In 2012, Rio de Janeiro Summit, organised by the United Nations and called “Rio +20”, analysed the progress made since the summit held in Rio de Janeiro in 1992, and it also announced that the Millennium Goals were to be replaced—starting in 2015—by the Sustainable Development Goals, also called “the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals”.
In September 2015, the United Nations General Assembly approved the agenda, which sets up a transformational view to economic, social and environmental sustainability. The current development paradigm should be transformed into an inclusive paradigm based on sustainable development and with a long-term vision. The Agenda comprises the 17 goals below, which, in turn, include 169 targets:
Goal 1: End poverty in all its forms everywhere.
Goal 2: Zero hunger. End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture.
Goal 3: Good Health. Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages.
Goal 4: Quality education. Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all.
Goal 5: Gender equality. Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls.
Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation. Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all.
Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy. Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all.
Goal 8: Decent work and economic growth. Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all.
Goal 9: Industry, innovation, infrastructure. Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialisation and foster innovation.
Goal 10: Reduced inequalities. Reduce inequality within and among countries.
Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities. Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.
Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production. Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns.
Goal 13: Climate Action. Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts.
Goal 14: Life below water. Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.
Goal 15: Life on land. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss.
Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions. Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.
Goal 17: Partnership for the goals. Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalise the global partnership for sustainable development.
This book presents four chapters that relate textile and fashion to some SDGs. For example, the work titled “Traceability & Transparency: A Way Forward for SDG 12 in the Textile and Clothing Industry” developed by Natalia Papú Carrone presents a deepened understanding of what traceability and transparency concerns are all about, and how they can constitute an enabler to accelerate the industry efforts towards achieving SDG 12. Then, “Sustainable Development Goal 12 and Its Relationship with the Textile Industry” developed by Marisa Gabriel and María Lourdes Delgado Luque analyses SDG 12 and how it can be applied to the textile industry, considering the circular economy as a way towards. The Sanjoy Debnath´s work titled “Flax Fibre Extraction to Fashion Products Leading Towards Sustainable Goals” covers, to some extent, cultivation and extraction of fibre and further processing into yarn and fabric up to fashion garments. It also touches on aspects such as reuse and bio-disposal. This chapter further analyses the UN Sustainable Development Goals in the flax value chain. Finally, Radhakrishnan Shanthi in his Chapter “Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns in Fashion” analyses the role of sustainable design development, the awareness of slow fashion and change in consumer mindset to attain Goal 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), UN Sustainable Development Goals.
Traceability and Transparency: A Way Forward for SDG 12 in the Textile and Clothing Industry . . . 1
Natalia Papú Carrone
Sustainable Development Goal 12 and Its Relationship
with the Textile Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Marisa Gabriel and María Lourdes Delgado Luque
Flax Fibre Extraction to Fashion Products Leading Towards
Sustainable Goals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47
Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns in Fashion . . . . . . . . 59