AATCC Technical Manual, Volume 83, 2008

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AATCC Technical Manual, Volume 83, 2008
AATCC Technical Manual, Volume 83, 2008

Table of Contents
Index of Test Methods
Numerical Listing............................................................... 5
Alphabetical Listing ........................................................... 9
Topical Listing.................................................................... 11
Changes in Test Methods Since Last Edition ........................ 14
Test Methods .......................................................................... 16
Evaluation Procedures ........................................................... 377
Special Equipment and Materials .......................................... 401
Monographs
1993 AATCC Standard Reference Detergent and
Laundry Detergents in General ...................................... 403
2003 AATCC Standard Reference Liquid Laundry
Detergent......................................................................... 405
Overview of Liquid Fabric Softeners used in
Home Laundering........................................................... 407
Standardization of Hand Laundering for Fabrics and
Apparel ........................................................................... 408
Standardization of Home Laundry Test Conditions........... 409
Standard Laboratory Practice for Home Laundering
Fabrics Prior to Flammability Testing to
Differentiate Between Durable and Non-Durable
Finishes ........................................................................... 411
Nomenclature for Subjective Rating Processes ................. 412
A Summary of ASTM Methods for Interlaboratory
Testing............................................................................. 413
A Glossary of AATCC Standard Terminology...................... 415
AATCC Style Guide for Writing Test Methods..................... 424
Rules of Procedure for AATCC Test Method and
Technology Committees................................................. 431
AATCC Board of Directors and Administrative
Committees......................................................................... 438
Research Committees ............................................................ 443
Reference Committees........................................................... 452
AATCC Representatives on Committees of Other
Organizations...................................................................... 453
Joint Report ECR/TCR .......................................................... 454
Reports of Research Committees........................................... 458
Roster of Corporate Members................................................ 461

Preface
This edition of the TECHNICAL MAN- UAL were current as of May 2007. New methods that have been added and other important changes made since the last issue are summarized on page 14.

AATCC test methods are developed by research committees through extensive investigations and interlaboratory comparisons, often covering several years of work. Simplicity, reproducibility, applicability, cost of performing the test and the time required to perform the test are all important considerations in each development. Before a method is published in the TECHNICAL MANUAL, it must be approved by the responsible research committee, reviewed by the Editorial Committee and approved by the Technical Committee on Research (TCR).

During the first three years, each new test method is reviewed annually, at which time, on recommendation of the research committee and approval by TCR, it may be reaffirmed, revised or withdrawn. After the first three years, each method is reviewed at least once every five years by the research committee, and following approval by TCR may be reaffirmed, revised or withdrawn. The historical record of these actions is published in a foreword to each method. An important feature of all AATCC test methods is that test results are numerically quantified as opposed to being reported as pass-fail. Test results are the basis for describing material or process characteristics that are not in themselves intended to be performance specifications. AATCC policy prohibits endorsement of such specifications.

Each test method is designated by a number followed by a date which indicates the year in which the method was issued, last revised or reaffirmed. The designation should be quoted in full in referring to a particular method. If the source of the method is not clear from the context of the reference, the designation should be preceded by AATCC, as for example, AATCC Test Method 16-2004, or simply AATCC 16-2004.

The AATCC Style Guide for Writing Test Methods (page 424) is the defining document used by research committees in writing these methods. The Rules of Procedure for AATCC Test Method and Technology Committees (page 431) is the defining document for the organization and functioning of these research committees.

Prior to 1969 the TECHNICAL MANUAL contained all the material published in three separate books—the TECHNICAL MANUAL, the July issue of Textile Chemist and Colorist (Buyer’s Guide), now AATCC Review, and the AATCC MEMBERSHIP DIRECTORY. The present format for the TECHNICAL MANUAL has continued unchanged since 1969. Major changes in layout of the TECHNICAL MANUAL were made in 1985 as follows: (1) indexes were grouped at the front of the book; (2) test methods were arranged in numerical order; (3) the Glossary of Standard Terminology was added and (4) the Style Guide for Writing Test Methods was added. In 1989 Evaluation Procedures were listed immediately after the test methods.

