Handbook of Ecomaterials PDF Edited by Leticia Myriam, Torres Martínez, Oxana Vasilievna, Kharissova, Boris Ildusovich, Kharisov

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Handbook of Ecomaterials

Edited by Leticia Myriam, Torres Martínez, Oxana Vasilievna, Kharissova, Boris Ildusovich, Kharisov

Handbook of Ecomaterials

Contents

Volume 1

Part I Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

1 Nanomaterials, Ecomaterials, and Wide Vision of Material

Science . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3

Chaudhery Mustansar Hussain and Sukanchan Palit

2 Environmental Impact Measurements: Tool and Techniques . . . 33

L. Dotaniya, V. D. Meena, J. K. Saha, S. Rajendiran, A. K. Patra,

K. Dotaniya, H. M. Meena, Kuldeep Kumar, and B. P. Meena

3 Green Nanomaterials for Clean Environment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63

Rajasekhar and Suvardhan Kanchi

Part II Synthesis, Processing, and Characterization of

Eco-materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81

4 Synthesis Techniques for Preparation of Nanomaterials . . . . . . . 83

Sharanabasava V. Ganachari, Nagaraj R. Banapurmath, Basavaraja

Salimath, Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi, Ashok S. Shettar, Anand M.

Hunashyal, Abbaraju Venkataraman, Parvathi Patil, H. Shoba, and

Gurusiddesh B. Hiremath

5 Plant Materials for the Synthesis of Nanomaterials: Greener

Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

Déborah L. Villaseñor-Basulto, Mary-Magdalene Pedavoah, and

Eric R. Bandala

6 Processing and Characterization of Bio-composites . . . . . . . . . . . 123

Pramendra Kumar Bajpai, Furkan Ahmad, and Vijay Chaudhary

7 Sustainable Advancement to the Synthesis of Oxadiazoles . . . . . 141

Abdul Rauf

8 Analytical Models for the Permeabilities of Fibrous

Ecomaterials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 157

Boqi Xiao

9 Principles for Evaluations of Healthiness of New Materials . . . . . 169

Emina K. Petrović

Part III Wastewater and Pollutant Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 193

10 Nanomaterials for Industrial Wastewater Treatment and

Water Purification . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195

Sukanchan Palit

11 Nano-geomaterials for Water Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 237

Xike Tian, Na Tian, Yulun Nie, Wenjun Luo, and Yanxin Wang

12 Applications of Nanoparticles in the Treatment of

Wastewater . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 275

Iffat Zareen Ahmad, Asad Ahmad, Heena Tabassum, and

Mohammed Kuddus

13 Iron and Iron Oxide-Based Eco-nanomaterials for Catalysis

and Water Remediation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 301

Santosh Bahadur Singh

14 Partial Desalination of Saline Irrigation Water Using

[FexOy(OH)z(H2O)m)n+/_] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 323

David D. J. Antia

15 Porous Materials Obtained from Nonconventional Sources

Used in Wastewater Treatment Processes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 353

Coutino-Gonzalez, I. Robles-Gutiérrez, M. Solís-López, and

Espejel-Ayala

16 Remediation of Water Contaminants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 373

Akbar Mohammad, Khursheed Ahmad, Richa Rajak, and

Shaikh M. Mobin

17 New Carbon Nanomaterials for Water Purification from

Heavy Metals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 393

Alexander E. Burakov, Irina V. Burakova, Evgeny V. Galunin, and

Anastasia E. Kucherova

18 Semiconductor Eco-materials for Water Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . 413

Alfredo Gonzalez-Perez, Kenneth M. Persson, and Lars Samuelson

19 Composite Nanofibers for Removing Water Pollutants:

Fabrication Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 441

Daniel S. Correa, Luiza A. Mercante, Rodrigo Schneider,

Murilo H. M. Facure, and Danilo A. Locilento

20 Porous Nanomaterials for Heavy Metal Removal . . . . . . . . . . . . 469

Lin Zhi Lee, Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini, and Shu Hui Tang

