Applied Materials Science: Applications of Engineering Materials in Structural, Electronics, Thermal, and Other Industries PDF by Deborah Chung


Applied Materials Science: Applications of Engineering Materials in Structural, Electronics, Thermal, and Other Industries
by Deborah Chung

Applied Materials Science


Chapter 1 Introduction to Materials Applications
1.1 Classes of Materials
1.2 Structural Applications
1.3 Electronic Applications
1.4 Thermal Applications
1.5 Electrochemical Applications
1.6 Environmental Applications
1.7 Biomedical Applications
Chapter 2 Materials for Thermal Conduction
2.1 Introduction
2.2 Materials of High Thermal Conductivity
2.2.1 Metals, Diamond, and Ceramics
2.2.2 Metal-Matrix Composites Aluminum-Matrix Composites Copper-Matrix Composites Beryllium-Matrix Composites
2.2.3 Carbon-Matrix Composites
2.2.4 Carbon and Graphite
2.2.5 Ceramic-Matrix Composites
2.3 Thermal Interface Materials
2.4 Conclusion
Chapter 3 Polymer-Matrix Composites for Microelectronics
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Applications in Microelectronics
3.3 Polymer-Matrix Composites
3.3.1 Polymer-Matrix Composites with Continuous Fillers.
3.3.2 Polymer-Matrix Composites with Discontinuous Fillers
3.4 Summary
Chapter 4 Materials for Electromagnetic Interference Shielding
4.1 Introduction
4.2 Mechanisms of Shielding
4.3 Composite Materials for Shielding
4.4 Emerging Materials for Shielding
4.5 Conclusion
Chapter 5 Cement-Based Electronics
5.1 Introduction
5.2 Background on Cement-Matrix Composites
5.3 Cement-Based Electrical Circuit Elements
5.3.1 Conductor
5.3.2 Diode
5.4 Cement-Based Sensors
5.4.1 Strain Sensor
5.4.2 Damage Sensor
5.4.3 Thermistor
5.5 Cement-Based Thermoelectric Device
5.6 Conclusion
Chapter 6 Self-Sensing of Carbon Fiber Polymer-Matrix
Structural Composites
6.1 Introduction
6.2 Background
6.3 Sensing Strain
6.4 Sensing Damage
6.5 Sensing Temperature
6.6 Sensing Bond Degradation
6.7 Sensing Structural Transitions
6.7.1 DSC Analysis
6.7.2 DC Electrical Resistance Analysis
6.8 Sensing Composite Fabrication Process
6.9 Conclusion
Chapter 7 Structural Health Monitoring by Electrical Resistance
7.1 Introduction
7.2 Carbon Fiber Polymer-Matrix Structural Composites
7.3 Cement-Matrix Composites
7.4 Joints
7.4.1 Joints Involving Composite and Concrete by Adhesion
7.4.2 Joints Involving Composites by Adhesion
7.4.3 Joints Involving Steels by Fastening
7.4.4 Joints Involving Concrete by Pressure Application
7.4.5 Joints Involving Composites by Fastening
7.5 Conclusion
Chapter 8 Modification of the Surface of Carbon Fibers for Use as a
Reinforcement in Composite Materials
8.1 Introduction to Surface Modification
8.2 Introduction to Carbon Fiber Composites
8.3 Surface Modification of Carbon Fibers for Polymer-Matrix
8.4 Surface Modification of Carbon Fibers for Metal-Matrix
Chapter 9 Corrosion Control of Steel-Reinforced Concrete
9.1 Introduction
9.2 Steel Surface Treatment
9.3 Admixtures In Concrete
9.4 Surface Coating on Concrete
9.5 Cathodic Protection
9.6 Steel Replacement
9.7 Conclusion
Chapter 10 Applications of Submicron-Diameter Carbon Filaments
10.1 Introduction
10.2 Structural Applications
10.3 Electromagnetic Interference Shielding, Electromagnetic Reflection,
and Surface Electrical Conduction
10.4 DC Electrical Conduction
10.5 Field Emission
10.6 Electrochemical Application
10.7 Thermal Conduction
10.8 Strain Sensors
10.9 Porous Carbons
10.10 Catalyst Support
10.11 Conclusion
Chapter 11 Improving Cement-Based Materials by Using Silica Fume
11.1 Introduction
11.2 Workability
11.3 Mechanical Properties
11.4 Vibration Damping Capacity
11.5 Sound Absorption
11.6 Freeze-Thaw Durability
11.7 Abrasion Resistance
11.8 Shrinkage
11.9 Air Void Content and Density
11.10 Permeability
11.11 Steel Rebar Corrosion Resistance
11.12 Alkali-Silica Reactivity Reduction
11.13 Chemical Attack Resistance
11.14 Bond Strength to Steel Rebar
11.15 Creep Rate
11.16 Coefficient of Thermal Expansion
11.17 Specific Heat
11.18 Thermal Conductivity
11.19 Fiber Dispersion
11.20 Conclusion
Appendix A Electrical Behavior of Various Types of Materials
Appendix B Temperature Dependence of Electrical Resistivity
Appendix C Electrical Measurement
Appendix D Dielectric Behavior
Appendix E Electromagnetic Measurement
Appendix F Thermoelectric Behavior
Appendix G Nondestructive Evaluation
Appendix H Electrochemical Behavior
Appendix I The pn Junction
Appendix J Carbon Fibers

Materials constitute the foundation of technology. They include metals, polymers, ceramics, semiconductors, and composite materials. The fundamental concepts of materials science are crystal structures, imperfections, phase diagrams, materials processing, and materials properties. They are taught in most universities to materials, mechanical, aerospace, electrical, chemical, and civil engineering undergraduate students. However, students need to know not only the fundamental concepts, but also how materials are applied in the real world. Since a large proportion of undergraduate students in engineering go on to become engineers in various industries, it is important for them to learn about applied materials science.

Due to the multifunctionality of many materials and the breadth of industrial needs, this book covers structural, electronic, thermal, electrochemical, and other applications of materials in a cross-disciplinary fashion. The materials include metals, ceramics, polymers, cement, carbon, and composites. The topics are scientifically rich and technologically relevant. Each is covered in a tutorial and up-to-date manner with numerous references cited. The book is suitable for use as a textbook for undergraduate and graduate courses, or as a reference book. The reader should have background in fundamental materials science (at least one course), although some fundamental concepts pertinent to the topics in the chapters are covered in the appendices.

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