Practice Makes Perfect: Basic Japanese, 3rd Edition PDF by Eriko Sato

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Practice Makes Perfect: Basic Japanese, Premium Third Edition

By Eriko Sato

Practice Makes Perfect Basic Japanese, 3rd Edition

Contents:

Introduction xi

1 Let’s say and write Japanese words! 1

Basic Japanese sounds and kana characters 1

The first 10 hiragana 2

The second 10 hiragana 4

The third 10 hiragana 6

The last 16 hiragana 9

Basic vocabulary with simple sounds 10

Words for body parts 10

Words for nature 11

Double consonants, long vowels, and family terms 12

Small つ 12

Adding a vowel 12

Addressing older family members 12

Diacritics for voiced and plosive sounds and food terms 13

Diacritics ゛ and ̊ 13

Names of Japanese food 14

Palatalized sounds 14

Using small や ya, ゆ yu, or よ yo 14

Japanese words you might already know 15

Reading basic katakana 15

Special katakana combinations 18

Country names written in katakana 18

Writing sentences 20

Kanji 20

2 Getting to know someone 23

Introducing yourself with はじめまして Hajimemashite 23

Occupational and respectful titles 23

Asking どちらからですか Dochira kara desu ka (Where are

you from?) 24

The question word どちら dochira and the particle から kara 24

Personal pronouns あなた anata, 私 watashi, and 僕 boku 24

Names for countries, regions, and cities 24

Describing the nationality of a person 26

To say “x is y” with . . . は wa . . . です desu 27

To express additional items with . . . も mo 27

Nationality 27

Languages 27

Referring to someone with あの ano . . . 29

あの ano 29

Words for people 29

Describing the occupation of a person 29

Creating a modifier using a noun and の no 30

Words for occupation 30

Words for institutions 30

Talking about family members 32

Asking questions 33

Asking yes/no questions 33

Answering with “yes” or “no” 33

Asking “who?” 34

Greeting and parting 36

Greeting 36

Parting 36

Thanking and apologizing 37

Saying “thank you” 37

Apologizing 38

Referring to things around you 39

Demonstrative adjectives 39

Things around you 39

Demonstrative pronouns これ kore, それ sore, and あれ are 39

Asking “which?” “what?” and “whose?” 40

The question word どの dono or どれ dore (which) 40

The question word 何 nani/nan (what) 41

The question word だれの dare no (whose) 41

3 Using numbers 44

Numbers from 1 to 10 44

Numbers from 11 to 99 45

Numbers from 100 to 99,999 46

Expressing age with the counter 歳 sai 47

Telephone numbers 48

Telling time 50

Counters for time: 時 ji and 分 fun 50

Relative time expressions 50

Daily time frames 51

The calendar 53

Days of the week 53

Months 53

Days of the month 53

Asking “when?” 54

Question word いつ itsu (when) 55

Japanese national holidays 55

Asking “how much?” at a store 57

Things you might buy at an electronics store 57

Asking “how much?” with いくら ikura 57

Shopping by saying . . . をください o kudasai 58

Listing nouns with と to 58

Asking “how many?” with counters 59

Using number phrases in a sentence 59

Frequently used counters 59

4 Around town 63

Basic verb forms and verb classes 63

Dictionary and masu forms of verbs 63

Ru and u verbs 63

Frequently used verbs 65

Going to the supermarket 68

Showing the destination with に ni or へ e 68

The polite non-past negative suffix ません masen 68

The negative scope marker は wa 68

Places around town 68

Stores: . . . 屋 ya 69

Asking “where?” and saying anywhere, somewhere,

and nowhere 70

Asking “where?” 70

Existential pronouns 71

Negative pronouns 71

Habitual actions 73

Asking about habitual actions with よく yoku (often) 73

Frequency adverbs 73

Making suggestions 74

. . . ませんか masen ka and . . . ましょう mashoˉ 74

Specifying an absolute time with に ni 75

Saying approximately 75

Expressing the purpose of going with . . . に行く ni iku 75

Transportation 77

Specifying the form of transportation with で de 77

Words for transportation 77

Counters for hours and minutes 78

Sentence-ending particles ね ne and よ yo 78

5 Talking about activities 81

Recurring activities 81

Words for proportional frequency 81

The direct object marker を o 81

Daily routines 81

Specifying the location of activities with で de 82

Activities on weekends 82

The verb to play 83

Identifying the action performer 86

Specifying the action performer with the subject marker が ga 86

Specifying the accompanying action performer with と to 87