21 Degradation of Pollutants Using Advanced Ecomaterials . . . . . . 495

Ihsan Flayyih Hasan AI-Jawhari

22 Novel Eco-friendly Mitigation Strategies for Managing Oil

Spills and Municipal Waste Dump Site Leachates . . . . . . . . . . . . 513

Babajide Milton Macaulay, Abiodun Daniel Aderibigbe, and

Germaine Ogunwole

23 Antimicrobial Activity of the Engineered Nanoparticles Used

as Coating Agents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 549

Meenakshisundaram Swaminathan and Naresh Kumar Sharma

24 Algal Degradation of Organic Pollutants . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 565

Mourad Baghour

Part IV VOC Removal, CO2 Sequestration, and Applications . . . . . . 587

25 TiO2/SiO2 Films for Removal of Volatile Organic Compounds

(VOCs) from Indoor Air . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 589

Nataša Novak Tušar, Andraž Šuligoj, and Urška Lavrenčič Štangar

26 Degradation of Volatile Organic Compounds with

Catalysts-Containing Zeolite and Ordered Mesoporous Silica . . . 607

Anderson Joel Schwanke, Rosana Balzer, and Sibele Pergher

27 CO2 Sequestration: Processes and Methodologies . . . . . . . . . . . . 619

Chandra Sekhar Kuppan and Murthy Chavali

28 CO2 Sequestration and Transformation Potential of

Agricultural System . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 669

L. Dotaniya, C. K. Dotaniya, R. C. Sanwal, and H. M. Meena

29 Efficient Utilization of Supercritical Carbon Dioxide as Both

Reactant and Reaction Medium for Synthetic Applications . . . . . 687

Sodeh Sadjadi

Volume 2

Part V Hydrogen and Energy Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 717

30 Energy Recovery from Solid Waste: Application of

Gasification Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 719

Mohammad G. Rasul and Sharmina Begum

31 Renewable Energy Sources: Regulations in the Russian

Federation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 753

Ekaterina A. Belokrylova

32 Metal Hydrides for Energy Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 775

Marina G. Shelyapina

33 Metal-Organic Frameworks (MOFs) Composited with

Nanomaterials for Next-Generation Supercapacitive Energy

Storage Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 811

Mohit Saraf and Shaikh M. Mobin

34 Nanocomposites for Structural and Energy Applications . . . . . . 833

Nagaraj R. Banapurmath, Shankar A. Hallad, Anand M. Hunashyal,

M. Sajjan, Ashok S. Shettar, N. H. Ayachit, and Malatesh T. Godi

35 Efficient, Sustainable, and Clean Energy Storage in

Supercapacitors Using Biomass-Derived Carbon Materials . . . . . 855

Ram Bhagat Marichi, Vikrant Sahu, Raj Kishore Sharma, and

Gurmeet Singh

36 Nanofluids Containing Titanium Dioxide: Thermo-physical

Properties and Energy Saving Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 881

Kin Yuen Leong and W. H. Azmi

37 Biomass Energy and Bio-solar Hybrid Energy Systems . . . . . . . . 901

Rakesh P. Tapaskar, Prashant P. Revankar, Sharanabasava

Ganachari, and Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi

38 Thin Film Hydrogen Storages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 913

Aleksey Guglya and Elena Lyubchenko

39 Hydrogen Storage Alloys: Types and Characteristics . . . . . . . . . 941

Amal E. Nassar, Eman E. Nassar, and Mona A. Younis

40 Thermoelectric Power Generation from Waste Heat . . . . . . . . . . 961

Yoshikazu Shinohara and Osamu Umezawa

Part VI Solar and Fuel Cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 981

