CompTIA Cloud+ Guide to Cloud Computing, 1st Edition PDF by Jill West

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CompTIA Cloud+ Guide to Cloud Computing, 1st Edition

By Jill West

CompTIA Cloud+ Guide to Cloud Computing, 1st Edition

Table of Contents

CompTIA Cloud+ Exam Objectives

Mapped to Modules Ix

Module 1

Introduction to

Cloud Computing 1

Module 1 Scenario 1

Characteristics of Cloud Computing 2

Cloud Computing Certifications 2

What Is Cloud Computing? 4

What Do I Need to Know? 5

Cloud Deployment Models 7

Cloud Deployment Models 7

Public Cloud 7

Private Cloud 9

Hybrid Cloud 10

Multi-Cloud 11

Community Cloud 12

Cloud Service Models 12

Cloud Service Models 13

Service Model Security Concerns 15

Cloud Service Providers 16

Cloud Providers and Platforms 16

Common Cloud Services 17

Troubleshooting Methodology 20

Common Cloud Computing Problems 20

Troubleshooting Steps 21

Preventive Measures 21

Project 1-1 Cloud Computing Certifications 23

Project 1-2 Get Started in Yellow Circle 23

Project 1-3 Create an Account with AWS 24

Project 1-4 Create an Account with Azure 26

Project 1-5 Create an Account with GCP_28

Project 1-6 Apply Troubleshooting

Methodology 29

Summ ary 31

Key Terms_32

Cloud1 Ac ronyms Check list_34

Module 2

Virtual Hardware 35

Module 2 Scenario 35

Virtualization Technologies 36

Role of Virtualization 36

Hypervisors 37

Network Connection Types 39

VM Configuration 41

Virtualized Processing 43

CPU Virtualization 43

CPU Cores 44

Overcommitment Ratio 45

Virtualized Memory 47

Memory Management 47

Overcommitment Ratio 47

Memory Reclamation 48

Virtual CPU and Memory in the Cloud 49

VM Instance Types 49

Allocation Factors 50

VM Alternatives 52

VM Migrations 54

Migration Types 54

Compatibility and Portability Considerations 54

Project 2-1 Create a VM in a Hypervisor 55

Project 2-2 Launch a VM Instance

in Yellow Circle 58

Project 2-3 Deploy a VM in AWS 59

Project 2-4 Deploy a VM in Azure 62

Project 2-5 Deploy a VM in GCP_65

Project 2-6 Connect to VMs in AWS,

Azure, and GCP_68

Connect to GCP Instance 68

Connect to Azure Instance 69

Connect to AWS Instance 69

Summ ary 71

Key Terms_72

Cloud1 Ac ronyms Check list_74

Module 3

Migration to the Cloud 75

Module 3 Scenario 75

Migration Planning 76

Cloud Migration Phases 76

Transition Assessment 77

Migration Plan 77

Migration Strategies 79

Timing 80

Migration Execution 81

Migration Documentation 81

Change Management 82

Deployment Automation 83

Data Transfer 83

Storage Migration 86

Deployment Testing and Validation 87

Testing Types 87

Testing Considerations 88

Test Analysis 89

Troubleshooting the Deployment 89

Common Deployment Issues 89

Cloud CLIs 90

Increasing Agility 94

Project Management 94

Application Life Cycle 95

Project 3-1 Research Cloud Migration

Success Stories 97

Project 3-2 Research Third-Party

Migration Tools and Services 97

Project 3-3 Install the AWS CLI 98

Project 3-4 Install the Azure CLI 100

Project 3-5 Install the GCP SDK 101

Summ ary 103

Key Terms_104

Cloud1 Ac ronyms Check list_106

Module 4

Cloud Infrastructure 107

Module 4 Scenario 107

Networking Concepts in the Cloud 108

Networking Concepts 108

From OSI Model to Cloud Stack 109

IP Address Spaces 112

IP Addressing 112

Subnetting 113

Cloud Network Interfaces 116

Networking in AWS 117

Network Segmentation in AWS 117

Regions in AWS 118

Availability Zones in AWS 118

VPCs in AWS 118

Subnets in AWS 119

Gateways and Route Tables 122

Networking in Azure 125

Network Segmentation in Azure 125

Regions and Availability Zones in Azure 125

VNets and Subnets in Azure 125

Route Tables in Azure 127

Networking in GCP_128

Network Segmentation in GCP 129

Regions and Zones in GCP 129

VPCs and Subnets in GCP 130

Routes in GCP 130

Project 4-1 Practice Subnetting 131

Project 4-2 Explore Network

Interfaces in Yellow Circle 133

Project 4-3 Configure a VPC and

Subnets in AWS 134

Project 4-4 Configure a VNet and

Subnets in Azure 136

Project 4-5 Configure a VPC in GCP_138

Summ ary 139

Key Terms_140

Cloud1 Ac ronyms Check list_141

Module 5

Cloud Connectivity and

Troubleshooting 143

Module 5 Scenario 143

Hybrid Cloud and Multi-Cloud

Networking 144

Hybrid and Multi-Cloud Use Cases 144

Connecting Networks 145

VLANs 149

VXLANs 151

Extending Network Services 154

