarjuna Rao, and M. Satyanarayana

2. Sierpinski Diamond Fractal Antenna Array Using a

Quarter-Wave Feed Network for Wireless Applications……………………….15

D. Prabhakar, P. Mallikarjuna Rao, and M. Satyanarayana

3. Novel CPW-Fed Triangular-Shaped Antenna for

Wideband Applications………………………………………………………………………27

Ch. Sulakshana and Swetha Ravikanti

4. Multiband Four Port MIMO Antenna Using Metamaterials……………….39

F. B. Shiddanagouda, R. M. Vani, P. V. Hunagund, and Siva Kumara Swamy

5. E-Shape Top-Loaded Octagonal Patch Antenna for

Small-Frequency Applications…………………………………………………………….49

P. Venu Madhav and M. Sivaganga Prasad

6. A Survey on Miniaturization of Circularly Polarized Antennas

for Future Wireless Communications………………………………………………….63

Swetha Ravikanti and L. Anjaneyulu

7. Hybrid Beam Steerable Phased Array Antenna for

SATCOM OTM………………………………………………………………………………..75

V. Devika, K. Sarat Kumar, K. Ch. SriKavya, Akhil, and Pragnya

8. Superstrate-Loaded Square-Patch Antenna Analysis…………………………..87

V. Saidulu

9. Implementation of GFDM Transceiver……………………………………………..101

K. Pruthvi Krishna, Shravan Kumar Bandari, and V. V. Mani

PART II: Communication Systems……………………………………………….. 111

10. Achievable Sum Spectral Efficiency Analysis of

Massive MIMO with a MMSE-SIC Receiver……………………………………113

Krishna Patteti, M. Sampath Reddy, Anil Kumar Tipparti, and K. Srinivasa Rao

11. Neighbor Nodes Discovery Schemes in a Wireless Sensor Network:

A Comparative Performance Study…………………………………………………..127

Sagar Mekala and K. Shahu Chatrapati

12. Hybrid Overlay/Underlay Transmission: An Efficient Mechanism

to Encourage Primary Users to Cooperate with Secondary Users……….139

C. S. Preetham, M. Sivaganga Prasad, and T. V. Ramakrishna

13. OFDM-Based Packet Transceiver on USRP Using Labview………………153

Eduru Hemanth Kumar and V. V. Mani

PART III: Very Large-Scale Integration………………………………………..165

14. An Efficient System Design for a 32 Bit Sum-Product Operator

in Modified Booth Form Using Fusion Technique………………………………167

T. Lalith Kumar and N. Shehanaz

15. Design of an Improved Fault Coverage Programmable

Pseudorandom Pattern Generator for Bist………………………………………..177

Gaddam Shravan Kumar and Adupa Chakradhar

16. Design of 4-2 Compressor Using XOR–XNOR Blocks for

High-Speed Arithmetic Circuits………………………………………………………..187

Bharatha Sateesh and Prabhu G. Benakop

17. Implementation of a New VLSI Architecture for Add–Multiply

Operators Using a Modified Booth Recoding Technique…………………….195

K. Nunny Praisy and K. S. N. Raju

18. Design of a Baugh–Wooley Multiplier in Quantum Dot Cellular

Automata Using an Area Optimized Full Adder…………………………………213

B. Ramesh and M. Asha Rani

PART IV: Embedded Systems……………………………………………………….225

19. Design and Analysis of a Hybrid 4-2 Approximate Compressor

for Multiplication……………………………………………………………………………..227

K. Satisha and M. V. Ganeswara Rao

20. Cost-Effective Implementation of Digital Karaoke……………………………..239

P. Sandeep, B. Sai Chakradhar, and Md. Sharuque

21. Developing a Simple and Economic Voice Control Mechanism

for Operating Home Appliances………………………………………………………..247

D. Durga Bhavani

22. Multilevel Boost Converter Implementation for

Photovoltaic Applications………………………………………………………………….255

Bharatha Sateesh and Prabhu G. Benakop

23. Proposal for Economic Implementation of Precision

Farming in India………………………………………………………………………………267

D. Durga Bhavani, Mounika Kamatam, and R. Bhashya Sri Bharati

24. Development of SDC–SDF Architecture for Radix-2 FFT………………….273

G. Deeshma Venkatakanakadurga and G. R. L. V. N. Srinivasaraju

25. Advanced Touch Screen System for Elderly People……………………………283

M. N. S. Lahari and K. Umapathy

26. Applications of Microcontrollers……………………………………………………….293

Nihar Ranjan Panda, P. N. S. Sailaja, and Rupali Satapathy

27. Design and Performance Analysis of Various Adders for

an Accumulation Unit of RRC Filter…………………………………………………305

Kanaparthi Revathi and Kotipalli Pushpa

PART V: Intelligent Control and Signal Processing Systems…………..313

28. A New Hybrid DE–TLBO Optimization Algorithm for

Controller Design and Global Optimization………………………………………315

Prateek Dhanuka, Vaibhav Singh Rajput, Boda Bhasker, and Ravi Kumar Jatoth

29. Performance Comparison of PSO Algorithms for Mobile Robot

Path Planning in Complex Environments………………………………………….331

Ravi Kumar Jatoth, K. Jaya Shankar Reddy, K. Karthikeya Yadav, and Boda Bhasker

30. Implementation of an Efficient and Fully Automated Magnetic

Resonance Image Segmentation through Machine Learning………………345

K. V. Sridhar and I. Hemanth Kumar

31. Adaptive Pillar K Means Algorithm to Detect Colon Cancer

from Biopsy Samples………………………………………………………………………..361

B. Saroja and A. Selwin Mich Priyadharson

Index……………………………………………383

**PREFACE **

This book reports the proceedings of the National Conference on **Electronics** and Communication Engineering: Applications and Innovations, held at the Department of Electronics and Communication Engineering (E.C.E.), National Institute of Technology, Warangal India, on October 21–22, 2016.

The purpose of this conference was to explore the research advances in the field of wireless communication, signal processing, embedded systems, VLSI, microwave, and antennas. This book provides insights of present technological challenges that help to induce new ideas for future research and collaboration to graduate students, researchers, and professionals.

This book is organized as follows:

Part I: Microwave and Antennas

Part II: Communication Systems

Part III: Very Large-Scale Integration

Part IV: Embedded Systems

Part V: Intelligent Control and Signal Processing Systems

Only those papers that have undergone a rigorous review process, followed by a plagiarism check using Turnitin software, were accepted, and the revised manuscripts were published in the conference proceedings. We thank all the participants for their contribution to the conference, which has helped to prepare this book. We also express our sincere thanks to a number of research scholars who helped in preparing the content of this book. The assistance of all the individuals and contributors is greatly appreciated by the authors.