Chemical Reaction Technology, 2nd Edition PDF by Dmitry Yu Murzin

By

Chemical Reaction Technology, 2nd Edition

By Dmitry Yu. Murzin

Contents:

Preface to the first edition V

Preface to the second edition VII

About the author XV

Chapter 1

Chemical technology as science 1

1.1 Basic principles 1

1.1.1 Continuous or batch? 2

1.1.2 Multilevel chemical processing 5

1.1.3 Large or small chemical plants? 8

1.2 Alternative production routes 10

1.3 Evaluation of chemical processes 12

1.4 Chemical process design 13

1.4.1 Economic aspects 13

1.4.2 Flow schemes 17

1.4.3 Sustainable and safe chemical technology: process intensification 23

1.4.4 Waste management 40

1.4.5 Conceptual process design 46

1.4.6 Process control (compiled together with Dr. Eugene Mourzine,

University of Akron) 55

1.4.7 Product design 59

1.4.8 Patents 66

Chapter 2

Physico-chemical foundations of chemical processes 69

2.1 Stoichiometry 69

2.2 Thermodynamics 72

2.3 Catalysis 76

2.4 Kinetics 85

2.5 Mass transfer 88

Chapter 3

Chemical processes and unit operations 95

3.1 Overview of unit operations 95

3.2 Mechanical and hydromechanical processes 96

3.2.1 Sedimentation 96

3.2.2 Filtration 100

3.2.3 Mixing of emulsions 104

3.2.4 Size reduction 104

3.2.5 Size enlargement 105

3.2.5.1 Tableting 107

3.2.5.2 Extrusion 109

3.3 Mass transfer processes 112

3.3.1 Distillation 112

3.3.2 Extraction 122

3.3.3 Adsorption 125

3.3.4 Absorption 129

3.3.5 Crystallization and precipitation 137

3.3.6 Leaching 147

3.4 Chemical reactors 148

3.4.1 Homogeneous processes 149

3.4.2 Non-catalytic heterogeneous processes 151

3.4.3 Catalytic reactors 159

3.4.3.1 Two-phase reactors 160

3.4.3.2 Three-phase catalytic reactors 166

Chapter 4

Chemical process industry 172

4.1 General overview 172

4.2 Feedstock for chemical process industries 177

4.3 Oil refining 186

4.4 Natural gas processing 196

4.5 Processing of coal 196

4.6 Biomass processing 201

Chapter 5

Hydrogen and syngas generation 218

5.1 Steam reforming of natural gas 218

5.2 Gasification 236

5.3 Water-gas shift reaction 241

Chapter 6

Cracking 244

6.1 General 244

6.2 Visbreaking 244

6.3 Hydrocracking 248

6.4 Fluid catalytic cracking 265

6.5 Steam cracking 284

Chapter 7

Isomerization 295

7.1 Skeletal isomerization 295

7.2 Combining skeletal isomerization and dehydrogenation: catalytic reforming of gasoline fractions 301

7.3 Epimerization 309

Chapter 8

Halogenation 312

8.1 Radical chlorination 312

8.1.1 Liquid-phase chlorination 313

8.1.2 Gas-phase chlorination 316

8.2 Catalytic chlorination 318

8.3 Hydrohalogenation 321

8.4 Oxychlorination 323

8.5 Fluorination 329

Chapter 9

Oxidation 333

9.1 Oxidation of inorganic compounds 333

9.1.1 Nitric acid 333

9.1.2 Sulphuric acid 337

9.1.3 The Claus process 344

9.1.4 Deacon reaction 345

9.2 Oxidation of organic compounds 347

9.2.1 Heterogeneous catalytic oxidation 347

9.2.1.1 Ethylene and propylene oxide 348

9.2.1.2 Acrylic acid 353

9.2.1.3 Formaldehyde 357

9.2.1.4 Maleic anhydride 362

9.2.1.5 Phthalic anhydride 365

9.2.1.6 Acrylonitrile 375

9.2.1.7 Synthesis of acetic acid by oxidation 380

9.2.2 Liquid-phase oxidation 382

9.2.2.1 Cyclohexane oxidation 383

9.2.2.2 Cyclohexanol oxidation 387

9.2.2.3 Xylene oxidation to terephthalic acid 389

9.2.2.4 Synthesis of acetaldehyde by oxidation: the Wacker process 392

9.2.2.5 Synthesis of phenol and acetone by isopropylbenzene

oxidation 395

9.2.2.6 Hydrogen peroxide 399

Chapter 10

Hydrogenation and dehydrogenation 404

10.1 General 404

10.2 Ammonia synthesis 407

10.3 Gas-phase hydrogenation 414

10.4 Liquid-phase hydrogenation 415

10.4.1 Nitrobenzene hydrogenation 419

10.4.2 Liquid-phase C5+ olefins hydrogenation 420

10.5 Hydrotreating 421

10.6 Dehydrogenation 425

10.6.1 Dehydrogenation of light alkanes 426

10.6.2 Dehydrogenation of ethylbenzene to styrene 434

Chapter 11

Reactions involving water: hydration, dehydration, etherification, hydrolysis, and esterification 440

11.1 Hydration and dehydration 440

11.2 Hydrolysis 450

11.2.1 Acid-catalyzed hydrolysis of wood 451

11.2.2 Enzymatic hydrolysis of acyl-l-amino acids 453

11.2.3 Hydrolysis of fatty acid triglycerides 454

11.3 Esterification 455

Chapter 12

Alkylation 459

12.1 Alkylation of aromatics 459

12.2 Alkylation of olefins 467

12.3 O-Alkylation 475

12.4 N-Alkylation 481

12.5 Oxyalkylation 483

Chapter 13

Reactions with CO, CO2, and synthesis gas 488

13.1 Carbonylation 488

13.2 Carboxylation 492

13.2.1 Kolbe-Schmidt synthesis 492

13.2.2 Synthesis of ethylene glycol 494

13.2.3 Urea from CO2 and ammonia 495

13.2.4 Synthesis of melamine 507

13.3 Methanol from synthesis gas 512

13.4 Hydrocarbons from synthesis gas: Fischer-Tropsch synthesis 521

13.5 Reactions of olefins with synthesis gas: hydroformylation 535

Chapter 14

Key reactions in the synthesis of intermediates: nitration, sulfation, sulfonation, alkali fusion, ketone, and aldehyde condensation 549

14.1 Nitration 549

14.2 Sulfation and sulfonation 555

14.2.1 Sulfation 555

14.2.2 Sulfonation 558

14.3 Alkali fusion 563

14.4 Carbonyl condensation reactions 565

14.4.1 Condensation with olefins (Prins reaction) 566

14.4.2 Condensation with aromatic compounds 569

14.4.3 Aldol condensation 572

14.5 Caprolactam production 573

14.5.1 Condensation of cyclohexanone to cyclohexanone oxime and subsequent Beckmann rearrangement 573

14.5.2 Methods for caprolactam production 581

Chapter 15

Oligomerization and polymerization 588

15.1 Combining double bond isomerization, oligomerization, and metathesis: production of linear alkenes (SHOP) 588

15.2 Polymers 590

15.3 Step-growth polymerization 591

15.4 Polymerization process options 599

15.4.1 Homogeneous polymerization in substance 599

15.4.2 Homogeneous polymerization in solution 601

15.5 Heterogeneous polymerization 602

15.5.1 Precipitation polymerization 602

15.5.2 Suspension and emulsion polymerization 608

Final words 613

Index 615

This book is US$10. Order for this book:
(Request for free sample pages click on "Order Now" button)

Book Order
Or, Send email: [email protected]

Share this Book!

Leave a Comment

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.