Medical Textiles and Biomaterials for Healthcare | S C Anand, J F Kennedy, M Miraftab, S Rajendran


Medical Textiles and Biomaterials for Healthcare
Edited by Professor S C Anand, Professor J F Kennedy, Dr M Miraftab, Dr S Rajendran

Medical Textiles


Preface xi

Part I Biomaterials utilised in medical textiles
Biomaterials utilised in medical textiles: An overview
J F Kennedy and C J Knill, Chembiotech Laboratories, UK 3
New generations of resorbable biomaterials with textile structures
A Ene, C Mihai, The Research-Development National Institute for Textile and Leather, Romania 23
Reformed collagen fibres
D Zeugolis, G Paul, G E Attenburrow, University College of Northampton, UK 29
Novel chitosan-alginate fibres for advanced wound dressings
M Miraftab, G Smart, University of Bolton, UK, J F Kennedy, C J Knill,
J Mistry, Chembiotech Laboratories, UK, M R Groocock,
SSL International pic, UK 37
Modification of alginic acid fibres with hydrolysed chitosans
J F Kennedy, C J Knill, J Mistry, Chembiotech Laboratories, UK,
M Miraftab, G Smart, University of Bolton, UK, M R Groocock,
SSL International pIc, UK 50
The effect of degradation on the mechanical properties of biodegradable
polylactide yarns and textiles
C Golding, E Ekevall, S R Wallace and R R Mather, Heriot-Watt University, UK 58
Chitosan: Crawling from crab shells to wound dressings
G Smart, M Miraftab, University of Bolton, J F Kennedy Chembiotech
Laboratories, UK, M R Groocock, SSL International Ltd, UK 67

Part II HeaIthcare and hygiene products
Healthcare and hygiene products: An overview
S C Anand, The University of Bolton, UK 75
Application of nonwovens in healthcare and hygiene sector
C J Ajmeri and J R Ajmeri, Sarvajanick College of Engineering and
Technology, India 80
Role of advanced textile materials in healthcare
R D Anandjiwala, Centre for Fibres, Textiles and Clothing, South Africa 90
Improving the quality of life and comfort in wool and blended fabrics for
the elderly
R A L Miguel, J M Lucas, University of Beira Interior, Portugal, A M Manich,
CSIC, Research and Development Center, Spain 99
Using ultrasonic energy for bleaching cotton in hygiene textiles
S I Mistik, S M Yukseloglu, Marmara University, Turkey 107
A study of the prevalence of respiratory morbidity in the workers of textile
industry of Baroda City
V M Shobha, P V Kotecha and G D Joshi, Baroda Medical College, India 113
Market research and overview of Turkish hygienic products
M Akalin, Marmara University, Turkey, A 0 Agirgan, Trakya University, Turkey 122

Part III Infection control and barrier materials
Infection control and barrier materials: An overview
S Rajendran, The University of Bolton, UK 131
The use of dye-like interactions for developing novel infection-resistant
materials M J Bide, University of Rhode Island, USA, H-M Choi, Soongsil
University, Korea,M D Phaneuf, W C Quist and F W LoGeifo, Beth Israel
Deaconess Medical Center, USA 136
Nylon 6,6 knitted fabrics with antibacterial properties
D Saihi, A El-Achari, Laboratoire GEMTEX, France, A Ghenaim, ENSAIS,
France, C Caze, Laboratoire GEMTEX, France 144
The impact of ageing on the properties of single-use OR garments
M J Abreu, ME Cabe(:o-Silva, Universidade do Minho, Portugal,
L Schacher, D C Adolphe, Ecole Nationale Superieure des Industries
Textiles de Mulhouse, France 153
The use of Arnicor Pure technology in medical textiles
Roland Cox, Acordis Acrylic Fibres, UK 162
Qualitative evaluation of the barrier effect of textiles in use
D Aibibu, B Lehmann and P Offermann, Institute of Textile and
Clothing Technology, Germany 168
Reducing microbial contamination in hospital blankets: a contribution to
combat nosocomial infections (hospital infections)
P Vandendaele, A Langerock, Devan Chemicals, Belgium, W Curtis White,
J Krueger, lEGIS Environments, USA 177
Durable and rechargeable biocidal textiles
G Sun, University of California, USA 187
Barrier textiles by wet finishing and plasma treatment
M N Islam, M Harun, U Lappan and B Voit, Institute of Polymer Research,
Germany 195
Novel approach to breathable nonwoven hygienic products
M Akalin, S M Yukseloglu, B C Gultekin and A 0 Agirgan, Marmara
University, Turkey 201

