Nanotechnology in Textiles Theory and Application PDF by Rajesh Mishra and Jiri Militky

By

Nanotechnology in Textiles Theory and Application

By Rajesh Mishra and Jiri Militky

Rajesh Mishra and Jiri Militky

Contents:

List of contributors ix

Acknowledgment xi

1 Nature, nanoscience, and textile structures 1

Rajesh Mishra, Jiri Militky

1.1 Introduction 1

1.2 Evolution of nanotechnology 3

1.3 New instruments 8

1.4 Natural nanosystems 9

1.5 Biomedical and industrial applications of nano science 16

References 32

Further reading 34

2 Electrospun nanofibers 35

Rajesh Mishra, Jiri Militky, Mohanapriya Venkataraman

2.1 Introduction 35

2.2 Posttreatment of nanofibrous membranes 37

2.3 Effect of electrospinning parameters and potential applications of nanofibers 39

2.4 Advanced centrifugal electrospinning 44

2.5 Blended polymer electrospinning 46

2.6 Three-dimensional nanofibrous macro-structures via electrospinning 46

2.7 Zirconium carbide nanofibers by electrospinning 57

2.8 Parameters on electrospinning process and characterization of electrospun nanofibers 59

2.9 Nano scaffolds prepared by disc-electrospinning 65

2.10 Electric field analysis of a multifunctional electrospinning platform 68

2.11 Free surface electrospinning for high throughput manufacturing of core-shell nanofibers 73

2.12 Electrospinning of high strength aqueous silk fibroin nanofibers 76

2.13 Coaxial electrospinning 82

2.14 Corona-electrospinning 88

2.15 Miscellaneous electrospinning methods 89

2.16 Recent developments in electrospinning 133

2.17 Applications of nanofiber membranes 143

References 152

Further reading 161

3 Carbon-based nanomaterials 163

Rajesh Mishra, Jiri Militky

3.1 Introduction 163

3.2 Carbon nanotubes yarns (CNY) 165

3.3 Electrochemical carbon based nanosensors 165

3.4 Fullerenes 167

3.5 Carbon nanotubes 167

3.6 Carbon nanofibers 172

3.7 Carbon nanotools as sorbents and sensors of nanosized objects 174

3.8 Carbon nanomaterials for nerve tissue stimulation and regeneration 176

References 177

4 Nanoparticles and textile technology 181

Rajesh Mishra, Jiri Militky

4.1 Introduction 181

4.2 Selected features of nanoparticles 181

4.3 Nanoparticles preparation 189

4.4 Nanoparticles application in the textile industry 193

4.5 Carbon nanoparticles 197

4.6 Cellulosic nanoparticles 204

4.7 Conclusion 214

References 214

Further reading 217

5 Characterization of nanomaterials in textiles 219

Rajesh Mishra, Jiri Militky, Veerakumar Arumugam

5.1 Introduction 219

5.2 Environmental and health effects of nanomaterials in nanotextiles 220

5.3 Application of functionalized nano-fibres 222

5.4 Flame-retardant protective clothing 224

5.5 Tissue engineering 227

5.6 Affinity membranes 231

5.7 Super hydrophobicity 240

5.8 UV protection 242

5.9 Nanosensors 244

5.10 Protective clothing 247

5.11 Miscellaneous areas 249

References 257

6 Nanocomposites 263

Rajesh Mishra, Jiri Militky

6.1 Introduction 263

6.2 Nanocomposite for photocatalytic degradation 266

References 308

7 Nanoporous materials 311

Rajesh Mishra, Jiri Militky, Mohanapriya Venkataraman

7.1 Introduction 311

7.2 Nanoporous silica aerogel for thermal insulation 312

7.3 Nanoporous carbon materials 328

7.4 Nanoporous copper structures 332

7.5 Polypyrrole nanostructures 334

7.6 Suspended hydrophobic porous membrane for high-efficiency water desalination 336

7.7 Nanoporous chitosan materials 336

7.8 Bioinspired engineering of honeycomb structure 339

7.9 Bio-inspired superoleophobic and smart materials 341

7.10 Nanoporous graphene film 344

7.11 Decolorization of methylene blue by nanosheets 346

7.12 Hierarchically nanoporous nanofibers 346

References 351

8 Nanorisks and nanohazards 355

Rajesh Mishra, Jiri Militky, Veerakumar Arumugam

8.1 Introduction 355

8.2 Toxicity of antibacterial nanoparticles 359

8.3 Toxicity of miscellaneous nanomaterials 364

8.4 Toxicity of carbon nanotubes 378

References 384

9 Future outlook in the context of nanoscale textiles as a technology for the twenty-first century 387

Rajesh Mishra, Jiri Militky

Index 389

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