ERP for Textiles and Apparel Industry | Surjit, Rathinamoorthy and Vishnu Vardhini


ERP for Textiles and Apparel Industry
R. Surjit, R. Rathinamoorthy and K. J. Vishnu Vardhini

ERP for Textiles and Apparel Industry


Foreword ix
Preface xi
Acknowledgement xiii
1. Enterprise resource planning (ERP): an overview 1
1.1 Introduction to enterprise resource planning (ERP) 1
1.2 Evolution of ERP 3
1.3 Basics of ERP 10
1.4 Needs for and benefits of ERP 11
1.5 Vendors of ERP 15
1.6 Growth of ERP 20
1.7 Lifecycle of ERP 21
Summary 25
References 25
2. Technology and functioning of ERP 28
2.1 Technology behind ERP 28
2.2 Technology evolution of ERP 35
2.3 Software design 38
2.4 Software development 40
2.5 Desktop-based ERP versus web-based ERP 41
2.6 Security in ERP systems 42
2.7 Functioning of ERP 43
2.8 Workflow and notifications 51
Summary 53
References 53
3. Modules in ERP 55
3.1 Process flow in a textile/apparel company 55
3.2 Modules in ERP 61
3.3 Technical modules in ERP 66
3.4 Commercial modules in ERP 86
3.5 Workflow in ERP for textile and apparel verticals 105
Summary 110
References 111
4. ERP in textiles and apparel 112
4.1 Role of ERP in textile/apparel vertical 112
4.2 Vendors and consultants 113
4.3 Process flow in ERP for textile and apparel industry 116
Summary 163
References 163
5. Implementing ERP 165
5.1 Change management 165
5.2 Evaluation and selecting the right ERP 167
5.3 Process of evaluation and selection 169
5.4 Choosing various vendors for evaluation 170
5.5 Compare and short-list solutions 171
5.6 Solution selection and negotiation 172
5.7 Business process study 173
5.8 Implementation 179
5.9 Post-implementation 183
Summary 183
References 184
6. Benefits for textiles and apparel vertical 185
6.1 Benefits textile and apparel sector derive from using ERP 185
6.2 Reports in ERP 195
6.3 Workflow and notification usage in ERP 207
6.4 Maximum utilization of ERP 208
Summary 210
References 211
7. Latest developments in ERP 212
7.1 ERP II 212
7.2 Comparison between ERP and ERP II 212
7.3 Functioning of ERP II 213
7.4 CRM–ERP integration 215
7.5 Functions of CRM 215
7.6 BI–ERP integration 217
7.7 SCM–ERP integration 219
7.8 PLM–ERP integration 221
7.9 Functions of PLM software 222
7.10 PLM software in textile/apparel sector 223
7.11 Integration of PLM with ERP 223
7.12 Machine integration 224
7.13 Reporting tools 227
7.14 Cloud ERP 228
7.15 Benefits of cloud ERP 229
7.16 Cloud ERP service models 231
7.17 Mobile ERP 233
7.18 Future developments 234
Summary 235
References 235
8. Case studies 238
8.1 Introduction 238
8.2 Success stories 238
8.3 Areas of improvement 253
8.4 Discontinuous usage of ERP 257
Summary 258
References 258
9. Careers in ERP 260
9.1 Employment opportunity 260
9.2 Entrepreneurial opportunity 266
9.3 List of ERP providers 267
Summary 268

This book has been written to address the specific needs of students, academicians and industry personnel on using ERP software for textiles and apparel vertical. Many books have been written on ERP, its technology, functioning, etc. but there are no books available specific to ERP functioning and usage in the textile vertical. This void gave us impetus to write a book on ERP catering exclusively for textiles and apparel vertical.

The book has detailed information on how ERP can be effectively used in textile and apparel industries. The implementation process of ERP is detailed. It would serve as a step by step guide for industries to evaluate and select the right ERP for textile and apparel industry. Success of ERP is based on top management support and employees mindset to change for the betterment of the company. This book addresses both the aspects. There are detailed illustrations provided to give a better idea for the readers on various transactions and reports used in ERP. The latest developments in ERP are discussed.

We have written this book based on our experience in implementing ERP for textile and apparel industries. So we have highlighted the various issues faced during implementation and how it can be overcome with proper planning and support from all stakeholders. It may be difficult for a reader to immediately start working on ERP software after reading this book but it will surely provide them knowledge on how they can use it effectively for better results.

Another reason for us to come up with this work was that the major corporations of textile and apparel are now looking for students to possess knowledge on ERP software before they join their companies. This book would serve that purpose as students will know about various modules, reports, implementation process, etc. It will be easy for the academicians to teach the students about textile and apparel industry specific practices in ERP using this book. We have also provided a chapter to discuss the various career opportunities in ERP for experienced and fresh graduates.

We are sure that this book would be the first step in enriching knowledge to the readers on ERP for textiles and apparel industry and we are confident that we have addressed a niche segment named ERP with this book which is the buzz word in all textile and apparel industries including large scale corporations, SME’s and small scale enterprises also. We acknowledge and thank all the people who have provided support for writing this book.

K.J.Vishnu Vardhini

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