Discontinued AATCC Test Methods Method Committee Test Method
1-1957 *D Colorfastness to Washing, Mill Washing and Scouring: Wool Textiles.
2-1989 D Colorfastness to Fulling.
3-1989 D Colorfastness to Bleaching with Chlorine.
4-1957 D Colorfastness to Washing, Mill: Silk Textiles.
5-1962 D Colorfastness to Dry and Wet Heat. Superseded by Method 133.
7-1989 D Colorfastness to Degumming.
9-1989 D Colorfastness to Stoving.
10-1944 D Colorfastness to Commercial Laundering and to Domestic Washing. Superseded by Method 36.
11-1989 D Colorfastness to Carbonizing.
12-1931 D Colorfastness to Sea Water. Superseded by Method 63.
13-1957 D Colorfastness to Peroxide Bleaching with Peroxide: Silk. Superseded by Method 101.
14-1953 D Dimensional Changes in Cotton and Linen Textiles. Superseded by Method 91.
16A-1988 D Colorfastness to Light: Carbon-Arc Lamp, Continuous Light. Superseded by Method 16.
16B-1977 D Colorfastness to Light through Glass: Sunlight.
16C-1988 D Colorfastness to Light through Glass: Daylight. Superseded by Method 16.
16D-1988 D Colorfastness to Light: Carbon-Arc Lamp, Alternate Light and Darkness. Superseded by Method 16.
16E-1987 D Colorfastness to Light: Water-Cooled Xenon-Arc Lamp, Continuous Light. Superseded by Method 16.
16F-1988 D Colorfastness to Light: Water-Cooled Xenon-Arc Lamp, Alternate Light and Darkness.
Superseded by Method 16.
16G-1985 D Colorfastness to Light: Determination of Fastness Above L-7. Superseded by Method 16.
18-1967 D Water Resistance: Hydrostatic Pressure Test. Superseded by Method 127.
19-1937 D Mercerization of Cotton, Determination of; Degree of. Superseded by Method 89.
21-1983 D Water Repellency: Static Absorption Test.
24-2004 D Insects, Resistance of Textiles to.
25-1957 D Colorfastness to Drycleaning. Superseded by Method 85.
29-1957 D Colorfastness to Bleaching with Peroxide: Cotton and Linen. Superseded by Method 101.
31-1962 D Colorfastness to Pleating. Superseded by Method 131.
32-1952 D Detection of Phototropism. Superseded by Method 139.
33-1962 D Flammability of Clothing Textiles.
34-1969 D Fire Resistance of Textile Fabrics.
36-1972 D Colorfastness to Washing: Characterization of Textile Colorants.
37-1952 D Colorfastness to Commercial Laundering and Domestic Washing (Silk). Superseded by Method 36.
38-1952 D Colorfastness to Commercial Laundering and Domestic Washing (Wool). Superseded by Method 36.
39-1980 D Wettability, Evaluation of.
40-1957 D Dimensional Changes in Textiles Other Than Wool. Superseded by Method 91.
41-1952 D Dimensional Changes in Wool Textiles: Accelerated Test. Superseded by Method 99.
44 D Discontinued. Superseded by Method 54.
45 D Discontinued. Superseded by Method 54.
46 D Discontinued. Superseded by Method 63.
47-1950 D Colorfastness to Water (Other than Silk and Wool). Superseded by Method 63.
48-1952 D Colorfastness to Water Spotting. Superseded by Method 104.
49-1952 D Colorfastness to Chlorination. Superseded by Method 3.
50-1952 D Colorfastness to Soda Boil.
51-1952 D Colorfastness to Mercerizing.
52-1952 D Colorfastness to Decatizing.
53-1952 D Colorfastness to Chrome (Dichromate) in the Dyebath.
54-1952 D Colorfastness to Cross Dyeing.
55-1952 D Colorfastness to Potting.
56-1952 D Colorfastness to Cellulose Ester Bonding.
57-1952 D Colorfastness to Storage (Acetate).
58-1952 D Colorfastness to Steaming (Acetate).