Part IV Bandaging and pressure garments
Bandaging and pressure garments: An overview
S Rajendran, The University of Bolton, UK 211
A comparison of elastic and non-elastic compression bandages for venous leg
ulcer treatment
E A Nelson, University of York, UK 217
The study of pressure delivery for hypertrophic scar treatment
L Macintyre, M Baird, P Weedall, Heriot-Watt University, UK 224
Evaluation of pressure profile of bandages using mannequin leg
S Rajendran, S C Anand, The University of Bolton, UK 233
Effect of fibre type and structure in designing orthopaedic wadding for the
treatment of venous leg ulcers
S C Anand and S Rajendran, The University of Bolton, UK 243
Assessment of fabrics worn on the upper limbs
A Davies and J Williams, De Montfort University, UK 256
Bandaging techniques using short-stretch compression bandages
H Charles, Clinical Nurse Specialist, UK 266

Part V Woundcare materials
Woundcare materials: An overview
M Miraftab, The University of Bolton, UK 273
The use of textiles in bums – from injury to recovery
J Edwards, Wythenshawe Hospital, UK 279
W oundcare dressings from chitin
K Van de Velde, Ghent University, Belgium, L Szosland, I Krucillska,
Technical University of L6di, Poland 286
Metronidazole loaded rnicrospheres and membranes of dibutyrylchitin:
preparation and drug release investigation
A Blasinska, L Szosland, A Krucifzska, Technical University of LOdi, Poland 296
Epistaxis device and nasal surgical dressings
J 0 Hudson, Endocavitas Research Ltd, UK 303
Conducting clinical trials in woundcare
D V Praburaj, S C Anand, C Dean and R Nettleton, The University of Bolton, UK 310
New approach to produce absorbent pads for new end uses
D Kocak, M Akalin, I Usta, N Merdan, Marmara University, Turkey 320

Part VI Implantable devices
Implantable devices: An overview
S C Anand, The University of Bolton, UK 329
Repair of articular cartilage defects using 3-dimensional tissue engineering
textile architectures
R J Minns, Newcastle General Hospital, S J Russell, University of Leeds,
S Young, University Hospital of North Durham, R Bibb, UWIC, Cardiff,
P MoUter, Scunthorpe and Goole NHS Trust 335
Manufacture and in vitro bioactivity of sol-gel-derived silica fibre and
P(UD,L)LA composite
T Peltola, V Aaritalo, University of Turku, Finland, AM Haitia, M Vehvilainen,
Tampere University of Technology, Finland, S Areva, Abo Akademi University,
Finland, P Nousiainen, Tampere University of Technology, Finland, M Jokinen,
A Yli-Urpo, University of Turku, Finland 342
A spider silk supportive matrix used for cartilage regeneration
K Gellynck, P Verdonk, F Almqvist, EVan Nimmen, D De Bakker,
L Van Langenhove, J Mertens, G Verbruggen, P Kiekens,
University of Ghent, Belgium 350
Nonwoven scaffolds of improved design for the tissue engineering of the
anterior cruciate ligament
S L Edwards, S J Russell, E Ingham, J B Matthews, W Mitchell,
University of Leeds, UK 355
New prophylaxis method of children’s teeth caries
R AUmova, Tashkent Institute of Textile and Light Industry, Uzbekistan 366

Part VII Medical devices
Medical devices: An overview
M Miraftab, The University of Bolton, UK 373
Knot performance of monofilament and braided polyamide sutures under
different test conditions
E Karaca, AS Hockenberger, University of Uludag, Turkey 378
Enhancing physio-chemical behaviour of P(LLNCL) suture by solvent treatment
P Patel, A lalal, M S University of Baroda, India, Y Ohkoshi, Shinshu
University, lapan 386
Barbed, bi-directional surgical sutures
1 C Leung, G L Ruff, Quill Medical Inc, USA, M W King, P P Dattilo lnr,
North Carolina State University, USA 395
Natural silk based surgical threads production technology exploitation
R Alimova, R Bumashev, M Khikmatullaeva, A Gulamov, Tashkent State
Medical Institute and Tashkent Institute of Textiles and Light Industry,
Uzbekistan 404
New generation of vascular prostheses accomplished through weaving
C Mihai, A Ene, The Research-Development National Institute for Textile and
Leather, Romania 409
The Medical Devices Faraday Partnership
F C Smith, TWI Ltd, UK 417
The potential for localised delivery of antibiotics from braided surgical sutures
M W King, A D lones, University of Manitoba, Canada 425
Surgical sutures: the largest textile implant material
1 R Ajmeri, C 1 Ajmeri, Sarvajanik College of Eng and Tech, India 432
Nerve implants
N YlldlZ, Pamukkale University, Turkey 441

Part VIII Intelligent textiles for medical applications
Intelligent textiles for medical applications: An overview
L Van Langenhove, R Puers, D Matthys, University of Ghent, Belgium 451
Delivering cell therapy for chronic wounds
D Haddow, R Short, S MacNeil, M larmolowicz, M Moustafa, C Hernon, CellTran Ltd, UK 476
Textile finishing for the production of new generation medical textiles
N D Oltargevskaya, G E Krichevsky, Educational Textile Institute, Russia 482
The effect of ammonia and sulphur dioxide gas plasma treatments on polymer surfaces
E Ekevall, lIB Wilson, R R Mather, Heriot-Watt University, UK 491
Index 499

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