41 Ecomaterials in Solar Cell Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 983

Verónica González and Israel López

42 Radiation-Resistant Solar Cells: Recent Updates and Future

Prospective . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1007

Khuram Ali and Yasir Javed

43 Photovoltaic Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1033

Yifan Wang, Hailin Cong, and Bing Yu

44 Advances in Polymer-Based Photovoltaic Cells: Review of

Pioneering Materials, Design, and Device Physics . . . . . . . . . . . . 1055

Sanjay Tiwari, Tanya Tiwari, Sue A. Carter, J. Campbell Scott, and

V. Yakhmi

45 Optimization of Bulk Heterojunction Organic Photovoltaic

Devices . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1103

Sanjay Tiwari, J. V. Yakhmi, Sue A. Carter, and J. Campbell Scott

46 Carbon Nanostructured Catalysts as High Efficient Materials

for Low Temperature Fuel Cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1139

Sadegh Hassani and L. Samiee

47 Renewable Bio-anodes for Microbial Fuel Cells . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1167

Chris M. Bhadra, Palalle G. Tharushi Perera, Vi Khanh Truong,

Olga N. Ponamoreva, Russell J. Crawford, and Elena P. Ivanova

48 Alternative Fuels from Waste Products in Cement Industry . . . . 1183

Wilfred Zieri and Ibrahim Ismail

49 Green Energy Generation from Microbial Fuel Cells . . . . . . . . . 1207

Leena Hublikar, Sharanabasava V. Ganachari, and Jayachandra

Yaradoddi

Part VII Sensors for Detection of Hazardous Substances . . . . . . . . . 1221

50 Nanomaterials for the Selective Detection of Hydrogen at

Trace Levels in the Ambient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1223

Eduard Llobet and Eric Navarrete

51 Nanomaterials as Sensor for Hazardous Gas Detection . . . . . . . . 1247

Sarat Kumar Swain, Sunita Barik, and Rashmita Das

52 Polyaniline Synthesis and Its Wide-Range Sensor and

Electronic Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1267

Sharanabasava V. Ganachari, Pradyumna Mogre, Rakesh P.

Tapaskar, Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi, and Nagaraj R. Banapurmath

53 Recent Advances and Techniques in the Hazardous Gases

Detection . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1293

Prerna Bansal and Rakhi Thareja

54 Conducting Polymer Composite-Based Sensors for Flexible

Electronics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1311

Sharanabasava V. Ganachari, Leema R. Viannie, Pradyumna Mogre,

Rakesh P. Tapaskar, and Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi

Part VIII Cellulose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1343

55 Nanocellulose: Insight into Health and Medical Applications . . . 1345

Nadia Halib and Ishak Ahmad

56 Nanocellulose . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1365

Nishtha Singh, Sonal Upadhyay, and Nidhi Mishra

57 Cellulosic Biofuel: Technologies, Prospects, and Challenges . . . . 1383

Fatima Rahman, Md Nazrul Islam, Md Omar Faruk,

Md Ashaduzzaman, and Md Iftekhar Shams

58 Development of Binderless Composites from Different

Nonwood Lignocellulosic Materials: Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1395

Ireen Parvin Nitu, Md Iftekhar Shams, Md Nazrul Islam,

Sourav Bagchi Ratul, and Md Ashaduzzaman

Volume 3

Part IX Textile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1411

59 Eco-fibers in the Textile Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1413

Harun Venkatesan and Aravin Prince Periyasamy

60 Sustainable Biopolymers in Textiles: An Overview . . . . . . . . . . . 1435

Karthik and R. Rathinamoorthy

61 Eco-materials in Textile Finishing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1461

Aravin Prince Periyasamy and Harun Venkatesan

62 Eco-fabrication of Nanomaterials for Multifunctional

Textiles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1483

Mohd Shabbir, S. Wazed Ali, and Faqeer Mohammad

63 Colored Cotton: Novel Eco-friendly Textile Material for

the Future . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1499

Rathinamoorthy and M. Parthiban

64 Environmental Friendly Textile Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1521

Aravin Prince Periyasamy, Samson Rwahwire, and Yan Zhao

65 Eco-friendly Denim Processing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1559

Aravin Prince Periyasamy, Sunil Kumar Ramamoorthy, and

Saatish Siddappa Lavate

66 Carbon Footprint on Denim Manufacturing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1581

Aravin Prince Periyasamy and Gopalakrishnan Duraisamy

67 Clothing Swap: Gateway to Sustainable Eco-friendly Fashion . . . . 1599

Rathinamoorthy, R. Surjit, and T. Karthik

Part X Catalysis, Photocatalysis, Hydrogen Production, and

Artificial Photosynthesis . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1623

