1 Introduction 1
Ram Lakhan Singh and Rajat Pratap Singh
2 Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Pulp and Paper Mill 13
Ankit Gupta and Rasna Gupta
3 Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Tannery 51
Tuhina Verma, Soni Tiwari, Manikant Tripathi, and Pramod W. Ramteke
4 Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Dairy Industry 91
Ritambhara, Zainab, Sivakumar Vijayaraghavalu,
Himanshu K. Prasad, and Munish Kumar
5 Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Distillery 117
Soni Tiwari and Rajeeva Gaur
6 Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Winery 167
Sivakumar Vijayaraghavalu, Ritambhara, Himanshu K. Prasad,
and Munish Kumar
7 Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Sugar Mill 199
Pradeep Kumar Singh, Manikant Tripathi, Rajat Pratap Singh,
and Pankaj Singh
8 Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Textile Industry 225
Rajat Pratap Singh, Pradeep Kumar Singh, Rasna Gupta,
and Ram Lakhan Singh
9 Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Pharmaceutical
Rasna Gupta, Bindu Sati, and Ankit Gupta
10 Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Oil
Refinery/Petroleum Industry 303
Shailja Singh and Shikha
11 Treatment and Recycling of Wastewater from Beverages/The
Soft Drink Bottling Industry 333
Water is a scarce natural resource on our planet. Due to rapid industrialization, water pollution problem increased worldwide. These industries use large quantities of potable water for various industrial purposes and release them in the form of wastewater as a by-product. The wastewater generated by different industries has major environmental concern because it contains various hazardous pollutants, and release of wastewater into ecosystem leads to several harmful effects on both flora and fauna. In the present scenario, although it is not possible to stop the release of wastewater in the environment, it is feasible to overcome its harmful effects by its treatment using various methods. The conventional treatment processes have been successfully applied till sometime before, but these methods have many limitations.
As viable alternatives, biological treatment methods are becoming more popular day by day; they are cost-effective, eco-friendly, and energy-saving solutions for treatment of industrial wastewater. The aim of biological wastewater treatment is to remove the major pollutants from different industrial wastewater and enable them to be disposed of safely without posing potential danger to the environment and public health as well as to recycle them for various purposes. Wastewater treatment is a very important and interesting area as far as the environmental protection and public safety are concerned because water is one of the basic natural resources for the survival and existence of all living beings.
This book has been developed with the intention of providing an updated source of information on the characteristics and environmental concern of wastewater from various industries and efficient treatment as well as its recycling by biological methods in an environment-friendly and cost-effective manner. The text of this book includes all the dimensions of wastewater treatment methods with detailed account of the biological treatment methods and factors affecting the treatment of wastewater and their recycling. This book is a valuable resource for graduate and undergraduate students, environmental engineers, and others who are concerned with industrial wastewater treatment.
All chapters have been designed and prepared by the authors in such a way that present the subject in depth following a reader-friendly approach. A systematic reading of the text from the beginning will allow the readers to gain technical concepts of wastewater treatments. The book is easy to follow with simple explanation and a good framework for understanding the complex nature of biological wastewater treatment processes. Overall, this book is certainly a timely addition since the interest in emerging contaminants and wastewater treatment has been growing considerably during the last few years, related to the availability of novel treatment options together with the advanced and highly sensitive analytical techniques.