DHCP 154

DNS 157

Routing 158

Load Balancing 160

Troubleshooting Cloud

Connectivity 162

Common CLI Troubleshooting Commands 162

Unreachable Instance 166

Project 5-1 Explore VPN Options in AWS 167

Project 5-2 Explore VPN Options in Azure 170

Project 5-3 Explore VPN Options in GCP_173

Project 5-4 Cloud Peering in AWS,

Azure, and GCP 174

Project 5-5 Practice Using the CLI in

Yellow Circle 175

Summ ary 176

Key Terms_177

Cloud1 Ac ronyms Check list_178

Module 6

Securing Cloud

Resources_179

Module 6 Scenario 179

Security Configurations 180

Threats to Cloud Security 180

Cloud-Based Approaches to Security 182

Company Security Policies 183

Layered Security 184

Virtual Network Security 184

Allow and Deny Rules 184

AWS VPCs and Subnets 186

Azure Virtual Networks 189

GCP VPCs 191

Securing Hybrid and Multi-Clouds 192

Compute Security 193

Securing VM Instances 193

Data Security 194

Securing Data 194

Encryption Techniques 196

SSL and TLS 197

Troubleshooting Cloud Security 198

Common Cloud Security Issues 198

Project 6-1 Research Data Breaches 199

Project 6-2 Security Groups in

Yellow Circle 200

Project 6-3 Configure Security in AWS 201

Project 6-4 Configure Security in Azure 202

Project 6-5 Configure Security in GCP_203

Summ ary 205

Key Terms_206

Cloud1 Ac ronyms Check list_206

Module 7

Identity and

Access Management 209

Module 7 Scenario 209

Account Management 210

Account Types 210

Authentication 212

Authentication Processes 213

Password Policies 213

Multifactor Authentication 215

Certificate-Based Authentication 216

Single Sign-On 217

Authorization to

Cloud Objects 218

The Purpose of Authorization 218

AWS IAM 219

Azure IAM 220

GCP IAM 223

IAM for Hybrid Clouds 224

Extending AAA into a Hybrid Cloud 224

Troubleshooting Cloud IAM_227

Common IAM Issues 227

Project 7-1 Install and Use a

Password Manager 227

Project 7-2 Create a Key Pair in

Yellow Circle 229

Project 7-3 Manage Users and

Permissions in AWS 230

Project 7-4 Research Azure

Active Directory 232

Project 7-5 Manage Users in GCP_233

Summ ary 233

Key Terms_234

Cloud1 Ac ronyms Check list_235

Module 8

Cloud Storage 237

Module 8 Scenario 237

Storage Types 238

Data Types 238

On-Prem Storage Technologies 240

Cloud Storage Technologies 242

Storage Optimization Techniques 245

Cloud Storage Services 247

AWS Storage Services 247

Azure Storage Services 248

GCP Storage Services 251

Creating and Storing Backups 252

Backing Up in and to the Cloud 252

Protection Capabilities 253

Backup Types 254

Redundancy Levels 256

Backup Considerations 257

Storage Security 257

Data Classification 257

Data Obfuscation 258

Project 8-1 Manage Storage Volumes in Yellow Circle 259

Project 8-2 Manage Storage in AWS 260

Project 8-3 Manage Storage in Azure 262

Project 8-4 Manage Storage in GCP_263

Project 8-5 Research Database Concepts 264

Summ ary 265

Key Terms_266

Cloud1 Ac ronyms Check list_266

Module 9

Managing Cloud Capacity and

Performance 269

Module 9 Scenario 269

Monitoring Resources 270

Targets to Monitor 270

Events and Logs 273

Analysis and Response 275

Data In, Data Out 275

Monitoring in AWS 277

Monitoring in Azure 281

Monitoring in GCP 282

Cloud Optimization 284

Capacity Limitations 284

Capacity Planning 285

Planning for Problems 287

Business Continuity Planning 287

Disaster Recovery 288

Project 9-1 Logs in Yellow Circle 290

Project 9-2 Monitor Your AWS Cloud 290

Project 9-3 Monitor Your Azure Cloud 292

Project 9-4 Monitor Your GCP Cloud 293

Summ ary 294

Key Terms_295

Cloud1 Ac ronyms Check list_295

Module 10

Cloud Automation 297

Module 10 Scenario 297

Automation Workflow 298

Automation Terminology 298

Infrastructure as Code (IaC) 300

Automation Tools 301

Cloud Maintenance Processes 304

Cloud Maintenance Tasks 305

Types of Updates 306

Patching and Update Methodologies 307

Patching in AWS 308

Patching in Azure 309

Security Automation 311

Security Automation Tools and Techniques 311

Troubleshooting Automation Issues 313

Breakdowns in Workflow 313

Project 10-1 Research Automation Tools 314

Project 10-2 Automated Patching in AWS 315

Project 10-3 Automated Patching

in Azure 317

Project 10-4 Install GCP Logging Agent 318

Summary 320

Key Terms_321

Cloud1 Ac ronyms Check list_321

Index 323

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