Talking about the past 89

. . . ました mashita and ませんでした masendeshita 89

The conjunctions それから sorekara,でも demo,and

ですから desukara 89

Expressing your plans 90

. . . つもりです tsumori desu 90

Nai form 91

Telling what you can do: Potential form 92

Making requests 94

Te form 95

Requesting with . . . てください te kudasai 95

Talking about “now” with . . . ている te iru 97

Progressive state 97

Habitual state 97

Resulting state 97

Adverbs for intervals 98

Adverbs for the aspects of an action 98

6 Talking about people and things and their

locations 101

Existential verbs ある aru, いる iru, and

いらっしゃる irassharu 101

Pronouns for locations 102

Animals 102

Plants 102

. . . に(は) . . . があります/います . . . ni (wa)

. . . ga arimasu/imasu 102

. . . は . . . にあります/います . . . wa . . . ni arimasu/imasu 103

In a house 105

Rooms and areas in a house 105

Household items 106

Things in a bedroom 106

Expressing where things are 108

Relative location words 108

Compass directions 109

Giving directions 111

Useful landmarks for giving directions 111

Actions needed for giving directions 111

Marking the area covered by movement with を o 111

Marking the direction with に ni 111

The conjunction そうすると soˉ suruto (then) 112

The ordinal counter creator . . . 目 me 112

Expressing human relationships 113

Expressing events and incidents 115

Words for scheduled events 116

Words for accidents, incidents, and disasters 116

The conjunction それで sorede (as a result) 116

7 Describing things 119

Adjective types 119

Describing buildings and rooms 120

Adjectives in the non-past forms 120

Describing buildings 121

Describing rooms 121

Encouraging someone to do something with どうぞ doˉzo 121

Entering your friend’s house with おじゃまします ojamashimasu 121

Character of a person 123

Personality 123

Question words for state: どんな donna and どう doˉ 124

Adverbs of degree 124

Appearance of a person 126

Double subject 126

Words for describing the appearance of people 126

Language learning 128

Expressing degree of difficulty with . . . にくい nikui and

. . . やすい yasui 128

Words for describing courses 128

The conjunction それに soreni 129

Deciding on a travel destination 130

Sightseeing attractions 130

Description of places 130

Seasons and climates 130

Listing examples with や ya 130

Places you may visit in Japan 131

Describing a meal at a restaurant 132

Adjectives in the past tense 132

Words for ethnic cuisine 132

Words for tastes 132

Preferences and skills 134

Indicating what you like and dislike with が ga 134

Words for preferences 134

Nominalizing a verb with の no 134

Words for skills 134

Saying what you want 136

Expressing desire with ほしい hoshii 136

Expressing desire with . . . たい tai 136

Clothing 137

Words for colors 137

Words for sizes 137

Descriptions of clothing 137

Showing excessiveness with . . . すぎる sugiru 138

Words for clothing and accessories 138

Verbs for wearing 138

Trying on clothing:. . . みる miru 139

Polite shop language: ございます gozaimasu 139

Adverbs 141

Adverbs derived from adjectives 141

The adverb + する suru 142

Comparisons 143

Comparing two items to each other 143

Equivalent-degree comparisons 143

Superlative comparisons 144

Words for classes of items 144

8 Making connections 147

Stating what you think with 思います omoimasu 147

The quotation particle と to 147

Plain forms in the non-past tense 148

Using a relative clause 149

Using . . . んです n desu for making connections in

conversation 151

Asking “why?” 152

Asking for a reason with どうして doˉ shite 152

Stating a reason with からです kara desu 152

Possible reasons for studying Japanese 152

Sharing experiences 155

Expressing experience with ことがあります koto ga arimasu 155

Experiences you might have 155

The counter kai (. . . times) 156

Forecasting weather 157

Expressing probability with でしょう deshoˉ 157

Words for weather 158

Talking about sickness 159

Talking about a possible case with

かもしれません kamoshiremasen 159

Symptoms of illness 159

Diagnosis of illness 159

Listing and connecting actions and states by using the

te form 161

The clause conjunctions が ga and から kara 164

The conjunction が ga 164

The conjunction から kara 164

9 Review exercises 167

Appendix 1: The stations on the Yamanote Line in Tokyo 181

Appendix 2: Prefectures in Japan 182

Appendix 3: Some commonly used verb forms 183

Answer key 185

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