Lean and Green Supply Chain Management: A Comprehensive
Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Batuhan Eren Engin, Maren Martens, and Turan Paksoy
A New Model for Lean and Green Closed-Loop Supply Chain
Optimization .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 39
Turan Paksoy, Ahmet Çalik, Alexander Kumpf,and GerhardWilhelm Weber
Risk Management in Lean & Green Supply Chain: A Novel Fuzzy
Linguistic Risk Assessment Approach .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
Turan Paksoy, Ahmet Çalik, Abdullah Yildizba¸si, and Sandra Huber
A New Multi Objective Linear Programming Model for Lean
and Green Supplier Selection with Fuzzy TOPSIS. . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
Belkız Tor˘gul and Turan Paksoy
The Impact of Routing on CO2 Emissions at a Retail Grocery Store
Chain: A GIS-Based Solution Approach . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143
Ça˘grı Koç, Mehmet Erba¸s, and Eren Özceylan
A Simulated Annealing Algorithm Based Solution Method for
a Green Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161
Kenan Karagul, Yusuf Sahin, Erdal Aydemir, and Aykut Oral
Development of a Web-Based Decision Support System for
Strategic and Tactical Sustainable Fleet Management Problems
in Intermodal Transportation Networks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 189
Adil Baykaso˘glu, Kemal Subulan, A. Serdar Ta¸san, Nurhan Dudaklı,
Murat Turan, Erdin Çelik, and Özgür Ülker
Integrated Production Scheduling and Distribution Planning
with Time Windows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 231
Saadettin Erhan Kesen and Tolga Bekta¸s
Achieving Shojinka by Integrated Balancing of Multiple Straight
Lines with Resource Dependent Task Times . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 253
Yakup Atasagun, Yakup Kara, and Gözde Can Atasagun
The dynamics of supply chain management (SCM) has changed and accelerated over the years; new paradigms have been added into SCM to respond to changes based on the increasing economic, environmental, and social concerns and pressures. In today’s global and competitive environment, lean and green practices have become most important factors to enhance the companies’ performance. Lean and green manufacturing philosophy and techniques facilitate companies to improve their business performance in terms of reducing manufacturing lead times and costs and to improve on-time delivery and product quality, while becoming greener by minimizing material usage and waste and applying recycling and reuse. All these lean and green activities increase productivity, reduce carbon footprint, and enhance customer satisfaction, which in turn make companies sustainable and competitive. In this context, our book Lean and Green Supply Chain Management: Optimization Models and Algorithms aims to give the reader some of the most recent research dealing with lean and green supply chain management. Furthermore, the book presents a comprehensive reference resource, including novel optimization algorithms to achieve lean and green supply chains that enable and enhance business performance as well as environmental performance simultaneously. Our book includes contributions and reviews of the latest developments in optimization and mathematical models, exact, approximate, and hybrid methods, and their applications for lean and green supply chains, including:
• Case studies and experimental applications on lean and green supply chain network design and modeling
• Supply chain network design and optimization considering customer behaviors and environment
• Sustainable supply chain management considering lean, green, agile/responsive and resilient networks
• Applications of fuzzy sets theory and extensions in lean and green supply chain Management
• Multi-criteria decision making for lean and green supply chain management
• Risk management in lean and green supply chains
• Supplier selection with lean and green considerations
• Lean and green vehicle/fleet management
• Lean and green operations management
The book gathers 9 chapters, which are prepared by experts from various countries of the world on the lean and green supply chain management and on its theory, methods, and application. Short descriptions of all chapters are given subsequently, within some grouping by subjects.
Lean and Green Supply Chain Optimization
Chapter 1, named as “Lean and Green Supply Chain Management: A Comprehensive Review,” by Batuhan Eren Engin, Maren Martens, and Turan Paksoy, focuses on a comprehensive literature survey on lean and green supply chain management. In total, 41 articles, published between 2000 and 2017, are analyzed by the authors. One of the main goals is to classify the existing literature and analyze future directions in this research area. First, lean and green practices are described for important contributions. Second, measures and indicators are established to evaluate the impact of lean and green methods on the overall supply chain performance.
Chapter 2, entitled “A New Model for Lean and Green Closed-Loop Supply Chain Optimization,” by Turan Paksoy, Ahmet Çalik, Alexander Kumpf, and Gerhard-Wilhelm Weber, is dedicated to a new model for a lean and green closed loop automotive supply chain in order to provide an optimal distribution plan for several periods as well as for several echelons in the network. To solve such problems, six different objectives are included, such as the minimization of transportation cost, late deliveries, etc. One of the main contributions is the usage of a fuzzyweighted additive method,which employs a fuzzy analytic hierarchy process for the determination of the weights. In addition, the investigated framework can be utilized to understand the drivers in an integrated model.
Lean and Green Supplier Selection
Chapter 3, called as “Risk Management in Lean & Green Supply Chain: A Novel Fuzzy Linguistic Risk Assessment Approach” by Turan Paksoy, Ahmet Çalik, Abdullah Yildizba¸sı, and Sandra Huber, proposes a novel fuzzy linguistic risk assessment approach to evaluate risk management in lean and green supply chains. A solution approach with four stages is presented that, e.g., includes the determination of weights by the decision maker, the assignment of suppliers to risk groups, etc. Furthermore, a numerical investigation is carried out to show the applicability of the proposed method. In order to present managerial insights, the authors provide action plans which correspond to the different risk levels.
