Manual of Structural Kinesiology, Twentieth Edition
By R. T. Floyd
1 Foundations of Structural Kinesiology, 1
2 Neuromuscular Fundamentals, 35
3 Basic Biomechanical Factors and Concepts, 71
4 The Shoulder Girdle, 91
5 The Shoulder Joint, 115
6 The Elbow and Radioulnar Joints, 149
7 The Wrist and Hand Joints, 177
8 The Hip Joint and Pelvic Girdle, 219
9 The Knee Joint, 265
10 The Ankle and Foot Joints, 287
11 The Trunk and Spinal Column, 329
12 Muscular Analysis of Selected Exercises and Related Concepts, 367
I greatly appreciate the loyalty that the numerous faculty members, students, and other professionals have shown this work over the years. Conversations with some of you have generated ideas to improve and advance the presentation of the content which I continue to incorporate while attempting to maintain the successful presentation approach the late Dr. Clem Thompson established from 1961 through 1989. I first used this book as an undergraduate and later in my teachings over the years. Having developed great respect for this text and Dr. Thompson’s style, it is my intention to continue to preserve the effectiveness of this time-honored text, while adding material pertinent to the professions working with today’s ever-growing physically active population. I have attempted to maintain and improve clarity while continuing with a concise, simple, and straightforward presentation method. I have drawn upon my career experiences, both as a clinician and an educator, to assist in this process and sincerely hope that this approach is beneficial to those who use this text.
This text, now in its 70th year, has undergone many revisions over the years. My goal continues to be making the material as applicable as possible to physical activity and to make it more understandable and easier to use for the student and professional. While reading this text, I challenge kinesiology students and professionals to immediately apply the content to physical activities with which they are individually familiar. I hope that the reader will simultaneously palpate his or her own moving joints and contracting muscles to gain application. Concurrently, I encourage readers to palpate the joints and muscles of colleagues to gain a better appreciation of the wide range of normal anatomy and, when possible, appreciate the variation from normal found in injured and pathological musculoskeletal anatomy. Additionally, with the tremendous growth of information and media available via the Internet and other technological means, I encourage careful and continuous exploration of these resources. These resources should be helpful, but must be reviewed with a critical eye, as all information should be.
This text is designed for students in an undergraduate structural kinesiology course after completing courses in human anatomy and physiology. While primarily utilized in physical education, human performance, movement science, exercise science, athletic training, physical therapy, and massage therapy curriculums, it is often used as a continuing reference by other clinicians and educators in addressing musculoskeletal concerns of the physically active. Applied kinesiologists, athletic trainers, athletic coaches, physical educators, physical therapists, occupational therapists, health club instructors, strength and conditioning specialists, personal trainers, massage therapists, physicians, and others who are responsible for evaluating, improving, and maintaining the muscular strength, endurance, flexibility, and overall health of individuals will benefit from this text.
With the ever-continuing growth in the number of participants of all ages in a spectrum of physical activity, it is imperative that medical, health, fitness, and education professionals involved in providing instruction and information to the physically active be correct and accountable for the teachings that they advance. The variety of exercise machines, techniques, strengthening and flexibility programs, and training programs is continuously expanding and changing, but the musculoskeletal system is constant in its design and architecture.
Regardless of the goals sought or the approaches used in exercise activity, the human body is the basic factor and must be thoroughly understood and considered to maximize performance capabilities and minimize undesirable results. Most advances in kinesiology and exercise science continue to result from a better understanding of the individual in this field can never learn enough about the structure and function of the human body and that this is typically best learned through practical application.
Those who are charged with the responsibility of providing examination, instruction and consultation to the physically active will find this text a helpful and valuable resource in their never-ending quest for knowledge and understanding of human movement.
New to this edition
The most obvious change in this edition is the combination of what was previously Chapter 8 and 13 into a new Chapter 12, Muscular Analysis of Selected Exercises and Related Concepts. This change was designed to assemble the content primarily relevant to movement analysis in one location for improved focus. Chapters 4 through 11 now have a reasonably extensive table in each chapter that provides details regarding the names, origin, insertion, and function of most ligaments that provide static stability to each joint. Another addition to each of these chapters is an illustration detailing the innervation of the muscles and their related movements. A number of figures have been tweaked for more detail. Some tables have been refined, along with an extensive review and editing of the content throughout. Additional references have been added along with some revisions and additions to the review and laboratory exercises, and end-of-chapter worksheets. Additional questions and exercises will continue to be added to the Online Learning Center. Finally, a few new terms have been added to the Glossary.
The 20th edition of Manual of Structural Kinesiology is now available online with Connect, McGraw-Hill Education’s integrated assignment and assessment platform. Connect also offers SmartBook for the new edition, which is the first adaptive reading experience proven to improve grades and help students study more effectively. All of the title’s website and ancillary content are also available through
- Downloadable PowerPoint presentations
- Image bank
- Test bank questions
- End-of-chapter exercise and worksheet answers
- Student Success Strategies
I am very appreciative of the numerous comments, ideas, and suggestions provided by the eight reviewers. These reviews have been a most helpful guide in this revision and the suggestions have been incorporated to the extent possible when appropriate. These reviewers are:
William R. Barfield, College of Charleston Jerry LeBron Bell, Tennessee Tech University Phillip E. Morgan, Washington State University Wendy L. Pelto, Rhode Island College Erin VanderBunt, Southern Illinois University Edwardsville Suzanne Walsh, Concordia University Chicago Carl Wilson, Lincoln University Jennifer Zuberbier, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh
I would like to especially thank the kinesiology, exercise science and athletic training students and faculty of the University of West Alabama for their suggestions, advice, and input throughout this revision. Their assistance and suggestions have been very helpful. I am particularly grateful to Britt Jones of Livingston, Alabama, for his outstanding photography. I also acknowledge John Hood and Lisa Floyd of Birmingham and Livingston, Alabama, respectively, for the fine photographs. Special thanks to Linda Kimbrough of Birmingham, Alabama, for her superb illustrations and insight. I appreciate the models for the photographs, Audrey Crawford, Fred Knighten, Darrell Locket, Amy Menzies, Matthew Phillips, Emma Powell, Jay Sears, Marcus Shapiro, and David Whitaker. My thanks also go to Poornima H and Erin Guendelsberger, Jamie Laferrera, Jasmine Staton, and the McGraw-Hill staff who have been most helpful in their assistance and suggestions in preparing the manuscript for publication.
R. T. Floyd