68 Environmental Photocatalysis/Photocatalytic

Decontamination . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1625

Swaminathan Meenakshisundaram

69 Photocatalytic Decontamination in Pharmaceutical Effluent

Treatment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1641

Ranjana Das and Chiranjib Bhattacharjee

70 Photocatalytic H2 Production and Carbon Dioxide Capture

Using Metallurgical Slag and Slag-Derived Materials . . . . . . . . . 1659

V. Montoya-Bautista, B. C. Alcántar-Vázquez, M. Solís-López,

G. Tabla-Vázquez, A. A. Morales-Pérez, R. Schouwenaars, and

M. Ramírez-Zamora

71 Nanostructured Catalysts in Vehicle Exhaust Control Systems . . . . 1679

Gennady Gerasimov and Michael Pogosbekian

72 Catalytic and Photocatalytic Properties of Oxide Spinels . . . . . . 1701

Tetiana Tatarchuk, Basma Al-Najar, Mohamed Bououdina, and

Mamdouh Abdel Aal Ahmed

73 Waste-Porous-Based Materials as Supports of TiO2

Photocatalytic Coatings for Environmental Applications . . . . . . . 1751

Vicente Rodríguez-González and Mariana Hinojosa-Reyes

74 Ecofriendly Nanomaterials for Sustainable Photocatalytic

Decontamination of Organics and Bacteria . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1777

Archana Charanpahari, Nidhi Gupta, Vidyasagar Devthade, Sachin

Ghugal, and Jatin Bhatt

75 Hydrogen Generation via Photoelectrochemical Splitting

of Water . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1807

Pushpendra Kumar and Ashish Kumar

76 Engineering Two-Dimensional Transition Metal

Dichalcogenide Electrocatalysts for Water Splitting

Hydrogen Generation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1845

Xianyi Cao, Yingying Tang, Jens Øllgaard Duus, and Qijin Chi

77 Conventional and Renewable Energy-Based Hydrogen

Production . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1875

Rakesh P. Tapaskar, Prashant P. Revankar, Sharanabasava V.

Ganachari, and Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi

78 Industrial Perennial Crops for a Post-Petroleum Materials

Economy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1891

Eric Toensmeier and Ann Blake

79 Artificial Photosynthesis: An Approach for a Sustainable

Future . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1909

Matthieu Koepf, Anne-Lucie Teillout, and

Manuel J. Llansola-Portoles

Part XI Biomass, Food, and Other Natural Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1935

80 Eco-friendly Materials for Chemical Products

Manufacturing: Adhesives Derived from Biomass and

Renewable Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1937

O Gómez-Jiménez-Aberasturi

81 Production of Biodiesel from Algae: An Update . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1953

Athar Ali, Abdul Qadir, Mohammed Kuddus, Parul Saxena, and

Malik Zainul Abdin

82 Catalytic Upgrading of Bio-oil for Production of Drop-In

Fuels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1965

Maryam Takht Ravanchi and Saeed Sahebdelfar

83 Bio-based Nanoemulsions: An Eco-safe Approach Towards

the Eco-toxicity Problem . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1985

Prabhakar Mishra, A. P. B. Balaji, Amitava Mukherjee, and

Natarajan Chandrasekaran

84 Biomaterials Degradation and Bioabsorbability: Biomedical

Potentials of Marine Enzymes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2007

