Performance of Home Textiles | Subrata Das

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Performance of Home Textiles
By Subrata Das
Performance of Home Textiles

Foreword ix
Preface xi
_ _________ _
1.1 Concept of home textiles 1
1.2 Use of home textiles in hospitality sector 2
1.3 Consumer’s expectation from home textiles 2
1.4 Home textile market scenario 3
1.5 Use of different fibres in home textiles 3
1.6 Labelling of home textiles 4
1.7 Test methods for home textiles 4
1.8 Quality related issues in home textiles 5
1.9 Need for eco-friendly home textiles 6
References 6
_ _______________________ _
2.1 Introduction 8
2.2 Home textiles in India 9
2.3 Home textiles in China 11
2.4 Home textiles in Pakistan 13
2.5 Home textiles in Bangladesh 13
2.6 Home textiles in Hong Kong 14
2.7 Home textiles in the United States 14
2.8 Home textiles in the United Kingdom 15
2.9 Home textiles in EU 16
2.10 Home textiles in Japan 17
2.11 Home textiles in Turkey 19
References 21
_ _____________________________________ __
3.1 Introduction 22
3.2 Application of conventional fibres in home textiles 23
3.3 Application of new and sustainable fibres in home textiles 23
3.4 Areas of application of home textiles 27
3.5 Conclusion 40
References 40
_ _________ __ _ ___ ______________________
4.1 Importance of performance specification 42
4.2 Performance requirements of the US market 42
4.3 Performance requirements of Canada market 77
4.4 Performance requirements of the UK market 83
4.5 Special performance requirements in home textiles 97
References 98
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5.1 General labelling requirements for home textiles in the USA 102
5.2 Labelling requirements for home textiles in EU 118
5.3 Labelling of different home textile products for the US 119
5.4 Labelling of different home textile products for Canada 133
References 134
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6.1 Introduction 136
6.2 Flammability regulations for different home textiles 137
6.3 CATB 117 Section A Part 1 – Resilient cellular material 138
6.4 CATB 117 Section A Part 2 – Shredded resilient cellular
material (e.g., shredded polyurethane foams) 139
6.5 CATB 117 Section A Part 3 – Bean bags 140
6.6 CATB 117 Section B Part 1 – Non-man-made filling materials 140
6.7 CATB 117 Section B – Part 2 – Shredded and loose fill materials/feathers and down 141
6.8 CATB 117 Section C – Man-made filling material 141
6.9 CATB 117 Section D Part 1 – Cigarette resistance 142
6.10 CATB 117 Section D Part 2 – Smouldering screening test 143
6.11 CATB 117 Section E Part 1 – Upholstery fabrics 144
6.12 Some important regulatory tests for carpets and rugs 144
6.13 Flammability of blankets 149
6.14 Flammability requirements of towels 151
6.15 16 CFR 1632 mattress and mattress pad test 152
6.16 16 CFR 1633 mattress flammability test 155
6.17 CA TB 604 bed clothing flammability test 156
6.18 EN1021-1/2:1994 (Figure 6.4) 156
6.19 BS 5852 Ignitability of upholstered seating 157
6.20 Flammability standards for curtains 159
6.21 Conclusions 159
References 160
_ ____________________ ___
7.1 Introduction 161
7.2 Test methods for towels 163
7.3 Test methods for rug 180
7.4 Test method of pot holders and woven mitts 186
7.5 Miscellaneous test methods of home textiles 189
References 197
_ __________________________ ___
8.1 Introduction 199
8.2 Thermal draperies 200
8.3 Protection against unpleasant odour 200
8.4 Temperature-regulated beddings 201
8.5 Endure™ textile finish 201
8.6 Antimicrobial finish 202
8.7 Moisture management finish 203
8.8 Flame-retardant finish 203
8.9 Mite free mattresses 204
8.10 Water and oil repellent and soil release finishes 205
8.11 Towel finishing 206
8.12 Moisture cross-linking (MXL) of bed linen 206
8.13 Nanotechnology-based home textile enhancements 206
8.14 Sensory perception technology 207
References 207
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9.1 Introduction 209
9.2 Trade marks and labels used in environment-friendly home textiles 211
9.3 Different eco-friendly standards in home textiles 215
9.4 Importance of eco-labelling 225
References 226
Index 228

Home textile industry is an upcoming sector in consumer forum that takes care of essential requirements of living in a house comfortably. Performance of varieties of home textile items is viewed and valued by customers in terms of class, quality, reliability and consistency. A thorough and comprehensive interaction with different stakeholders of home textile industry reveal that this particular sector is in need of a digestive document that can be able to communicate majority of the requirements of product performance and quality in line with the value addition and to maintain the basic concept underlying in green consumerism. Thus, this book arose out of a need-based philosophy that caters to the requirement in providing the service as a technical resource to home textile sector wherein all essential elements of product development, industry standards, regulatory aspects, and evaluation systems are built into it.

The book is aimed at industry professionals, domestic and international retailers, factory owners, buying institutions, and students intended to start their career in home textile sector. Thus, the emphasis of the book is how to achieve the commercial success of desired end product through the knowledge of the key markets producing various home textiles, scope of development through sustainable and eco-friendly fibres, various industry specific standards, evaluation systems and above all safety aspects and environmental regulations. It is important to mention that same home textile product can be evaluated against different benchmarks because specification and regulation vary depending upon the country of export. It is always desirable to refer to a latest version of document while applying any tests and regulations, which are difficult to cover in a book of this nature, and more so international standards, and regulations are continuously been updated, owing to the change in expectation of performance and for better consumer interest.

Home textiles products have been diversified over the years in the niche market based on the expectations and need of consumer. Thus, the emphasis on the performance parameters and their evaluation systems can not be overlooked. Like all other sectors of technology, when we are moving forward positively through 21st century, the use of eco-friendly fibres for product development in home textiles is quite expected. High performance and value addition are no longer treated, as attributes in the consumer world but become essential feature of finished home textiles. We often heard about the fire hazards in home textiles, which is a potential safety concern and must be regulated by standard flammability regulations and interestingly, that are not common for every product. It is also important that home textiles should be properly labelled. This is not only to meet the regulatory requirement but also guide the consumer for its proper care. Above all, the environmental aspect of home textiles has attracted attention in recent years and different eco-labels and standards are in place for its regulatory control.

Although topics covered in this book are not uncommon in home textile industry in our general sense of term, I have included those in this book because very little has been available in published literature. I believe that the subject will be of sufficient interest to textile professionals to warrant its inclusion and so provide a wider circulation of information concerning this development in home textiles.

Dr. Subrata Das

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