Addiction Treatment: A Strengths Perspective, 4th Edition PDF by Katherine van Wormer and Diane Rae Davis

By

Addiction Treatment: A Strengths Perspective, Fourth Edition

By Katherine van Wormer and Diane Rae Davis

Addiction Treatment A Strengths Perspective, 4th Edition

Contents:

Preface ix

PART 1 Introduction 1

CHAPTER 1

The Nature of Addiction 3

What is Addiction? 5

Biopsychosocial-Spiritual Model 12

Prevalence of Substance Misuse 15

The Grip of Addiction 16

The Strengths Perspective 18

Themes in Recovery 21

Finding the Strengths in Divergent Models 27

Harm Reduction and the Strengths Approach 29

Empirical Research 32

Treatment Trends 41

The Unique Context of U.S. Substance Abuse Treatment 44

Social Determinants of Health 47

Summary and Conclusion 48

CHAPTER 2

Historical Perspectives 51

Early use and Misuse of Intoxicants 53

The European Context 55

Colonial America 56

Prohibition of Alcohol 61

Marijuana Control Efforts 65

Modern War on Drugs 66

History of Gambling and its Treatment 69

History of Addiction Treatment 71

Summary and Conclusion 85

PART 2 The Biology of Addiction 89

CHAPTER 3

Substance Misuse, Dependence, and the Body 91

Properties of Alcohol and Other Drugs 92

Consumption Levels Worldwide 95

Alcohol and Good Health 97

Properties of Alcohol 98

E-Cigarettes 118

Metabolism 124

The Brain and Addiction 128

Medical Consequences of Substance Misuse 141

Summary and Conclusion 148

CHAPTER 4

Substance Misuse with a Co-Occurring Mental Disorder

or Disability 151

Introduction 151

Substance Misuse and Mental Disorders 155

Mutual Help Groups 182

Substance Misuse and Developmental, Physical,

and Cognitive Disabilities 183

Summary and Conclusion 190

CHAPTER 5

Gambling, Eating Disorders, Shopping, and Other

Behavioral Addictions 191

Introduction 191

Gambling Disorder 194

Eating Disorders 211

Psychosocial Aspects 213

DSM Diagnoses 214

Shopping or Spending Addiction 225

Hoarding Disorder 227

Lost in Cyberspace 228

Are Facebook and Texting Addictive? 230

Sex Addiction 231

Cognitive Therapy and the Strengths Perspective 233

Summary and Conclusion 241

PART 3 The Psychology of Addiction 243

CHAPTER 6

Addiction Across the Life Span 245

The Stages of Growth and Development 246

Teenage Drinking and Using 247

The Extent of Substance Use in the United States 249

The Business Side of Youth Addiction 251

Prevention of Substance Misuse in Teens 265

Gender-Specific Programming for Girls 273

Addiction Problems in Middle Adulthood 274

Substance-Using Women from American Indian Backgrounds 277

Substance Use Among Women at Midlife 279

Addiction Problems Among Older Adults 280

Prevention of Relapse 287

Spiritual Healing 290

Summary and Conclusion 293

CHAPTER 7

Screening and Assessment 295

Introduction 295

Screening Instruments and Strategies 297

Assessment Tools 300

Assessing Levels of Care 302

Assessment of Persons with Co-Occurring Disorders (COD) 303

Screening and Assessment of Older Adults 307

Diagnosing Addiction Problems 309

Assessment and the Strength Perspective 310

Summary and Conclusions 312

CHAPTER 8

Strengths- and Evidence-Based Helping Strategies 313

Introduction 314

Harm Reduction 316

Motivational Interviewing 328

Solution-Focused Therapy 333

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy 337

Group Therapy 345

Traditional Treatment at the Crossroads 348

Summary and Conclusion 351

CHAPTER 9

Mutual Help Groups and Spiritual/Religious Resources 353

Introduction 353

Mutual Help Groups 354

Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) 355

AA in the Community Versus 12-Step Facilitation

in Treatment Programs 358

How Does AA Really Work? 362

Gamblers Anonymous 372

Other 12-Step Groups 374

Other Mutual-Support Groups 375

Addiction, Spirituality, and Religion 380

Summary and Conclusion 386

PART 4 The Social Aspects of Addiction 389

CHAPTER 10

Family Risks and Resiliencies 391

Classic Family Systems Therapy 394

Modern Developments 400

Family Adaptation to Addiction 401

Wegscheider’s Role Theory 402

Some Modern Treatment Models 406

Stages of Change and Family Treatment 407

Work with Families in Which There Are Co-Occurring Disorders 418

In Situations of Domestic Violence 418

Cultural Considerations 419

Healing 424

Exercises for Family Groups 426

Summary and Conclusion 429

CHAPTER 11

Ethnicity, Culture, and the Socioeconomic

Determinants of Addiction 431

Introduction 431

Asian American and Native Hawaiian/Pacific Islanders 440

American Indians and Alaskan Natives 447

Hispanics 456

African Americans 462

Gambling 464

Summary and Conclusion 472

CHAPTER 12

Gender, Sexual, and Sexual Orientation Differences 473

Introduction 473

Gender Differences 475

Substance Abuse Counseling and Sexual Orientation 495

Summary and Conclusion 505

CHAPTER 13

Public Policy 507

Welfare Reform 508

Policies Pertaining to the Treatment Profession 509

The War on Drugs 512

Mandatory Sentencing 514

Civil Asset Forfeitures 516

Drug-Free Zones 517

The Punishment of Pregnant Drug Users 518

Harm Reduction 521

Steps Toward Legalization of Marijuana 523

Treatment Developments 527

Policies Related to Gambling 528

Some Positive Steps Toward Harm Reduction 530

Summary and Conclusion 531

Appendix: Resources 533

References 536

Index 625

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