59-1952 D Colorfastness to Peroxide Bleaching (Wool). Superseded by Method 13.
60-1952 D Detergents on Wool: Detergency Comparator Method.
62-1989 D Oils, Wool; Oxidation in Storage.
63-1961 D Colorfastness to Water: Distilled or Demineralized; Sea, and Chlorinated Pool.
Superseded by Methods 105, 106, 107.
64-1977 D Scouring, Continuous Scouring of Raw Grease Wool.
65-1984 D Snag Resistance of Women’s Nylon Hosiery.
67-1957 D Wrinkle Recovery of Fabrics: Roller Pressure Crease-Recovery Method.
68-1969 D Colorfastness to Washing at 105F: Rapid Control Test.
69-1958 D Damage Caused by Retained Chlorine. Superseded by Method 92.
71-1956 D Colorfastness to Perspiration: Rapid Control Test.
72-1969 D Colorfastness to Washing and Shrinkage: Combined Rapid Control Test.
73-1953 D Shrinkage of Wool Hose: Accelerated Test. Superseded by Method 99.
74-1953 D Relaxation and Felting Shrinkage of Wool Knit Fabrics (Except Hose): Accelerated Test.
Superseded by Method 99.
75-1971 D Colorfastness to Oxides of Nitrogen in the Atmosphere: Rapid Control Test.
77-1977 D Scourability of Spinning Lubricant.
78-1989 D Ash Content of Bleached Cellulosic Textiles.
80-1954 D Determining the Noncotton Content of Bleached Woven Cotton Cloth. Superseded by Method 97.
83-1974 D Colorfastness to Light and Washing: Alternate Exposure.
85-1968 D Colorfastness to Drycleaning. Superseded by Method 132.
87-1965 D Colorfastness to Washing, Industrial Laundering: Accelerated.
88-1961 D Appearance of Wash and Wear Fabrics after Home Laundering. Superseded by Method 88A.
88A-1964 D Appearance of Fabrics in Wash and Wear Items after Home Laundering. Superseded by Method 124.
90-1982 D Antibacterial Activity of Fabrics, Detection of: Agar Plate Method.
91-1958 D Dimensional Changes in Woven Textiles (Excluding Wool). Superseded by Method 96.
95-1959 D Dimensional Restorability of Woven Textiles after Laundering. Superseded by Method 96.
105-1975 D Colorfastness to Water: Chlorinated Pool. Superseded by Method 162.
108-1963 D Dimensional Changes in Drycleaning.
111A-1990 D Weather Resistance: Sunshine Arc Lamp Exposure with Wetting. Superseded by Method 111.
111B-1990 D Weather Resistance: Exposure to Natural Light and Weather. Superseded by Method 111.
111C-1990 D Weather Resistance: Sunshine Arc Lamp Exposure without Wetting. Superseded by Method 111.
111D-1990 D Weather Resistance: Exposure to Natural Light and Weather through Glass.
Superseded by Method 111.
113-1978 D Formaldehyde Odor in Resin Treated Fabric, Determination of: Steam Method.
126-1991 D Colorfastness to Water (High Humidity) and Light: Alternate Exposure
145-1985 D Color Measurement of the Blue Wool Lightfastness Standards: Instrumental.
148-1989 D Light Blocking Effect of Curtain Materials.
152-1990 D Soil Redeposition, Resistance to: Terg-O-Tometer Method.
153-1985 D Color Measurement of Textiles: Instrumental. Superseded by Evaluation Procedure 6.
155-1991 D Transfer of Disperse Dyes on Polyester.
156-1991 D Transfer of Basic Dyes on Acrylics.
160-1992 D Dimensional Restoration of Knitted and Woven Fabrics after Laundering.
166-1998 D Dispersion Stability of Disperse Dyes at High Temperature.
177-2000 D Colorfastness to Light at Elevated Temperature and Humidity: Xenon Lamp Apparatus
180-1997 D Colorfastness to Light at High Temperatures: Daylight Temperature Controlled Apparatus


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