Manikins for Textile Evaluation | Rajkishore Nayak and Rajiv Padhye

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Manikins for Textile Evaluation
Edited by Rajkishore Nayak and Rajiv Padhye
Manikins for Textile Evaluation

Contents
List of Contributors xi 

Part I Introduction 1
1 Introduction to manikins 3
Rajkishore Nayak
1.1 Introduction 3
1.2 Types of manikins 8
1.3 Various applications of manikins 10
1.4 Book content 16
1.5 Future trends 19
1.6 Conclusions 21
References 21
Further reading 24
2 Types of thermal manikin 25
Yehu Lu, Kalev Kuklane and Chuansi Gao
2.1 Introduction 25
2.2 Manikin types 26
2.3 Features in the above manikins 30
2.4 Future trends 42
2.5 Conclusions 45
References 45
Further reading 53

Part II Manikins for design and display 55
3 Manikins in shop display 57
Kalesh Nath Chatterjee, Yamini Jhanji, Shelly Khanna
and Amandeep Manocha
3.1 Introduction 57
3.2 Visual merchandising 60
3.3 Classification/types of manikins for shop display 62
3.4 Selection of manikins 74
3.5 Lay plans for effective positioning of manikins in shop display 78
3.6 Manikins vis-a-vis conventional techniques of display 82
3.7 Future trends 85
3.8 Conclusions 87
Further reading 88
4 Evaluation of fit and size 89
Norsaadah Zakaria
4.1 Introduction to clothes manikins 89
4.2 Human anthropometrics for clothing sizing system 91
4.3 Apparel fit problem and satisfaction 93
4.4 Body shape evaluation 95
4.5 Manikins’ usage for fit model 97
4.6 Conclusions and recommendation 107
References 108
5 Evaluation of thermo-physiological comfort of clothing using manikins 115
Sumit Mandal, Simon Annaheim, Martin Camenzind and René M. Rossi
5.1 Introduction 115
5.2 Different manikins for evaluating the thermo-physiological
comfort of clothing 116
5.3 Evaluation and calculation methods for the thermo-physiological
comfort of clothing 126
5.4 Critical assessment regarding the thermo-physiological comfort of
clothing 130
5.5 Key issues related to the evaluation of thermo-physiological
comfort of clothing 135
5.6 Summary and conclusions 137
Acknowledgments 137
References 138
6 Evaluation of ergonomics 141
Asis Patnaik and Elspa M. Hovgaard
6.1 Introduction 141
6.2 Different manikin types and their ergonomics 143
6.3 Use of various software for ergonomics 145
6.4 Application areas 147
6.5 Influence of various factors 150
6.6 Recent trends and future directions 153
6.7 Conclusions 154
Acknowledgments 154
References 154
Further reading 157
7 Comparison of manikin tests with wearer trials 159
Rajkishore Nayak and Shadi Houshyar
7.1 Introduction 159
7.2 Thermal manikin testing vs wearer trial 160
7.3 Future directions 167
7.4 Conclusions 168
References 169
8 Drape measurement technique using manikins with the help of image analysis 173
Awadhesh Kumar Choudhary and Payal Bansal
8.1 Introduction 173
8.2 Manikins 174
8.3 Manikins importance and drapability 179
8.4 Influencing factors of drape 182
8.5 Evaluation of textile materials for drapability 183
8.6 Conventional methods for measurement of drape of fabrics 185
8.7 Computer-aided drape test 186
8.8 Measurement of drape using image analysis on manikin 187
8.9 Conclusions 194
References 194
Further reading 195

Part III Manikins for high-performance textiles 197
9 Evaluation of heat and flame protective performance of clothing using manikins 199
Sumit Mandal, Martin Camenzind, Simon Annaheim
and René M. Rossi
9.1 Introduction 199
9.2 Background of developing flash fire manikins 200
9.3 Design and working principle of the instrumented stationary flash fire manikins 202
9.4 Design and working principle of the instrumented dynamic flash fire manikins 209
9.5 Calculation of the heat and flame protective performance
of clothing by flash fire manikins 212
9.6 Assessment of the heat and flame protective performance
of clothing using instrumented flash fire manikins 215
9.7 Key issues related to the heat and flame protective performance of clothing 219
9.8 Conclusions 221
References 221
10 Evaluation of steam and hot liquid splash protection using thermal manikins and simulated tests 225
Yehu Lu
10.1 Introduction 225
10.2 Methods used for evaluation of steam hazard 226
10.3 Methods used for evaluation of hot liquid spray 230
10.4 Future trends 236
10.5 Conclusions 238
References 238
11 Manikins for evaluation of pressure performance 241
Yong-Rong Wang
11.1 Introduction 241
11.2 Manikins used for the evaluation of compression garment 246
11.3 Future trends 255
11.4 Conclusions 257
References 257
12 Manikins for medical textile evaluation 259
Monica P. Sikka
12.1 Introduction to medical textile and its evaluation 259
12.2 Types of manikins 260
12.3 Needs and opportunities for helping saving lives 262
12.4 Various applications of manikins 262
12.5 Simulation in healthcare 265
12.6 Benefits and limitations of using medical simulations 266
12.7 Designing and conducting simulation-based research using
manikins (case studies) 267
12.8 Future of simulation in healthcare 274
12.9 Conclusions 275
References 276
13 Defense applications of manikins 279
Ashvani Goyal
13.1 Introduction 279
13.2 Uses of manikins 279
13.3 Conclusions 297
References 298
14 Automotive applications of manikins 301
Rajesh Mishra
14.1 Introduction 301
14.2 Advanced thermal manikin systems for automotive 305
14.3 Testing of airbags 311
14.4 Computational models for automotive manikins 312
14.5 Thermal insulation for seated persons in vehicles 314
14.6 Mechanical performance (ergonomics) of manikins in automotive 323
14.7 Conclusions 326
References 327
Further reading 329
15 Thermo-physiological simulation 331
Agnes Psikuta, Simon Annaheim and René M. Rossi
15.1 Introduction 331
15.2 Concept of the thermo-physiological human simulator 334
15.3 Thermo-physiological human simulators available to date 338
15.4 Opportunities and constraints of thermo-physiological human simulators for advanced textiles and apparel research 341
15.5 Conclusions 344
References 345

Part IV Associated problems, care, and maintenance and future directions in manikins 351
16 Various issues, care, and maintenance of manikins 353
Vinod Kadam and Rajkishore Nayak
16.1 Introduction 353
16.2 Retail manikins 354
16.3 Manikins for technical applications 355
16.4 Troubleshooting and remedies for manikin maintenance 360
16.5 Dangers involved in the care and maintenance 362
16.6 Future trends 362
16.7 Sources of further information and advice 363
16.8 Conclusions 363
Acknowledgments 363
References 364
17 Future directions in the use of manikins 365
Lina Zhai, René M. Rossi and Jun Li
17.1 Introduction 365
17.2 Modeling, simulation, and manikin applications 366
17.3 Future directions in the use of manikins 379
17.4 Conclusions 381
References 382
Index 387

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