Kelvii Wei Guo

85 Nanotechnology in Food Packaging Applications: Barrier

Materials, Antimicrobial Agents, Sensors, and Safety

Assessment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2035

Mariana Pereda, Norma E. Marcovich, and María R. Ansorena

86 Food Biopackaging Based on Chitosan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2057

María R. Ansorena, Norma E. Marcovich, and Mariana Pereda

87 Wasteless Processing of Renewable Protein and

Carbohydrate-Containing Waste into Consumer Goods . . . . . . . 2085

Aslan Yu Tsivadze and Alexander Fridman

Part XII Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2117

88 Construction Materials Reinforced with Natural Products . . . . . 2119

Irem Sanal and Deepak Verma

89 Construction Materials for the Urban Environment:

Environmental Assessment of Life Cycle Performance . . . . . . . . 2143

Kylili and P. A. Fokaides

90 Recycled Materials and By-Products for Pavement

Construction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2177

Sherif M. El-Badawy, Alaa R. Gabr, and Ragaa T. Abd El-Hakim

91 Cement-Bonded Lignocellulosic Panel (CLP): A Promising

Environmental Friendly Construction Material for

Conservation of Forest Resources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2199

Md Rafikul Islam, Fatima Rahman, Md Nazrul Islam,

Md Nasim Rana, Suresh Kumar Nath, Md Ashaduzzaman, and

Md Iftekhar Shams

92 Bio-inspired Materials: Contribution of Biology to Energy

Efficiency of Buildings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2213

Marzieh Imani, Michael Donn, and Zahra Balador

93 Thermal and Acoustic Building Insulations from

Agricultural Wastes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2237

Zahra Balador, Morten Gjerde, Nigel Isaacs, and Marzieh Imani

Volume 4

Part XIII Metals and Metal Oxides . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2259

94 Growth of Ecomaterials and Eco-efficiency in Major Metallic

Structural Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2261

Osamu Umezawa, Yoshikazu Shinohara, and Kohmei Halada

95 Green Synthesis of Metal, Metal Oxide Nanoparticles, and

Their Various Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2281

Annu, Akbar Ali, and Shakeel Ahmed

96 Metrology for Metal Nanoparticles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2327

Natalia L. Pacioni

97 Silver Nanoparticles: Synthesis and Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2343

Mohd Yusuf

98 Metal Oxide Nanomaterials for Environmental Applications . . . 2357

Sharanabasava V. Ganachari, Leena Hublikar, Jayachandra S.

Yaradoddi, and Shivalingayya S. Math

Part XIV Inorganic Ecomaterials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2369

99 Nanostructured Calcium Phosphate-Based Bioceramics from

Waste Materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2371

N. F. Holanda

100 Nanopowdered h-BN as a Wear-Reducing Eco-friendly

Material . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2389

Archil Gachechiladze, Otar Tsagareishvili, Boris Margiev,

Leri Rukhadze, Maguli Darchiashvili, and Levan Chkhartishvili

101 Nanoscale Clay Minerals for Functional Ecomaterials:

Fabrication, Applications, and Future Trends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2409

Wenbo Wang and Aiqin Wang

102 Ytterbium and Erbium Co-doped Rare-Earth Aluminum

Borate Crystals as New Materials for Eye-Safe Lasers: Flux

Growth and Characterization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2491

I. Leonyuk, V. V. Maltsev, E. A. Volkova, E. V. Koporulina,

V. Kuleshov, V. E. Kisel, and K. N. Gorbachenya

103 Hierarchical MWW Zeolites by Soft and Hard Template

Routes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2537

Anderson Joel Schwanke and Sibele Pergher

104 Plasmonic Ecomaterials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2561

Carlos Puente and Israel López

105 Ecomaterials on Basis of Apatite . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2585

Amor, A. Vázquez, and Boris Ildusovich Kharisov

106 Electrochemical Synthesis of Coordination Compounds of

Lanthanides: Effective Luminophores . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2615

Panyushkin, F. A. Kolokolov, A. I. Oflidi, and M. A. Nazarenko

Part XV Agriculture and Agro-industrial Wastes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2655

107 Novel Nanoscaled Materials from Lignocellulosic Sources:

Potential Applications in the Agricultural Sector . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2657

Elena Fortunati, Deepak Verma, F. Luzi, A. Mazzaglia, L. Torre, and

M. Balestra

108 Green Nanotechnology for Biomedical, Food, and

Agricultural Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2681

Sharanabasava V. Ganachari, Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi, Sasidhar B.

