The Global Textile and Clothing Industry: Technological Advances and Future Challenges Edited by R. Shishoo


The Global Textile and Clothing Industry: Technological Advances and Future Challenges
Edited by R. Shishoo

The global textile and clothing industry


Contributor contact details ix
Woodhead Publishing Series in Textiles xi
1 Introduction: trends in the global textile industry 1
R. SHISHOO, Shishoo Consulting AB, Sweden
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2 Developments in the textile industry 1
1.3 Current challenges in the textile industry 3
1.4 About this book 4
1.5 Conclusion 7
2 Trends in textile markets and their implications for textile products and processes 8
M. R. SCHEFFER, Saxion Universities, The Netherlands
2.1 Introduction 8
2.2 Looking back: textiles in the regime of extensive accumulation, 1989–2008 9
2.3 Constraints for textiles in a new regime of intensive accumulation 15
2.4 Understanding patterns of transformation 21
2.5 Conclusions for managing the textile business 24
2.6 References 28
3 The impact of environmental regulation on future textile products and processes 29
P. PATTERSON, Colour Connections Consultancy Ltd, UK
3.1 Introduction 29
3.2 Globalisation of the textile industry 32
3.3 The current impact of the textile industry on the environment 34
3.4 Holistic thinking – a step by step approach to reducing environmental impacts 39
3.5 Future challenges for the dyeing industry 43
3.6 Conclusions 49
3.7 References 52
4 The importance of innovation-driven textile research and development in the textile industry 55
R. SHISHOO, Shishoo Consulting AB, Sweden
4.1 Introduction 55
4.2 Innovations in fi bres 57
4.3 Innovations in textile production technologies 58
4.4 The role of textile universities and academic research institutes in the process of innovation 64
4.5 European initiatives in innovation in textiles 70
4.6 Future challenges for the textile industry 73
4.7 References 76
5 Strategic technology roadmapping in the textile industry 77
H. H. HERGETH, NC State University, USA
5.1 Introduction 77
5.2 Technology roadmapping in the textile industry 81
5.3 Global management 85
5.4 Conclusions 86
5.5 References 87
6 Higher education courses in textile science: present and future 89
T. GRIES and D. VEIT, Institut für Textiltechnik of RWTH
Aachen University, Germany
6.1 Introduction: higher education systems around the world 89
6.2 Education systems of selected countries 91
6.3 The Bologna Agreement and types of degree 94
6.4 Career progression in the textile industry 106
6.5 Conclusions and future trends 110
6.6 Sources of further information 111
7 Recent advances in textile manufacturing technology 113
T. STEGMAIER, Institute of Textile Research and Process Engineering (ITV) Denkendorf, Germany
7.1 Introduction 113
7.2 Advances in fi nishing, coating and digital printing technologies 117
7.3 State-of-the-art nanotechnologies 122
7.4 Protective textiles 124
7.5 Bionics, modelling of textile structures, e-textiles and interactive fabrics 125
7.6 References 130
8 Recent advances in garment manufacturing technology: joining techniques, 3D body scanning and garment design 131
D. TYLER, A. MITCHELL and S. GILL, Manchester Metropolitan
University, UK
8.1 Introduction 131
8.2 Drivers of bonding and welding technology for the apparel industry 137
8.3 Welding technologies: thermoplastic adhesives and ultrasonic seam welding 146
8.4 Other types of welding technology 152
8.5 Opportunities afforded by 3D scanning and 3D design 155
8.6 Future trends 164
8.7 Sources of further information and advice 166
8.8 Acknowledgements 167
8.9 References 167
9 Automating textile preforming technology for mass production of fi bre-reinforced polymer (FRP)
composites 171
Institut für Textiltechnik of RWTH Aachen University, Germany
9.1 Introduction 171
9.2 Single-step preforming 174
9.3 Multistep preforming 179
9.4 Applications of fibre-reinforced composites in textiles 188
9.5 Future trends and conclusions 191
9.6 Acknowledgement 194
9.7 References 194
Index 197

Introduction: trends in the global textile industry
R. SHISHOO, Shishoo Consulting AB, Sweden

Abstract: The textile and clothing industry is one of the largest industrial sectors in the world and the challenges facing the industry with regards to providing sustainable growth are huge, requiring global solutions to maintain the level of performance and development seen in recent times. As increasing population and greater use of such products in technical and industrial applications has led to a remarkable growth in demand for textiles; the development of innovative design, processes and materials is of paramount importance. This chapter discusses some of the key topics regarding important technological advances and future challenges which will be examined in further detail in other chapters of this book.

Key words: textile industry, innovation, development, sustainability, global solutions, environmental impact.

1.1 Introduction
The world population has very recently crossed the unbelievable fi gure of 7 billion people. The essential needs of these persons are food and clothing, so the textile and clothing industry forms an integral part of the way mankind deals with such a huge population. Looking at the size and importance of the textile and clothing industry in comparison with other major industrial sectors, it is second only to the information technology and tourism sectors. The challenges facing the global textile and clothing industry in terms of providing sustainable growth are huge and these require global solutions. The textile industry (and its suppliers of materials, machinery and performance chemicals) has kept up its pace of development while globalization increasingly affects issues of innovation, growth and sustainability in the textile industry worldwide.

1.2 Developments in the textile industry
In order to look at the future, one has to study how this industrial sector has developed in the past, especially since 1950. There have been marked leaps within many sub-sectors of this industry, with the birth of new ideas regarding materials, manufacturing and process technologies and new products. These have resulted in signifi cant developments in the industry, many of which are now entering a period of maturity. Some future trends can be extrapolated from these developments whereas others, due to issues such as the reduced accessibility of basic materials, the uncertain future of the oilbased polymers and environmental loading in textile manufacturing processes, are not easy to predict for the future.

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