Chapter 4, named “A New Multi Objective Linear ProgrammingModel for Lean and Green Supplier Selection with Fuzzy TOPSIS,” by Belkız Tor˘gul and Turan Paksoy, examines the assessment of a multi-objective linear programming model for a supplier selection problem. Apart from financial factors, quantitative as well as qualitative factors that incorporate lean and green supply chain management are included in the model. The authors use a real-world case study involving the delivery of plastic parts in the automotive industry in Turkey to assess the performance and effectiveness of the proposed model.
Lean and Green Vehicle/Fleet Management
Chapter 5, entitled “The Impact of Routing on CO2 Emissions at a Retail Grocery Store Chain: A GIS-based Solution Approach,” by Ça˘grıKoç, Mehmet Erba¸s, and Eren Özceylan, introduces a variant of a pollution-routing problem in order to analyze a retail grocery store chain in Turkey. Thereby, special attention is paid to fuel consumption and CO2 emissions of the vehicles. The presented tabu search heuristic is able to provide managerial insights by investigating the trade-off between the number of vehicles and the shop demands. Furthermore, it is beneficial to gain further insights by visualizing the data and the solutions on a graphical user interface.
Chapter 6, named as “A Simulated Annealing Algorithm Based SolutionMethod for a Green Vehicle Routing Problem with Fuel Consumption,” by Kenan Karagul, Yusuf Sahin, Erdal Aydemir, and Aykut Oral, presents the development of a simulated annealing algorithm that provides decision support for a green vehicle routing problem with fuel consumption. Thereby, the total vehicle weight, the changes of the weight, and the distances have to be taken into account in a heuristic. The methodology is illustrated for selected test instances, and statistical analysis techniques are applied to compare the different methods.
Chapter 7, called “Development of a Web-Based Decision Support System for Strategic and Tactical Sustainable Fleet Management Problems in Intermodal Transportation Networks,” by Adil Baykaso˘glu, Kemal Subulan, A. Serdar Ta¸san, Nurhan Dudaklı, Murat Turan, Erdin Çelik, and Özgür Ülker, is devoted to a web-based decision support system for sustainable fleet management in intermodal transportation networks. The promotion of interactive decision support is of major importance in sustainable fleet planning. A decision maker seeks to minimize the overall transportation costs, the total transit times, and the CO2 emissions through the introduction of strategic as well as tactical fleet management. In this context, a decision support system is introduced to foster an international logistics company of Turkey.
Lean and Green Operations Management
Chapter 8, given the name “Integrated Production Scheduling and Distribution Planning with Time Windows,” by Saadettin Erhan Kesen and Tolga Bekta¸s, tackles an integrated production scheduling and distribution planning problem with time windows. Mainly, decisions must be made on two decision levels: the orders are processed through a set of identical parallel machines, and then, they must be delivered with a fleet of vehicles taking into consideration the time windows of the customers. After presenting a mathematical model, an in-depth analysis is given on the computational results.
Chapter 9, entitled “Achieving Shojinka by Integrated Balancing of Multiple Straight Lines with Resource Dependent Task Times,” by Yakup Atasagun, Yakup Kara, and Gözde Can Atasagun, addresses a mathematical model for a problem called multiple straight lines with resource-dependent task times. The goal is to incorporate the concept of Shojinka in order to attain flexibility on the number of workers. An illustrative example is given to validate the introduced model. Furthermore, the experimental study shows the benefits of an integrated approach of multiple assembly lines, such as, e.g., an average total cost improvement of around 23%.
With this book, we editors pursue various aims, stated as follows:
• To provide a compendium for all researchers who could become able to familiarize with those emerging research subjects that are of common practical and methodological interest to representatives of management, engineering, economics, and environmental protection;
• To offer an encyclopedia and a dictionary that will enable researchers and practitioners to access in a fast way the key notions of their domains and, via suitable methods and references, to proceed and to branch further on the way to treat their own, their institutes’, or institutions’ problems and challenges;
• To create an atmosphere in which the new generation of young scientists can advance, grow, and mature when reading this book and develop on their way of becoming recognized scholars;
• To initiate a momentum of encouragement and excitement, which could strongly foster interdisciplinary research, the solution of striking real-world problems, and a creative and fruitful cooperation and synergy among experts from all over the globe;
• To further introduce Springer Verlag as a premium publishing house on newest and most timely fields of scientific investigation and application and as a center of excellence.
Our work provides an excellent reference to graduate, postgraduate students, decision makers, and researchers in private domains, universities, industries, and governmental and non-governmental organizations, in the areas of various operational research, engineering, management, business, and finance, wherever one has to represent and solve uncertainty-affected practical and real-world problems.
In the future, mathematicians, statisticians, game theorist, physicist, chemists, and computer scientists, but also biologists, neuroscientists, social scientists, and representatives of the humanities, are warmly welcome to enter into this discourse and join the collaboration for reaching even more advanced and sustainable solutions. It is well accepted that predictability in uncertain environments is a core request and an issue in any field of engineering, science, and management. In this respect, this book opens a very new perspective; what is more, it has the promise to become very significant in academia and practice and very important for humankind!