Somappa, Pradyumna Mogre, Rakesh P. Tapaskar, Basavaraja

Salimath, Abbaraju Venkataraman, and Venkata J. Viswanath

109 Agro-industrial Waste Materials and Their Recycled

Value-Added Applications: Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2699

Mohd Yusuf

110 Polysaccharides as Eco-nanomaterials for Agricultural

Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2709

Danila Merino, Claudia Casalongué, and Vera A. Alvarez

Part XVI Eco-polymers and Their Sustainable Properties . . . . . . . . . 2731

111 Compostable Polymeric Ecomaterials: Environment-

Friendly Waste Management Alternative to Landfills . . . . . . . . . 2733

Wanda Sikorska, Marta Musioł, Barbara Zawidlak-Węgrzyńska, and

Joanna Rydz

112 Geopolymers: Past, Present, and Future of Low Carbon

Footprint Eco-materials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2765

Carlos Sotelo-Piña, Elsa Nadia Aguilera-González, and Antonia

Martínez-Luévanos

113 Carbon Nanotube-Based Biodegradable Polymeric

Nanocomposites: 3Rs (Reduce, Reuse, and Recycle) in

the Design . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2787

Yit Thai Ong and Soon Huat Tan

114 Polyhydroxybutyrate (PHB): A Standout Biopolymer for

Environmental Sustainability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2803

Krishna Prasad Rajan, Selvin P. Thomas, Aravinthan Gopanna, and

Murthy Chavali

115 Eco-polymer and Carbon Nanotube Composite: Safe

Technology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2827

Ayesha Kausar

116 Polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs) in Industrial Applications . . . . . 2843

Palmiro Poltronieri and Prasun Kumar

117 Polyhydroxyalkanoates: Biodegradable Plastics and

Their Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2873

Abhilasha Singh Mathuriya and J. V. Yakhmi

118 Biobased Polyamide Ecomaterials and Their Susceptibility

to Biodegradation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2901

Mariya Kyulavska, Natalia Toncheva-Moncheva, and Joanna Rydz

119 Alternative and Renewable Bio-based and Biodegradable

Plastics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2935

Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi, Shoba Hugar, Nagaraj R. Banapurmath,

Anand M. Hunashyal, M. B. Sulochana, Ashok S. Shettar, and

Sharanabasava V. Ganachari

120 Biobased and Biodegradable Plastics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2955

Deepak Verma and Elena Fortunati

121 Waste Polymethyl Methacrylate (PMMA): Recycling and

High-Yield Monomer Recovery . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2977

Elnaz Esmizadeh, Saeed Khalili, Ali Vahidifar, Ghasem Naderi, and

Charles Dubois

122 Polymers for Energy Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3011

Sharanabasava V. Ganachari

Volume 5

Part XVII Eco-materials with Special Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3029

123 Eco-materials with Noise Reduction Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3031

Jorge P. Arenas and Francesco Asdrubali

124 Halogen-Free Flame Retardant Plastics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3057

Hüsnügül Yilmaz Atay

125 Environmentally Friendly Fluids for High-Voltage

Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3081

E. Contreras, J. Rodríguez-Díaz, and E. A. Rodriguez

126 An Overview of Advancement in the Application of

Heat-Resistant Alloys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3107

Sunday Albert Lawal and Oyewole Adedipe

127 Eco-material Selection for Auto Bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3125

Ahmad T. Mayyas, Mohammed Omar, and Mohammed T. Hayajneh

128 Regeneration and Recycling of Spent Bleaching Earth . . . . . . . . 3147

Bin Mu and Aiqin Wang

129 Biomimetic Materials for Addressing Climate Change . . . . . . . . 3169

Maibritt Pedersen Zari

130 Multifunctional Composite Ecomaterials and Their Impact

on Sustainability . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3193

Sebastian Jurczyk, Piotr Kurcok, and Marta Musioł

131 Advanced Materials from Forests . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3223

Geoffrey Mitchell, Florindo Gaspar, Artur Mateus, Vidhura

Mahendra, and Dora Sousa

132 Eco-friendly Nanoparticle Additives for Lubricants and

Their Tribological Characterization . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3247

Laura Peña-Parás, Demófilo Maldonado-Cortés, and

Jaime Taha-Tijerina

133 Eco-friendly Lubricants for Tribological Application . . . . . . . . . 3269

Ranjana Das

134 Highly Efficient Hybrid Protective Materials for Technically

Complicated Systems in Natural Aggressive Conditions . . . . . . . 3287

Panyushkin, N. Petrov, M. Sokolov, and N. Bukov

135 Eco-adsorbents for Organic Solvents and Grease Removal . . . . . 3347

Shu Hui Tang, Muhammad Abbas Ahmad Zaini, and Lin Zhi Lee

136 Microporous and Mesoporous Materials from Natural and

Inexpensive Sources . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3379

Anderson Joel Schwanke, Rosana Balzer, and Sibele Pergher

137 Low-Cost Materials with Adsorption Performance . . . . . . . . . . . 3401

Hamidreza Sadegh, Mohammadreza Mazloumbilandi, and Milad

Chahardouri

138 Eco-friendly Energetic Substances for Initiation Devices . . . . . . . 3433

Mikhail A. Ilyushin and Irina V. Shugalei

Part XVIII Medical and Biomedical Ecomaterials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3451

139 Nanoclays for Biomedical Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3453

Laura Peña-Parás, José Antonio Sánchez-Fernández, and

Román Vidaltamayo

140 Biomedical Applications of Chitosan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3473

Mohd Yusuf

141 Biomolecule Silver Nanoparticle-Based Materials for

Biomedical Applications . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3485

Manuel Ahumada, Erik J. Suuronen, and Emilio I. Alarcon

142 Porosity in Biomaterials: A Key Factor in the Development

of Applied Materials in Biomedicine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3503

Manuel Ahumada, Erik Jacques, Cristian Calderon, and

Fabián Martínez-Gómez

143 Nanobioremediation: Ecofriendly Application of

Nanomaterials . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3523

Mohammad Rizwan and Minhaz Uddin Ahmed

144 Bioactive Cosmetics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3537

Camila Areias de Oliveira and Michelli Ferrera Dario

145 DNA Nanotechnology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3561

Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi, Merja Hannele Kontro, Sharanabasava V.

Ganachari, M. B. Sulochana, Dayanand Agsar, Rakesh P. Tapaskar,

and Ashok S. Shettar

146 Protein Nanotechnology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3573

Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi, Merja Hannele Kontro, Sharanabasava V.

Ganachari, M. B. Sulochana, and Dayanand Agsar

147 RNA Nanotechnology . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3587

Jayachandra S. Yaradoddi, Merja Hannele Kontro, Sharanabasava V.

Ganachari, M. B. Sulochana, Dayanand Agsar, Rakesh P. Tapaskar,

and Ashok S. Shettar

Part XIX Radiation Protection and Therapy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3601

148 Nanomaterial for the Management of Radioactive Waste . . . . . . 3603

Debjani Nath

149 New Sorbents for Processing Radioactive Waste . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3621

Aslan Yu Tsivadze, Vladimir Baulin, and Dmitry Baulin

150 Application of Nanoparticle Materials in Radiation Therapy . . . 3661

James Chun Lam Chow

151 Ecological Aspects of Nuclear Industry . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3683

Gokhman and M. Kondria

152 Life Cycle of Ion Exchangers in Nuclear Industry:

Application and Management of Spent Exchangers . . . . . . . . . . . 3709

O. Abdel Rahman, S. S. Metwally, and A. M. El-Kamash

Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3733

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